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Brad Acker has been at 77 events

HostFollowersTitleDateGuestsLinks
Larry Fournillier1,357,910In this exciting episode of *Food Stories*, my favorite G+ couple,@101888088652157354149 and @117875987563872032638  will be cooking and serving up a tasty Belgian dish, *Stoverij* *_(Carbonnade Flamande)_*.  This is a traditional Belgian sweet-sour beef and onion stew made with *beer*, and seasoned with *thyme, bay-leaf and mustard*. Mushrooms or spiced bread can also be added. In addition, George and Marilyn has a fascinating story behind this dish and I can’t wait for them to share it.  Meanwhile, check out *George's recipe* here:  http://goo.gl/s4okuq  So join us on *Sunday 15th, March at 1:00PM(PDT), 4:00PM(EDT & AST)* for another fun-filled and *_must see_* HOA.  I will have a special guest join us in Marilyn and George's kitchen :) *Reminder*: Don't forget to bring along your favorite *food and drink*. #belgianbeefstew   #foodstories   #hoa   #hangoutsonair   #STOVERIJ   #larryfournillier  Food Stories | Stoverij (Flemish Beef Stew) S02E052015-03-15 21:00:0069  
Digital Dentistry Inc276Since their introduction, Google+ Hangouts on Air have become an amazingly powerful way to reach your audience via live interaction.  HOAs allow us to hold live webinars for both existing and potential patients to answer questions, talk about new procedures we're offering, inform about the newest trends and technologies, even have fun Events!  And after that, the HOAs are placed on your dental practice YouTube channel for future people to watch, be embedded on your website and social media, be included in e-newsletters, and more.   @108210288375340023376  , known as the Hangout Helper, is a coach, master trainer, and Google+ Trusted Tester. Every day he actively empowers entrepreneurs to harness technology and apply it to their own industries. Following his lead, thousands of people worldwide are mastering the use and power of social media, video, broadcast communications, and discoverability online. @102000982871890720967 Alex is a communication graduate student, teacher, and I suppose what has come to be known as brand voicer. With an interest in all things communication, Alex has explored Google+ as both herself and the brand SEOWiSE, a brand that has fallen in love with the Google Hangouts technology so much so that we have taken it to a new level. Using third-party technology, Livestream, John Ellis of SEOWiSE has discovered a way to combine the live audience interactivity of Hangouts-On-Air and the production quality of network broadcasting.  Come learn from 2 top experts on HOAs, to learn how to reach out to your patients more easily than ever before.Digital Dentistry Inc: The Power of Hangouts on Air2014-10-11 19:00:0030  
Ammon Johns & Company281This is the *pilot episode* for a brand new series of HOAs: "Ammonize" Featuring @112140265311719498977 and a guest appearance by @104267556228949747305 all joining me, @113426828273677356184 for this pilot show. *Ammonize* is a new series in which I'll be sharing my unique approach to marketing.  Each week I'll be sharing my insights, processes, approaches and perspectives, from almost 20 years of experience as a leading Internet Marketing Consultant.  The aim is helping you to 'Ammonize' your own projects and business ventures by understanding exactly how I approach various marketing objectives and situations. What is _really_  special about the shows is that every other week, the show will be an hour of actual consulting, live on air. Real-world cases, real solutions, in real time! Please join me for this pilot show where my -willing sacrifice- wonderfully generous guest is @112140265311719498977 allowing me to share with you an hour of consultation on his business and marketing.  Join the show to lend him your own support, views, and insights, as I examine his business and marketing plans, evaluate his market position and align what he wants to achieve with the resources he has available.  The end result ... tune in to see!Ammonize - The Pilot Episode2014-08-09 20:00:00229  
Christopher Vogelmann2,227*Behavioral Science is Sexy - How to Create Engagement on a Grand Scale*  Scientist+Strategist+Sassy = @106279635800132388713  That's the formula that describes our special guest this week who was featured in Times Square this year (See Trailer Photo). Clarissa Silva is a behavioral scientist and clinician with 16 years of experience in mental health, behavioral science, and public health. She created “You’re Just a Dumbass,” as a very tongue-in-cheek relationship wellness blog to help people select and maintain healthy relationships and avoid some of the difficult life lessons that one encounters in suboptimal relationships. On the blog, Clarisa shares techniques that she developed to help clients with creating relationship wellness in their lives from 16 years of practice. Join us for a fascinating behind-the-scenes look at the *scientific* blogging strategies that Clarissa Silva employs in order to create *Massive Engagement*. A frequent guest on Fox, NBC and Huffington Post, Clarissa, is an in-demand guest on the talk show circuit.   Get ready to learn about the scientific side of blogging and how you can engage your readers for greater responsiveness. Clarissa's PR Newswire Link:  http://prnewswiremedia.wordpress.com/tag/clarissa-silva/ #behavioralmarketing   #behavioralscience   #bloggingtips   #influencers   #engagement   #relationshipmarketing  Behavioral Science is Sexy - How to Create Engagement on a Grand Scale2014-08-07 21:00:00110  
Sean Poluk5,127Come enjoy some great food  and drinks  with a side of Original blues, roots & more. Sean Poluk @ Gate 403 in Toronto2014-08-05 17:00:0018  
Social Media Hangout5,224*Watch live and you have a chance to win a BETA invite code for Google Domains!* Join us as we discuss a whole slew of topics related to SEO and Google Search. Recaps  and insights from MozCon 2014 with @107022061436866576067 and @113690073826160821557  and listen in as we chat about the lack of updates on Penguin, and why we think that Google needs to adjust how they penalize those who break the rules. Get great insight and learn valuable lessons from experts like  @102572320061138442096, @103008963082975341976, @117547081660023231214, @115516333681138986628, @107665939201638457855, @113690073826160821557, @107022061436866576067,  @108514565934812016751  and maybe even a surprise panelist or two! All you need to do to gain access to the video is RSVP: YES! (You don't have to watch live if you can't make it, simply RSVP to take part in the great discussion afterwards! The video will always be available on YouTube.) *If you have watched before, please take a minute to review our show here, on IMDB:* http://www.imdb.com/title/tt3750472/reviews-enter In the event that you missed any of our previous episodes: http://smhangout.com/youtube http://smhangout.com/itunes http://smhangout.com/soundcloud Keep us up and running and improving! Even $1 a month will help us keep giving you the communities and hangouts you want to see! http://smhangout.com/donate #googleplusevents    #hangoutsonair #SMhangout     FAQ: *What time is the event?* The event always shows the local time (dependent upon your own time zone) if you are on desktop, but if the event is viewed on a Mobile Device it unfortunately will NOT show your local time, but will show our local time. Be sure to check the math! We are at 3pm EDT = 7pm GMT If you were invited to this event in error, please accept our humblest apologies. Leave a comment on the event page or email infoATsmhangout.com, and we will move you from the invite circles.MozCon 2014, and Attack of the Killer Penguin Update (or lack thereof) - S01E192014-08-03 21:00:00143  
martin shervington1,056,883You know I spend most of my time on Google+, right? Well, increasingly I've been valuing the role of using Twitter alongside - the cross platform connections make a huge difference to building relationships. So, I thought you all may like to dig a little deeper and there is no one better to ask in than @108947920975167979671 on this one as he is just bringing out a new edition to his book. He has a solid business view of social as well. So, hope to see you on Wednesday; and we will be taking questions so please ask away! About the book: The book was initially created to solve a problem. The most common question am I asked is, "Can you help me understand Twitter?"  That is just not something that can be addressed over a cup of coffee! So I wrote this book, first to help my students, but it caught on has loyal fans all around the world.  The Tao of Twitter teaches you the practical MINDSET for success, not just a bunch of theoretical or technical suggestions. If you follow the strategy in the book, I know it can work for you because I have seen it impact hundreds of lives. The Tao of Twitter is beyond a book. It's a movement. Welcome to a global community that is unleashing the power of this amazing communication platform to connect to the world and drive new business benefits in wonderful and unexpected ways! The Tao of Twitter! (And the Te of Google+ :D)2014-07-30 18:00:0092  
Stephan Hovnanian36,541*Social Proof - The Ultimate Showdown!* Most of us have heard the phrase "social proof" and seen/read discussions on the value of "engagement" in getting additional audience attention and actions. But how relevant is social proof? Is social proof really a factor, and if so, a good factor? This battle is between two professionals, one standing on the side of Social Proof, and the other believing that much of it is malarkey: *In the Red Corner: @107665939201638457855:* Dustin is a proponent of social proof, saying that "if you saw two restaurants on the street, one with a line out the door, and one without, which would you want to go to for dinner?" Get Dustin's full thoughts on social proof in his popular blog post, _This Changes Everything_ (http://goo.gl/P5t8GW) *In the Blue Corner, @106704368739672674589:*  In David's eyes, how your audience is earned will make a huge difference in the value that you derive from the audience you create, and whether it returns value to your goals (ROI) or is simply an exercise in Ego. In other words, seeing/experiencing value is more important than social proof, both for businesses and customers. Get David's thoughts on earned audiences here (http://goo.gl/uw5sDY) *Your Moderator, @105076725141939280120:*  Stephan is going to play Switzerland here, and hopefully keep these two passionate businessmen from jumping through their respective screens and getting physical. In the immortal words of the ref from Rocky IV, _"watch the low blows, and the rabbit punches. In case of a knockdown, go to the corner I tell you to and wait until I tell you to come out."_ *You!* We want to hear from you, which is more important, social proof, or tangible value, or something in between? Weigh in on the comments, shares, you name it. Bring your friends, grab the popcorn, and let's have it out!Social Proof - The Ultimate Showdown!2014-07-17 21:00:00122  
matthew rappaport215,342This, that, a refreshing drink and anything on your mind! HAPPENIN' NOW!Friday / Weekend Mini Blast w/Matthew Rappaport & Co.2014-07-12 01:58:3159  
Steady Demand5,066Join the Tools of Google Plus @116266498226740184904  @108883357423682942734  @111487545374003509241  @109096245971703802400 @105750980959577516811  as we talk about the top 3 tips on how to get the most of @101560853443212199687 using tools to get the best ROE ( Return On Engagement ). This event will be packed with insights, information, informality and prizes! @109096245971703802400 - (1) Free Pro Plan @105750980959577516811 - 1 Starter Plan Free For Life! @111487545374003509241 - (3) T-Shirts with a NEW Logo @116266498226740184904  - ( To ALL ) SD Pro 30 Days Accounts  @108883357423682942734 (1) 3 months full NOD3x access to all data sources and premium UIs @107665939201638457855 of @118277786822373935125 will be the Host of this event. Producer: @102572320061138442096  Host: @107665939201638457855  Cast: @109032873352508658020 @110240596237283903526  @100034828195835575273  @102572320061138442096  @117778937939543425499  @103778702993142591484 @112472587150551442541 @105076725141939280120  Remember the game, and bring a #drink  with you to this event, every time you hear the word *TOOL* , you must take a sip! ? http://www.steadydemand.com/Google-Plus-Brand-Audit-Tool.php http://www.nod3x.com http://www.circloscope.com http://www.friendsplus.me http://www.circlecount.comGPlus Tool Party! - #Drink - Stay Hydrated My Friends #GPlusTools2014-07-10 20:00:00267  
My Music Hangout33,990*The Aston Family Music Hangout Party!* Mobile Link: http://youtu.be/tX7uSIr4qm0 Calling all music fans! Last week's music hangout with the #PhabAstonFour was such a success that we have put together a special presentation for us all to watch together! Grab a glass of wine and join The Aston Family once again, this time from the audience, while we watch and listen to the music together! Afterwards, we will open up a hangout and everyone is welcome to jump in and meet The Astons! I am sure that @115426241049772555652 will have plenty of rock cakes to go around and I know many of you would like to talk to @109267076309480704067 about his debut appearance last week - and of course we know you must have questions for @114871590987938514928 and @102624446085942888509 about what it is like growing up in this terrific family! When: Sunday, July 6th at 1pm EST  Where: All Over The World! Mobile Link: http://youtu.be/tX7uSIr4qm0 *This is going to be fun! Help show your love and support for The Aston Family by joining us! This will be a fun, uplifting and very enjoyable party around the world!* Set List: Nancy's Garden Flight Pale Jacket Homecoming  Way Home Alsia Lee on classical guitar (cover song Cavatina) Dance of the Red Glove If you missed the original show and would like to watch it, go to http://bit.ly/TheAstonFamilyMusicHangout Links: http://www.sueaston.com http://www.danaston.com Support Our Efforts By Becoming Our Patron! http://www.patreon.com/MyMusicHangout Presented By: @106050675641651299878     Executive Producer: @117778937939543425499  Subscribe to My Music Hangout on YouTube:  https://youtube.com/user/MyMusicHangout My Music Hangout Website: http://www.MyMusicHangout.com #MyMusicHangout     #music   #indiemusic   #SueAston   #DanAston   #hangoutsonair  The Aston Family Music Hangout Party!2014-07-06 19:00:00165  
Those 4 Girls1,021*Welcome to +Those 4 Girls weekly show!!* _Tune in for our month long series on Sustainability._ *_Can't watch it live?_* _Catch all the replays and podcasts at_ www.those4girls.com G+ Live Event: http://bit.ly/T4G07022104 YT Live Event: coming soon RSVP YES or MAYBE here on the event and you'll have a place holder so you can catch us live or watch the replay at your convenience! *Everyone is talking about Organic & GMO's and Sustainability.* *What are we eating these days?* *Is it really food or is it a chemical compound made to look, feel, smell and taste like food?* *Is organic better? What exactly is GMO?* *What kind of small changes can we do to today to improve our lives and our health for the long term?* *Tune in this week as we chat with our amazing and knowledgeable panel as we dive in to this very HOT topic!!* *_Meet Our Panel This Week!!!_* @113884560496712884472 - I'm the Community Leader of Mamavation, which is where I teach moms disease prevention behaviors,http://www.mamavation.com.  I'm also the Creator of ShiftCon which is the first social media conference for Eco-Wellness Bloggers October of 2014,http://www.shiftconmedia.com. And I own a network of just over 9,000 bloggers who want to work with health/wellness brands called the Bookieboo Influencer Network, http://www.bookieboo.com.  Other than that, I'm generally just a pain in the ass..in a good way  @106506914071969243397  - Wayne Meador is a visionary and entrepreneur. He’s the creator of AWorld4ChangeTV, and on a mission to make a difference and change the world around him. Before AWorld4ChangeTV, he was working as a small business sales consultant, has been to nursing school, worked as an EMT, a volunteer firefighter, supervised heavy equipment crews at jobsites, been a sheep farmer, and restored his first car by the time he was 16. He’s a dedicated, single father on a mission to build a better world, by helping each one of us learn how to become more sustainable and self-reliant in our daily lives. When he’s not glued to the computer screen and sharing his mission, he enjoys building food security through gardening, aquaponics, and hydroponics. On any given day, you’ll find him experimenting with different growing techniques or building his next time and labor saving contraption. As a part of his “change the world” movement, he designed the Seed Savers and Pay-it-Forward communities on Google Plus and is actively addressing these topics through many different forums.. His personal desire to make healthy food and clean water available to the developing world, has driven him to push forward with his mission, to build a build a better home for generations to come. @104335013517157407992 - A graduate of Stanford Law School and Duke University, Giselle Achecar is the Creator & CEO of EcoRico TV, a healthy food and lifestyle network con sabor, featuring a salsa-rific cooking show, recipes & tips. She recently launched MamiTalk, a talk show for parents, and FooT4G - Sustainable Living - All About Food2014-07-02 19:00:00122  
My Music Hangout33,990*The Aston Family Music Hangout* Calling all music fans! Please join @106050675641651299878 on Sunday, June 29th at 1pm EST for an intimate hangout with *The Aston Family*! @115426241049772555652 and her son @114871590987938514928 will be playing some of their music for us and we will have discussion in between songs. Sue's son Lee might also make an appearance. This show will be produced by @109267076309480704067.  We have given away special backstage passes in advance for this special event to: @114960466077967141907 @109057163018759143790 and @101696764219780312734 Links: http://www.sueaston.com http://www.danaston.com Set List: Nancy's Garden Flight Pale Jacket Homecoming  Way Home Alsia Lee on classical guitar (cover song Cavatina) Dance of the Red Glove *Support Our Efforts By Becoming Our Patron!* http://www.patreon.com/MyMusicHangout Presented By: @106050675641651299878    Executive Producer: @117778937939543425499   Subscribe to My Music Hangout on YouTube:  https://youtube.com/user/MyMusicHangout My Music Hangout Website: http://www.MyMusicHangout.com #MyMusicHangout    #music   #indiemusic   #SueAston   #DanAston   #hangoutsonair  The Aston Family Music Hangout2014-06-29 19:00:00234  
Social Media Hangout5,224Welcome to another special edition of Social Media Hangout as we welcome Circloscope's finest: @117778937939543425499 and @112472587150551442541! Get great insight and learn valuable lessons from experts like @107022061436866576067, @113690073826160821557, @102572320061138442096, @103008963082975341976, @117547081660023231214 and @115516333681138986628, @107665939201638457855 and our special guests from @109096245971703802400, @117778937939543425499 and @112472587150551442541! All you need to do to gain access to the video is RSVP: YES! (You don't have to watch live if you can't make it, simply RSVP to take part in the great discussion afterwards! The video will always be available on YouTube.) Share this event publicly along with the hashtag #SMcircloscope   to be entered in our giveaway this week! Link to promotion coming soon! Be sure to check back HERE! *If you have watched before, please take a minute to review our show here, on IMDB:* http://www.imdb.com/title/tt3750472/reviews-enter In the event that you missed any of our previous episodes: *1.* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oCNFul1AVN0 *2.* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XsxgHaoVces *3.* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ChapN6uB-E *4.* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b3a4Sxgn7c8 *5.* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZA6_kx9HoGo *6.* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wSMQB-akX50 *7.* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4gM5Nt1h9Xg *8.* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oPUktF1SWME *9.* THE LOST EPISODE! Sorry! Not our fault! *10.* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=couNbiLZH6c *11.* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4k70Z7FY0xc  *12.* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jO6dHXlOfnw  *13.* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KQIRZmXOjiU Also available on SoundCloud, and coming VERY soon to iTunes! https://soundcloud.com/smhangouts/ #googleplusevents                   #hangoutsonair                   #SMhangout    FAQ: *What time is the event?* The event always shows the local time (dependent upon your own time zone) if you are on desktop, but if the event is viewed on a Mobile Device it unfortunately will NOT show your local time, but will show our local time. Be sure to check the math! We are at 3pm EDT = 7pm GMTSocial Media Hangout #14 - Circloscope and More!2014-06-22 21:00:00119  
Ronnie Bincer105,832#TNTBootcamp - *Building Influence by Helping Others* @107742059751171695340 is one of the world’s leading authorities on Google+ knowledge. She is a Google+ Top Contributor, a Google+ trusted user and beta tester. Helping others “get” Google+ is her passion. Jaana’s business Gplussa helps coach businesses, students and non-profits on Google+, Google tools, social media and digital marketing.  One of Jaana’s recent posts was titled _How I became the most followed Nobody in Finland_. In this post, she writes, “Consistently NOT posting solely about my own topic but sharing a wide variety of interests with my Circleverse. I have also helped a lot of people and have dished out my knowledge for free since the beginning.” *Influence Marketing Tools N' Techniques* @117778937939543425499 & @108210288375340023376 launched *Influence Marketing Tools N' Techniques* aka #TNTBootcamp to an audience of over 300 who were eager to learn more about the tools used to identify and engage with key influencers on Google Plus and to understand how to "get on the radar" themselves. Click here to watch the first episode in the series and to read the recaps put together by several of the audience members: http://bit.ly/MhiA4x  ************** *Upcoming Shows in the Series* Welcome to the second part of our series where we will explore the techniques of influence marketing. In the coming weeks, Christine & Ronnie will interview several influencers to get their perspective on how relationships are built on Google Plus and to understand which tools n' techniques work best for (and with) them and why.  *Monday, July 7th* An interview with: @113055030863291439319 Chef, Food Blogger, HOA Host *Monday, July 21st* We will revisit the tools part of our series by spending a few episodes providing a more indepth look at the new version of @109096245971703802400 as well as discussing circle management techniques and best practices. ************** *Previous Episodes: Tools* Series Kickoff Overview: http://bit.ly/MhiA4x   @111487545374003509241: http://bit.ly/1eOmIol  @109096245971703802400: http://bit.ly/1k6hBSM  @116266498226740184904: http://bit.ly/1lpAQo0   @108883357423682942734: http://bit.ly/1gWHG5w  Review of Tools Covered: http://bit.ly/Qm8VuS    *Previous Episodes: Techniques* *Using Hangouts on Air to Build Influence* An interview with @115620878851836664537: http://bit.ly/1mTctAf In his most recent best-selling book, _Google+ Hangouts for Business: How to use Google+ Hangouts to Improve Brand Impact, Build Business and Communicate in Real-Time_, David says “Hangouts on Air are a unique opportunity. This is the most disruptive marketing opportunity we have had for a long time. At a stroke you can dispel doubts about who you are and what you do, reach people, form relationships, and create new potential customers, and you can do it both in real time and asynchronously, increasing your marketing footprint with time.” *Connecting With Influencers To Improve SearchTNTBootcamp - Building Influence by Helping Others2014-06-16 20:30:00197  
AWorld4Change1,389What is Elderberry Syrup? First lets learn a bit about the benefits of the Elderberry. +Wayne Meador will host as Kristi Carter teaches this class on Saturday, June 14th at 2pm ET | 1pm CT | 12pm MT | 11am PT. *Scroll Down To RSVP. Responding Yes or Maybe will set a reminder so you can catch the replay.* _SHARE THIS WITH YOUR FRIENDS_ *Full Schedule Of Live Events Here:* http://www.aworld4change.com/events Elderberries have a long history as a folk cure for a variety of ailments. Currently, scientific studies are being conducted to test the accuracy of these health claims. While some uses haven't been proven yet, elderberries in the form of elderberry syrup have been shown to boost immunity, decrease mucous production during colds and fight the flu. Boosting the Immune System, it helps your body fight disease. Elderberries are a rich source of vitamins A and C, which are crucial in helping the body maintain optimal health. Plus, the bioflavonoids in elderberry syrup boost the body's immune system by increasing antioxidant levels and viruses that damage cell walls. A daily dose can assist you in preventing both acute and chronic disease. Making Elderberry Syrup is as easy and the usages are endless. You can use it as an elixir to drink, on top of your ice cream or pancakes, and to flavor your water...   This HOA we will teach you how to make this wonderful Syrup... *We monitor the comments in as many locations as we can. If you're wanting a question answered, make sure and comment below the video and we’ll do our best to answer it during the show* _(Our show may not be timely for your schedule. Responding Yes or Maybe will set a reminder so you can catch the replay)_ *Hashtag*: #AWorld4Change Please use for your tweets and when sharing out the show. _SHARE THIS POST WITH YOUR FRIENDS_ *Subscribe to +AWorld4Change's YouTube Channel to catch future, and watch past episodes of our shows.* http://goo.gl/ONYbKX *Like the topic?* Know someone that will enjoy it? *Invite your friends to watch too.* #SustainableBuilding #CarTireFoundation #ReclaimedBuildingMaterial     --------------------------------------- Producer for today's show is the wonderful +Nazim Beltran! --------------------------------------- *Website* - http://www.aworld4change.com *TV Show YouTube Channel* -http://goo.gl/ONYbKX  *Wayne's YouTube Channel* - http://goo.gl/aDNCKg  *Wayne's Google Plus Profile* - https://plus.google.com/+WayneMeador *TV Show Google Plus Profile* - https://plus.google.com/+Aworld4changeTV *Seed Savers Community* - http://goo.gl/dFQmKI  *Pay It Forward Community* - http://goo.gl/L5f0MM  *Pinterest* - http://www.pinterest.com/aworld4change/  *TV Show Twitter* - http://www.twitter.com/AWorld4Change  *Wayne's Twitter* - http://www.twitter.com/wmeadorElderberry Syrup (How To Make & Uses For It)2014-06-14 20:00:0036  
Mia Voss33,153http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vofsbIlM5Xc This week on @109324423871490315778 Power Chat - we'll be getting the 411 on Book Publishing, Self Publishing, Writing Techniques, Marketing Your Book and more! Friday, June 13 - 9am PT/10am MT/11am CT/12pm ET @109324423871490315778 Power Chat: Each week we cover a variety of business topics and feature influencers & innovators from all types of industries who share their smarts. In a word: #Infotainment       And we always get a little #BatCrapCrazy     More about our Panel: @103507319847335351139 - Online Business Strategist, Founder of The Blog Squad and Co-Founder of The Future of Ink. Denise is the host of the popular Hangout show Adventures In Visibility, focused on helping small businesses and online entrepreneurs to optimize, leverage, and strategically use social marketing tools to gain visibility, build credibility and make more money selling their products and services.   Denise is passionate about Adventure travel and how it can inspire you to think bigger and go for what’s possible in your business and life. She’s currently planning a new Adventure for entrepreneurs in Peru and another in India. denisewakeman.com @111238595346429376929 - Founder of @101560483852587124925 and co-author of Stop Wasting Time and Burning Money.  @101560483852587124925' passion is to uplift women, encourage, advise and support women in their individual missions. Lany is a highly successful and seasoned business owner and sales professional with several years of progressive experience in establishing and managing operational functions of companies in various industries.  lanysullivan.com @107499215004519214139 - Author of " The Unofficial Book On HootSuite", the most thorough book on the most popular social media marketing tool, HootSuite. Mike spent the last year studying and writing about HootSuite. Mike is also the man behind @106860584597630365429  where he blogs daily about social media and content marketing, and regularly works with people and businesses who want to learn how to leverage content and social profiles to strengthen online relationships, establish their authority within their industry, and grow their business.  Mike owns The Social Media Hat where he blogs daily about social media and content marketing.  On Amazon: http://owl.li/xhoK0  @107098776847894040162 - author of How to Blog a Book and The Author Training Manual, transforms writers into inspired, successful authors, authorpreneurs and blogpreneurs. Known as the Inspiration to Creation Coach, she moves her clients from ideas to finished books as well as to careers as authors by helping them combine their passion and purpose so they create products that positively and meaningfully impact the world. A sought-after author, book, blog-to-book, and results coach, some of Nina’s clients have sold 300,000+ copies of their books, landed deals with major publishing houses and created thriving businesses around their books. She writes fThe Mia Connect Power Chat - All About Book Publishing2014-06-13 18:00:00200  
Social Media Hangout5,224We are joined by two special guests this week. @108140238181191084668 of @117094489888018583396 will talk to us about the awesome "Social Marketer's Quiz" http://beta21.circussocial.com/smquiz/, and @111552522175915203592 will be around for us to pick his brain on relationships, trust and authority! This is an unscripted hangout so our hosts may suddenly veer off into any number of topics that can be helpful to you and your business, so it's worth listening in! Get great insight and learn valuable lessons from experts like @107022061436866576067, @113690073826160821557, @102572320061138442096, @103008963082975341976, @117547081660023231214 and @107665939201638457855! All you need to do to gain access to the video is RSVP: YES! (You don't have to watch live if you can't make it, simply RSVP to take part in the great discussion afterwards! The video will always be available on YouTube.) In the event that you missed any of our previous episodes: *1.* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oCNFul1AVN0 *2.* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XsxgHaoVces *3.* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ChapN6uB-E *4.* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b3a4Sxgn7c8 *5.* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZA6_kx9HoGo *6.* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wSMQB-akX50 *7.* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4gM5Nt1h9Xg *8.* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oPUktF1SWME *9.* THE LOST EPISODE! Sorry! Not our fault! *10.* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=couNbiLZH6c *11.* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4k70Z7FY0xc Also available on SoundCloud! https://soundcloud.com/smhangouts/ #googleplusevents                   #hangoutsonair                   #SMhangout    FAQ: *What time is the event?* The event always shows the local time (dependant upon your own time zone).Social Media Hangout #122014-06-08 21:00:0092  
Eric Enge21,604This week on the #DMEShow  @104858643838035519891 and @108493275257625053433 and I will chat about Pinterest and G+ and how to leverage them together. The show airs at 5 PM EDT on Thursday May 29th.  Just say yes to get access to the video for live or later viewing.  I will also share the video here for mobile users. Please help us by inviting others or sharing the event!Pinterest and Google Plus: Two Peas in a Pod2014-05-29 23:00:23205  
Christopher Vogelmann2,227*Semantic Engagement and the Science of Influencing Behavior* In our next episode of *Epic Influencers*, we have a conversation with @115620878851836664537 about his story of becoming an influencer and how you can use your unique message to become an epic influencer yourself. As most of you know, David is a major force on Google+, a prolific author and an in-demand consultant to major corporations.  His engaging style and sincere desire to help others are palpable in the online world.  Many viewers have expressed the notion that they can listen to him for hours on end. Mark your calendars for this very special conversation with a humble, humorous, informative and powerful visionary - @115620878851836664537. Say "YES" to this event and please share it with your circles and friends.  It is guaranteed to be memorable. Mobile/YouTube Link: http://youtu.be/fr66h5vovJo ================================================= #influence #influencer #engagement #gamification #BehavioralMarketing #BehavioralGuidance #LoyaltyMarketing  Semantic Engagement and the Science of Influencing Behavior2014-05-28 21:00:00157  
Eric Enge21,604Join me for this special edition of the #DMAShow  as we have tossed @107022061436866576067 to the side (sorry Mark!) and I will be joined by @107665939201638457855.  Dustin and I are going to talk about the role of images/photos/visuals in amping up your content marketing to the next level. The show will air at 1 PM EDT on Tuesday May 27th. Just say YES to get access to the video for live or later viewing.  We will also share the video link here for mobile viewers. Please help us pack the house by inviting others or sharing the event.  It helps make for a lively event comment stream which we will pull into the show!I Don't Need No Stinkin' Images! Or Do I?2014-05-27 19:00:00187  
Eric Enge21,604Join us as @107022061436866576067 and I chat with @110720576611232766643 about the role of social media in your overall business.  We will talk about identifying and leveraging the highest octane gasoline possible! Here is the YouTube Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TIjWbpdWA0Q The show will be at 3 PM EDT (Boston time) on Thursday.  We will also share the YouTube link here for mobile viewers.  Just say YES to get access to the video link for live or later viewing. Please INVITE others or SHARE the event to help us build up the audience.  We appreciate your help!Playing with Gasoline With Jay Baer2014-05-22 21:00:00173  
Christine & Mia7,317YouTube Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-DvaXLN6KfQ Join @117778937939543425499 and @101696764219780312734 and guest host @112472587150551442541  as we chat with our guest @108210288375340023376  Wednesday, May 21st 11:30am PT/12:30pm MT/1:30pm CT/2:30pm ET A little more about Ronnie: You know him as the Hangout Helper and a master at  - #VideoContentMarketing / Video SEO (VSEO) and Online Marketing. We'll be peeking into the Man Behind The Hangout during this episode. We are looking forward to hearing the rest of the story from Ronnie! This week's show is sponsored by: @108712904755834193601  A full service hotel, conveniently located in downtown Washington, DC The hotel is located within walking distance of the White House, DC Convention Center, and two separate Metro/subway stops. http://www.inndc.com Follow the buzz on Twitter and Google+ using hashtags #15MinutesOnAir  & #WhatsYourStory      What's Your Story - Ronnie Bincer - 5/21/142014-05-21 20:30:00158  
Plus My Reach613*Monetize Your Hangouts - Media Kit* _Broadcast Times:_ 13:30 PST 16:30 EST 21:30 GMT The second in a series of shows we will be holding with industry leaders and specialists focusing on monetizing your Hangouts. This weeks guest: @110539034508686983445  www.reformationdesigns.com Ryan J. Rhoades - CEO & Lead Graphic Artist at Reformation Designs, which is a company he started in Silicon Valley in 2011. Some of his recent clients include Jack Canfield, Jim Kwik of SuperheroYou and Kwik Learning, Rick Frishman of Morgan James Publishing, and many others. His clients have appeared in publications like Forbes, The New York Times, The Huffington Post, and been on many television networks like CNN, MSNBC, etc. Potential sponsors will expect a media kit from you. This should include, but is not limited to: Who you are, what you do, and how do you do it. Examples of your HOA's with their audience engagement is obviously essential. What other affiliated activity do you support? We've used the video holder to display a demonstration of +Plus My Reach while the event is scheduled for those interested in finding out more about Plus My Reach prior to the event broadcasting. Watch and Participate Live Google Plus: https://plus.google.com/events/cnm6qm1ch2vtv86e0jhnv8bjqdg Or YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SSNIVxF1VGI ______________________________________________________________________ Don't forget the General Q&A on Wednesday, all welcome: https://plus.google.com/events/cnsp9c3ntb6h9u9r6m6t5pt9p7c Event Hashtag: #PlusMyReachMonetize Your Hangouts - Media Kit2014-05-08 22:30:0097  
Ronnie Bincer105,832*Can Connecting With Influencers Improve Search Results?* An interview with: @113690073826160821557 “If you can build a strong audience of your own, or if major influencers in your market space +1 or share the content, this can get you a lot of exposure to your target market.” _Google+ & SEO: How Google+ Impacts Search Results_, Nov 2013, http://bit.ly/1tXnC7v *Influence Marketing Tools N' Techniques* @117778937939543425499 & @108210288375340023376 launched *Influence Marketing Tools N' Techniques* aka #TNTBootcamp to an audience of over 300 who were eager to learn more about the tools used to identify and engage with key influencers on Google Plus and to understand how to "get on the radar" themselves. Click here to watch the first episode in the series and to read the recaps put together by several of the audience members: http://bit.ly/MhiA4x ********************************************* *Upcoming Shows in the Series* Welcome to the second part of our series where we will explore the techniques of influence marketing. In the coming weeks, Christine & Ronnie will interview several influencers to get their perspective on how relationships are built on Google Plus and to understand which tools n' techniques work best for (and with) them and why.  Monday, May 5th An interview with: @113690073826160821557 CEO of @115515796589038584989, Author _Art of SEO_, Speaker, Search Engine Land and Search Engine Watch Columnist Monday, May 19th An interview with: @107022061436866576067 Sr. Director of Online Marketing at +Stone Temple Consulting Monday, June 2nd An interview with: @114918475211209783081  Speaker, Consultant, Author, Professional Coach, Marketing Psychologist ********************************************* *Previous Episodes: Tools* Series Kickoff Overview: http://bit.ly/MhiA4x  @111487545374003509241: http://bit.ly/1eOmIol @109096245971703802400: http://bit.ly/1k6hBSM @116266498226740184904: http://bit.ly/1lpAQo0  @108883357423682942734: http://bit.ly/1gWHG5w Review of Tools Covered: http://bit.ly/Qm8VuS  *Previous Episodes: Techniques* @115620878851836664537: http://bit.ly/1mTctAf ********************************************* *Learn More* Case Study Example Using Tools Covered by @117778937939543425499: http://bit.ly/1jFt0Xb  View on @117621824418336664774 curated by @115091224082668507135: http://flip.it/ojxyN ********************************************* #TNTBootcamp airs on the 1st & 3rd Mondays each month at 11:30am PST / 2:30pm EST. #SocialMediaMarketing #InfluencerMarketing #GooglePlusTips #DataMining #TNTBootcamp - Can Connecting With Influencers Improve Search Results?2014-05-05 20:30:00231  
martin shervington1,056,883This week I'll interview @115415882981569471878. Barry loves me; in fact, Barry loves me so much he called me a knucklehead earlier. Yes, that much. But here is the thing, that is Barry, it expresses who he is - an energetic, straight talking, 'from the hip shoot' King of personal branding. And that is what I want to show you. Not just 'go read his stuff', but to show you how to infuse your personality into everything you do online. I'll be learning too, of course. p.s. I met Barry at the Social Media Marketing World conference, and he is starting to 'get' Google+, and maybe even fall in love with it as well. So, please join me, to shake out your branding cobwebs, get fresh, and be inspired this Wednesday!How to build an AWESOME personal brand!2014-04-30 20:00:00105  
Social Media Hangout5,224Sit down with the owners and moderators of your favorite Social Media Communities on Google+, as they discuss *the introduction of +Post ads* and *the surprise departure of Google+ head* @107117483540235115863. Get great insight and learn valuable lessons from experts like @103008963082975341976, @107022061436866576067, @113690073826160821557, @102572320061138442096, @107665939201638457855, @117547081660023231214, @115516333681138986628 and possibly even a surprise guest or two! As usual, this is an unscripted hangout so our hosts may suddenly veer off into any number of topics that can be helpful to you and your business. Be sure to *tune in and share your questions about the introduction of +Post ads and the surprise departure of Google+ head Vic Gundotra*. In the event that you missed any of our previous episodes: *1.* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oCNFul1AVN0 *2.* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XsxgHaoVces *3.* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ChapN6uB-E *4.* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b3a4Sxgn7c8 *5.* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZA6_kx9HoGo #googleplusevents     #hangoutsonair     #postads     #vicgundotraIt's the End of Google+ As We Know It.... Or Not - Social Media Hangout #62014-04-27 21:00:00244  
Wade Harman18,343Relationship Marketing: Do We Benefit From Circle Shares? I would love to point you toward some of my favorite social media tools, the first being a Google Plus tool called +NOD3x get a tour here: http://goo.gl/hVniiZ The second being +PicMonkey where you can get a free month of Royale here! https://www.picmonkey.com/#promo/RELATIONSHIP This week @111552522175915203592 is joined by @118332593230195158666 and @118298229252974224674 to talk about circle sharing.  We will discuss if this is a viable option to build relationships and how the people coming in at the last minute are affected.   Circle sharing has been the topic of conversation with me for a while with various people, and I want to get to the bottom of it and ask if this really does work.  I've got my own experience in circle sharing that I want to divulge, and you may find it surprising!  Don't forget to circle the new G+ page @108827198716965466311 and would love to have you come join us over in the *Relationship Marketing* Community http://goo.gl/xmXdVNCircle Sharing: Do We Benefit From Relationships?2014-04-17 19:00:0061  
Lisa Engles5,524*Link to the program mentioned in this hangout www.hangoutsforvisionaryleaders.com/program* *Coaches, Authors and Speakers: Go From Ground Zero to Hangout Hero* Have you spent a lot of time, energy and money spinning your wheels, trying to spread your message and build your audience using social media marketing, but haven’t seen the results that you hoped for?  Do you feel disconnected from the very people you want to reach?  Well, you’re not alone.  In fact, most heart-centered entrepreneurs and visionary leaders that I talk to all say the same thing: " I feel disconnected from the people I want to reach"  and : “I don’t like using social media, but I know I’m supposed to.”  And less than a year ago, I was one of them. ​I was frustrated because there was something about social media that didn’t feel right to me.  I was very resistant to using it.  It felt useless to me because honestly, I was a small fish in a big pond of thousands of 'experts' who were using all types of tactics that felt pushy and in your face. If that's what I needed to do to get seen and get clients, then no thanks.  It's just not who I am. Then one day, I had an ‘ah-ha” moment.  I realized that the reason I was feeling so much resistance was because at the core of who I am and what I do as a coach, author and speaker is - connect and communicate. In that moment I saw how social media was actually putting a divide between me and ideal audience and was keeping me from getting noticed and ultimately, getting clients because there was a lack of authentic connection and communication.  Think about it, how much can you really connect with people when you’re limited posting a 140 characters, a link or an image?  The lack of authentic engagement was not only keeping me from effectively communicating my message, it was keeping me from connecting with my ideal audience and it was ultimately keeping me from making money doing what I love to do.  So I made it my goal to figure out how I could reach others with my message in a way that felt real and that created an opportunity for authentic connection.  And that’s when I decided to look into google hangouts on air.   Within 6 months of using hangouts on air (HOA) I was finally able to break the barriers between me and my ideal clients, get the support of influencers both in google plus and in my niche, establish my expertise and build a loyal following of people who want what I have to offer… all things I had been unsuccessful in accomplishing before. So, in this hangout I want to show you how you can have this type of success using hangouts as well.    #RonnieBincer  has been a big piece of my 'winning' equation, so he'll be joining us in this hangout where you'll: *Learn the 4 critical steps that will take you from ground zero to hangout hero (or shero)* *Discover how to use hangouts on air to connect and communicate with your ideal audience in real time so that you create trust and meaningful relationships* *Learn how usHangout Strategies for Visionary Leaders2014-04-14 20:00:0094  
Jim Shankle1,715John Brown University is pleased to Host @115620878851836664537 (and possibly a _"mystery guest"_ who might just pop in) for a unique HOA that adds to information David presented to a JBU MBA Marketing Strategies course last year. Additionally, David will discuss his new book _"Google+ Hangouts for Business"_ which he wrote in collaboration with @108210288375340023376, @114918475211209783081 and others.  This Friday & Saturday seminar on Entrepreneurialism will be taught by @108402756538374871470  and @117130452445930022312 (retired VP, People Division and Training at Walmart). Both are Adjunct Professors at JBU. Other speakers during this Seminar (in private sessions) include Donnie Smith, CEO and @100397511207083609950 Manager, Social Media & Online Communities at Tyson Foods and Terry Turpin, COO of Acumen Holdings. David will give his historical perspective regarding Social Business on the internet and where it is going as a result of the influence of Google Semantic Search. He (and later Friday afternoon in another HOA - https://plus.google.com/events/cn6vs30l287loeaalp03bkut1r0, @100948891249021511115 , @113055030863291439319 and @108210288375340023376) will discuss real-world, "life applications" for how individuals and Brands are increasingly utilizing G+ as a platform for all their Social Business initiatives - *JBU Seminar on Entrepreneurialism Presents "Hangouts, Helpouts, Hirls and Mobile Hangouts On Air"* Tune in. *LINKS:* _Event Page_ - https://plus.google.com/events/cetvvjacuf3106n5itbe7qvvpac _Youtube_ - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eEhA3iSlzq4David Amerland at JBU Seminar on Entrepreneurialism2014-04-11 18:00:0072  
Social Media Hangout5,224Join the owners and moderators of the Social Media communities on Google+ (Strategy, Professionals, Creative, and Discussions) as they introduce you to this brand new HOA series: Social Media Hangout! as well as the Social Media communities. 3:00 PM EDT (Eastern Daylight Time - NEW YORK TIME ZONE) This means: 7:00 PM GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) http://smhangout.com Featuring the likes of: @103008963082975341976  @107665939201638457855  @107022061436866576067  @113690073826160821557  @102572320061138442096  @117547081660023231214  @115516333681138986628  and more to come, keep an eye out for announcements this week! We just may sneak in a few surprises and gifts for viewers, so this is one HOA you definitely don't want to miss. Brought to you by @109836237376101025302, as well as our wonderful partners: @102987204232298235213 @115515796589038584989 @118277786822373935125 @102577254872201879750 @110898358562182430662 and @116266498226740184904 Social Media Hangout: Greetings and Salutations2014-03-09 20:00:00170  
The Hangout Helper282Come be a part of the first official day of SXSW with @112374836634096795698 & a live interview from the streets of Austin TX. Click *Read more...* One of our very first #MobileHOA  interviews of the festival will feature everyone's Google Plus favorite. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_xiHqA4p06E Join in the conversation via comments... We'll also feature @104858643838035519891 and @108493275257625053433 in the filmstrip to start things off. @110581056743381299062 will work on the mobile broadcast with Guy & @108210288375340023376 so we can join in as soon as we are able. *Feel free to invite your friends & add comments/questions for Guy below.* Guy Kawasaki is the author of _APE, What the Plus!, Enchantment_, and nine other books. He is also the co-founder of www.Alltop.com an “online magazine rack” of popular topics on the web. Previously, he was the chief evangelist of Apple. Kawasaki has a BA from Stanford University and an MBA from UCLA as well as an honorary doctorate from Babson College. This Live HOA from the streets is one of many we will be doing all week long. *Because Guy is so special, he get's his own Event!* To keep up on all the other live action, *Check out the Event list below* for each day of the Interactive portion of #SXSW2014  where #SXSWmobileHOA  will be taking place. The 'control room' will be managed by various members of *The Hangout Mastery* community... _signup to keep up bit.ly/HangoutMastery ._ Day 1 (Friday, March 7, 2014) http://goo.gl/MeLO9F Day 2 (Saturday, March 8, 2014) http://goo.gl/KVEpd7 Day 3 (Sunday, March 9, 2014) http://goo.gl/Q9c99F Day 4 (Monday, March 10, 2014) http://goo.gl/cmb6kg Day 5 (Tuesday, March 11, 2014) http://goo.gl/syEZ1g#SXSWmobileHOA Guy Kawasaki Interview Live from Austin2014-03-07 16:45:00116  
Chef Dennis Littley751,885*Mobile Users* : http://youtu.be/zeow4K-6NR8 Join me and my Co-host @108641528210325220263  as we discuss *Google Local* and how to use it to your advantage on the 12th episode of The Bloggers Guide to Using Google+ Effectively Every Monday  for thirty minutes we will focus on a different aspect of Google+  offering guidance and  answering questions.    If you have questions please leave them in the Comment Bar of this event  before the start of the show and we will do our best our best to answer them. The goal of our series is to help everyone understand how Google+ works and what they need to do to become successful on G+.  Once G+ begins to make sense to you, you'll be able to enjoy your time on the plus, making new friends, engaging in communities and seeing some pretty amazing search engine results.  While our series will be focused on Bloggers everyone is welcome and we hope to see all of you with your questions-    You can also join us at the G+ Food Bloggers Community - http://goo.gl/IEKmsV  where we discuss all the issues that Bloggers have as well as sharing best practices. All of our previous episodes are on Youtube  http://goo.gl/3iukbR Monday March 3rd @ 1 PM EST/12 PM CST/11 AM MST/10 AM PST #googleplustips   #bloggers   #Gplusfoodbloggers  The Bloggers Guide to Using Google+ Effectively - Google Local2014-03-03 19:00:0066  
Future of StoryTelling553,312On Wednesday, 2/26, we're hanging out with Scott Snibbe, media artist, filmmmaker, entrepreneur, and self-proclaimed "designer of useless programs".  Known for breakthrough iOS music applications like Bjork's "Biophilia" and Philip Glass' "REWORK_", Snibbe is literally shaping the future of music before our eyes. This week we'll also be joined by musicians @116323800024582462500  of OK Go, and the Google Plus Sensation @100974258168375166691.  Submit your questions to our panel of experts in realtime, right here on Google Plus.  The conversation will explore how interactive design is revolutionizing the way we consume. Snibbe's work transforms music into a participatory experience that can impact an audience's social, emotional, and physical behavior. We'll talk about how technology can empower people to participate in music, and ultimately contribute to the story it relays. Submit your questions to our panel of experts in realtime, right here on Google Plus.  Snibbe’s artwork is in the permanent collections of the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Museum of Modern Art. His large-scale interactive projects have been incorporated into concert tours, the Olympics, science museums, airports, and other major public spaces and events. In the 1990s, he was one of the co-developers of the special effects software, Adobe After Effects. Virtual Roundtables feature a different FoST speaker every Wednesday at 12:30pm EST, as part of an ongoing weekly series. Check out the full line-up of speakers and topics on our website here: http://futureofstorytelling.org/fost-virtual-roundtables/Virtual Roundtable: Scott Snibbe, Artist and Researcher in Interactivity2014-02-26 18:30:0078  
martin shervington1,056,883*Who wants to join me as I interview Jay Baer about his New York Times best selling business book?* We will be talking about the attitude/culture/approach of 'helping', including how Jay finds the culture on Google+; where he thinks we should be putting our attention right now, and where it is going in the future. Whether you are a business or an individual looking at your own approach, this should be a lot of fun and give you new insights too! *What is 'Youtility' all about?* Jay says..."The difference between helping and selling is just two letters. But those two letters are critically important to your company’s success. You’re not competing for attention only against other, similar products. You’re competing for attention against everything. To win in this hyper-competitive environment, you must ask “How can we help?” If you sell something, you make a customer today, but if you genuinely help someone, you create a customer for life. This is Youtility." Sound good? See you then!An interview with Jay Baer about his book 'YouTility"!2014-02-25 20:00:0076  
Ronnie Bincer105,832*Introducing the New and Improved Circloscope* On Monday, February 17th, @108210288375340023376 and @117778937939543425499 will be joined by @112472587150551442541 of @109096245971703802400. Craig is a former product manager for Microsoft and now a co-founder at @109096245971703802400 along with @117778937939543425499 and @115932955064831083806. Circloscope is in the final phases of redevelopment; Christine and Craig will give us a sneak peek of Circloscope's new features, will tell you how it can be used to help you *identify engagers and influencers in your area of interest*, and will discuss the _*importance of circle management*_ so you can filter through the noise and focus in on the conversations that really matter to you. *Helpful articles on Using/Getting the most out of the current version of Circloscope:* *Circloscope A to Z* by the developer @115932955064831083806  https://plus.google.com/u/0/+EhsanAhmadiGharacheh/posts/MQznXkSJbAR *Circloscope Recipes* by @114918475211209783081  http://www.plusyourbusiness.com/circloscope-recipe-list/ *Introduction to Circloscope* by @100172216890994354180   https://plus.google.com/u/0/events/ceijk9piqlmiv3ffkkgdi7nuqo4 Christine & Ronnie launched *Influence Marketing Tools N' Techniques* aka #TNTBootcamp to an audience of over 300 who were eager to learn to identify and engage with key influencers on Google Plus and to understand how to "get on the radar" themselves. Click here to watch the first episode in the series and to read the recaps put together by several of the audience members:http://bit.ly/MhiA4x _Upcoming Shows in the Series_ *Monday, February 17th* -www.circloscope.com @112472587150551442541, former Product Development Manager at Microsoft and now a partner at @109096245971703802400, discusses how @109096245971703802400 is being used to identify engagers on Google+ and will provide a sneak peak at the new features that will be released in the new version of the tool. *Monday, March 3rd* -www.steadydemand.com/tool/ @102572320061138442096 from @116266498226740184904 discusses how Steady Demand's Pro Tool provides special engagement tools for both Profiles and Pages including some unique alert features and a scoring system to measure post quality and social signals to post ratio. It can be used to identify top engagers on your pages' posts as well analyze competitors' engagement and posts. Learn how to increase engagement by improving the quality of your posts and to gauge the impact of your SEO and social efforts over a given time period. *Monday, March 17th* -http://www.NOD3x.com Dive into data mining with @100034828195835575273 from @108883357423682942734 to learn how this powerful tool can be used to identify influencers across Google+, Twitter, Facebook and YouTube based on keywords and hashtags and how Klout, Kred and PeerIndex are being used along with NOD3x to measure influence. _*Previous Episodes*_ First, Series Kickoff Overview: http://bit.ly/MhiA4x Second, @11148754#TNTBootcamp - Influence Marketing Tools N' Techniques - Circloscope2014-02-17 20:30:00180  
Chef Dennis Littley751,885Mobile Use this Link: http://youtu.be/OATc03mlDks Join me and my Co-host @108641528210325220263  with are very special guest @115620878851836664537  as we tackle the topic of *Semantic Search*  on the 10th episode of *The Bloggers Guide to Using Google+ Effectively* And who better to learn it from then the Author of Google Semantic Search himself.   Every Monday  for thirty minutes we will focus on a different aspect of Google+  offering guidance and  answering questions.    If you have questions please leave them in the Comment Bar of this event  before the start of the show and we will do our best our best to answer them. The goal of our series is to help everyone understand how Google+ works and what they need to do to become successful on G+.  Once G+ begins to make sense to you, you'll be able to enjoy your time on the plus, making new friends, engaging in communities and seeing some pretty amazing search engine results.  While our series will be focused on Bloggers everyone is welcome and we hope to see all of you with your questions-    You can also join us at the G+ Food Bloggers Community - http://goo.gl/IEKmsV  where we discuss all the issues that Bloggers have as well as sharing best practices. All of our previous episodes are on Youtube  http://goo.gl/3iukbR Monday February 1th @ 1 PM EST/12 PM CST/11 AM MST/10 AM PST #googleplustips   #bloggers   #Gplusfoodbloggers  The Bloggers Guide to Using Google+ Effectively - Semantic Search with David Amerland2014-02-17 19:00:00147  
Daria Musk3,655,171*BE MY VALENTINE!* Announcing the "Lonely Hearts Club Hangout Concert"! This Saturday, Feb 15th will you be my valentine? You're the ones I love so let's celebrate together! I'll bring the songs, you bring you. ❤ *HOW TO ATTEND* You are cordially invited to watch and most importantly _join_ my "Lonely Hearts Club Band" by Hanging Out with me for this special love-themed Concert! ❤ *RSVP YES & COMMENT HERE TO TELL ME IF YOU WANT TO JOIN THE HANGOUT WITH ME!*  I'll add you to a special circle that will be invited to join the windows in the Hangout during the show. As always I'll rotate the seats and sing as long as it takes to see you! We'll date, face-to-face all night if we have to ;) *DAY + TIME* I know real v-day is on Friday, so I thought holding our global-date-night on Saturday instead would make it even more inclusive and awesome! Even if you've got romantic plans (ahem not me haha) we can all team up into one big "Lonely Heart's Club Band" on Saturday! (Sunday for you Kiwis and Aussies, ;) *WHAT TO EXPECT* We can eat chocolates and toast to love in all it's forms! We can sing and shout and laugh and leave no-date-behind! You can bring your loves (even if they're pets, or or kids, or friends or fiancés) or come solo and be my date! I prefer roses and tulips thank you ;) *SHARE THE LOVE* Share the love and share this with anyone and everyone you want to celebrate with and remember to tell you love them too!  So bring on the lovebirds and lonely hearts worldwide! Get ready to be loved! See you on Saturday!  *XO, Daria*Daria's Lonely Hearts Club ❤ Hangout Concert!2014-02-16 00:00:00291  
Kevin Kelly546,638Kevin Kelly converses with urban homesteader Lloyd Kahn about new cool tools.Lloyd Kahn and Kevin Kelly on Cool Tools2014-02-13 02:00:0084  
martin shervington1,056,883I am delighted to be interviewing @104858643838035519891 @108493275257625053433 and @111798765849955344981. And here is the plan... I am going to ask every question about social that I can think of, but I need you help. What would you like to know? What are the gaps you need to be filled? How about cross platform posting? Tools they use? This is going to be a great opportunity to look at Google+, alongside Pinterest, Twitter, Facebook and beyond. Can't wait. It is going to be a lot of fun too.Interview with three of the very best in Social Media!2014-02-11 20:00:00121  
martin shervington1,056,883*Google Plus for Individuals and Business!* _Including launch of the free 'Quickstarter' courses..._ There have been so many changes in the Plus over the past few months, and as such we wanted to get together to re-launch the website, tell you about some of the resources and pick up on some of your questions as well. So get yourself ready and see you on Monday!The PYB team talk about some amazing, free resources available for Google+!2014-02-10 21:00:00116  
Eric Enge21,604In this week's #DMEShow  I will be joined by Google's @107562852116793589182 and @104048500804447341038: 1. Getting Started Strong on Google Plus (for brand pages) 2. +Post ads what to expect, and how to use them 3. How to Run a Great Hangout The live YouTube link will be here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gHyg7LPb0vA  This should be a fantastic event!  We will share the live YouTube link here just before show time.  The event will be live at 3 PM ET (Boston time). Please feel free to share the event or invite others!Google Plus Tips From the Google Plus Team!2014-02-06 21:00:00263  
The White House2,855,638Join President Obama as he "travels" across the country in a virtual whistle-stop tour. The President will join Google+ Hangouts with people across the United States and talk with Americans about the issues laid out in his speech. RSVP now to watch the live Hangout on Friday, January 31. Watch the full video of the State of the Union and learn more about all the ways you can engage with us at http://WhiteHouse.gov/SOTU. #POTUSRoadTripA Virtual Road Trip with President Obama2014-01-31 20:00:0013504  
Men's Health661,457Stay on track in 2014 with healthy eating and nutrition tips from our panel of experts. TOPICS OF DISCUSSION: -Tips for maintaining flavor while eating healthy -Cooking demo -How to incorporate fruits and vegetables during the winter months PARTICIPANTS: -Paul Kita, Men’s Health Senior Associate Editor -Cheryl Forberg, Nutritionist and Chef -David McInerney, Co-Founder, Fresh Direct -Christopher Mohr, Ph.D, RDHealthy Cooking & Nutrition Tips2014-01-28 19:00:00154  
Ronnie Bincer105,832Join us for the #KraftyCooking Live HOA. If on mobile watch here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cA9zva5bRnU This is a follow up to our blog post http://www.plusyourbusiness.com/use-google-hangouts-krafty-cooking/ which contains video interviews of all the chefs on the panel. We’ll be talking about how these Chefs have used Hangouts and Hangouts on Air along with their culinary skills to help people learn the joys of cooking. The event info above shows your local time, but as a reference we start at 1pm EST (New York) on 8-Jan-2014. We will likely go into some behind the scenes stories as well as how they incorporate some of their own childhood food experiences into their online cooking endeavors. All tied into how they have been Krafty in their Cooking showmanship! Please invite others to this event to watch and interact with the live show or to view afterwards and help us spread the word on how Google Plus and #KraftyCooking ideas are an incredible combination. === === #KraftyCooking #GooglePlusMarketing #HangoutsWithFood#KraftyCooking and 5 Chefs’ Stories Live and Uncensored2014-01-08 19:00:00247  
Ronnie Bincer105,832*So Many Ways to use Hangouts on Air - Where do I start?* If that is your question, then watch this live HOA recording to get some answers. We discussed the options and gave tips on what your best choices will be moving forward. *Invite others to come, and leave questions in the comments.* If you want the latest info and guidance on what really matters, join in with the members at bit.ly/HangoutMastery - this live show will give you a taste of the training/help Hangout Mastery members have been getting for a while now. As a Reference post on the New Scheduled HOA Event tool, check out my recent post on that here: http://goo.gl/0CY0Ba We'll also address the fact that we now have the ability to do *Limited Broadcasts* via _*Private HOAs*_ - Real ones, not the kind you have to try to fake out the system. This means that every business/person has their own *Private Broadcasting Channel*... Your own Private TV Channel... ground breaking stuff - For Free! _The key is to know how to use the stuff properly_... this session will get you started. If you have not watched my Hangouts Tutorial video re. Being a Great Hangout / HOA Guest check it out here: http://goo.gl/pEqRJP === === #HOAtips   #HOAbroadcasting   #HangotusOnAir   #ScheduledHOA   #PrivateHOA   #GooglePlusTips   #EventsTips   _Keep up with Hangouts via bit.ly/HangoutMastery ..._So Many Ways to use Hangouts on Air - where do I start?2013-12-17 21:00:00392  
Google Plus Week TV Show473Troll Time Weekly returns this Friday when we welcome another batch of YouTube trolls to Google Plus Week. (Not to mention a special guest! Which means we'll actually be starting on time!)  We'll also be looking at the new profile layout for Google+, the problems with the new Android client, and much much more! Join us Friday, with your comments on YouTube live, as we wrap up another Google Plus Week!Google Plus Week - 15 Nov 20132013-11-16 02:30:0018  
Mia Voss33,153This week we bust out a Weekend Edition for you! +Dustin W. Stout, +Michael Q Todd & +Ileane Smith will join us as we chat all things online & Social Media. Grab your cup of coffee and stay in your PJ's and bring your questions & comments. These three are *POWERHOUSES of Info* and you don't want to miss it!   Saturday, November 9th 9:30amPST/10:30amMSt/11:30amCST/12:30pmEST Find your time zone!  http://bit.ly/18QhHTy How & where to watch: - Google Events: You can watch, comment & ask questions right here on this event - YouTube:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=grTWzAGFvlY - Facebook:  https://www.facebook.com/TheMiaConnect - TweetHappy? Follow us at https://twitter.com/TheMiaConnect and use hashtag #BatCrapCrazy           Join the #SocialMediaPowerchat  Community for updates! *http://bit.ly/HwmLXI* Can't make the show? Not to worry - you can catch the Youtube replay right here on the event or at http://themiaconnect.com/episodes/ #BatCrapCrazy    | #GetYourLearnOn    Social Media Power Chat - Weekend Edition with Dustin Stout, Michael Q. Todd & Ileane Smith2013-11-09 18:30:00238  
Jim Shankle1,715It's always a pleasure hearing +David Amerland discuss _*"The GSS/G+ Connection"*_ because it's a subject area with many facets. For mobile viewers click on this YouTube Link - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S76tXQ5qZ30  The time for the Event is translated to your local time zone. As a reference, it starts at 7:30 PM ET. _Google Semantic Search_ and its direct connection to, and support by, Google+ (what I am starting to call _"The GSS/G+ Connection"_) is remarkably deep and important. Yet David explains it with such simplicity, ease, and freshness that it's very understandable and enjoyable no matter your level of experience. Unquestionably, there is a wealth of material in this subject matter which means David will never be over-exposed or fail to peel back yet another layer of this *very large* onion every time he appears in an HOA. Thursday night he is joining my _MBA Marketing Strategies_ class at John Brown University (Rogers Center in Northwest Arkansas) via Google Hangouts On Air. David will explain _The GSS/G+ Connection_ from an MBA's and marketer's perspective. He will also introduce some unique "life applications" that should be pursued as an extension of the emerging power of GSS and Google+. Our session will start at 6:30 PM CST for those interested in seeing Marketing Strategies examined from David's unique perspective. *Two facts backing my conclusion that David has struck a deep vein...* 1) He had 22,000 Followers when I started communicating with him 5-6 weeks ago. Today his Followers number over 150,000, and 2) His game-changing book _Google Semantic Search_ - 230 pages (including an extensive Bibliography for those who want to explore the subject even further) that mines (as David calls it) a "semantically dense" subject. Proof that GSS/G+ is a critically important subject for MBA students (everyone really) was on display last week. Friday for an enjoyable and fast-paced hour, David, +Mark Traphagen  +Ronnie Bincer   (aka "The Hangout Helper") and +martin shervington  discussed how Google+ is changing behavior on the internet - to the better - https://plus.google.com/u/0/events/c0n7nndld5gebbjat1of0dhb124  Even after a full hour, there were many unaddressed questions - reflecting that the session could have continued for the rest of the day. Based on the enjoyable chemistry of these four professionals, most their large audience probably would not have left them had it continued. Come join us Thursday night to continue the discussion. #mktgmba  MBA Marketing Strategies - David Amerland Explores "The GSS/G+ Connection" at John Brown University2013-11-08 01:30:0064  
Simon's Cat121,741Join Simon Tofield the creator of Simon’s Cat and his team as they explain the work that goes into making their hugely popular animated films. They'll give drawing and animation demonstrations as well as showing some of their recent work, giving rare insights into the making of a 400 million views internet phenomenon. Come early as seating is limited. Register before arrival.   Apple Store, Regent Street, London UK Wednesday 30 October 7:00pm - 8pm   For more information and to reserve a place http://www.apple.com/uk/retail/regentstreet/ The Bumper Book of Simon's Cat is available on the iBookstore* https://itunes.apple.com/gb/book/bumper-book-simons-cat-enhanced/id714024668   *UK link. Please check your regional iBookstore for which Simon's Cat titles are available to you.Special Event - Simon's Cat2013-10-30 19:00:0016  
Google+9,948,612The Google+ team will be sharing a few updates. RSVP to this event to watch the broadcast live.A Morning with Google+2013-10-29 17:30:0033904  
Google Plus Week TV Show473Great show planned for tonight! Hope you can join us! Don't you wish you had bought Google stock yesterday??? WOW!!Google Plus Week 10/18/20132013-10-19 02:30:0028  
martin shervington1,056,883We plan to cover as much of the following as we can in an hour: Want to watch on a mobile? http://youtu.be/WeCZ-Z9us7M How to properly Create a HOA Event Use the "Details" area of the Event to achieve your goals Properly Invite people and communities to the Event Encourage Event Comments and Sharing of the Event Before the show Send out Reminders to Guest based on Attendance Status Connect the HOA Video feed to the Event (making is a HOA Event) Use Hangout Toolbox v.2 to self identify and Guide the Focus of the Show Utilize the Event Comments as part of the show Bring Comments on screen with Comment Tracker stand-alone App Save Comments for later review Engage After the Event Identify people via comments that fit your target audience Engage with them in comments, add to circles Invite to future events, via circles Invite to future events and Event’s Message Options Repeat to build valuable relationships using HOA Events Why are we doing all this for free? This is a promotion for Ronnie's Hangout Helper Mastery programme which you may like to know I've joined myself as a paying member as I need to keep up my skills too. And no, I am not on commission :) See you then!How to build valuable relationships using HOA events!2013-10-11 18:00:00355  
martin shervington1,056,883When it comes intelligence, let's face it, Moms know their stuff. And none more so than Kimberley Blaine - my guest for a show this coming Sunday! We decided we would get together and be intelligently social for around 30 minutes.  "What will you get if you 'tune in'?" I hear you cry. Well, Kimberley is the the executive producer of mental health webseries, www.TheGoToMom.TV and a very positive and uplifting influence in the Plus - with a good sense of humor too (I missed the 'u' out to make my American friends feel comfortable!). So it should be really fun one! See you then, MartinHow Social Intelligence Influences Your Social Media!2013-09-22 18:00:0037  
Ronnie Bincer105,832*Learn about the New HOA Q&A App - bring more interaction to HOAs* Hangouts on Air can be very interactive - It is like "Yelling at the TV" and _The TV can answer back_ to paraphrase a friend. This new Q&A app adds another element to the back and forth conversation with Hangouts on Air. As noted in the intro video, this live session *will use the Q&A app to address your questions* and *will NOT likely use the comments you might enter in the Event*. Here is the link to the Referenced intro video so you can watch it after the Q&A interface auto-replaces the video in the event: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XzusNaJ5E0U This Event's start time will translate into your local time (unless you are on mobile) - as a reference point, the start time is 9am PT/12pm ET. We will not only discuss how people are using this Q&A app but will likely *compare this method of interaction* with prior methods and *rate the pros and cons of each.* Please invite others and/or share this Event with others that may be interested in the new Q&A app for Hangouts on Air. *Bring your Questions!* Here is a reference post for the official help guide re. the Q&A App: http://goo.gl/BRYkSM and this is a link to my last Event test using the same Q&A App: http://goo.gl/17i4yp Learn even more about Hangouts and HOAs here bit.ly/HangoutMastery - - -  #HOAtips   #QandAapp   #QuestionsApp   #GooglePlusTips   #TheHangoutHelper   #HangoutMastery  Questions and Answers re. the Q&A app - live HOA discussion2013-09-18 18:00:00114  
Bradford Lowry6,909Join FitnessHOA and an amazing panel of Fitness Entrepreneurs as we  learn  how to grow our fitness authority and influence online.  Joining us as our guest professor for this Master Class is Internet Marketing & Google Plus Expert @107022061436866576067. The topics on the board for discussion include, but are not limited too: *What is Authorship and why is it important?* *Social Media - building my authority and influence online* *Online Marketing - Pro Tips* *Search Engine Optimization - Best Practices* *Content & Engagement*  Our Panel: _Online Marketing Experts and Fitness Entrepreneurs_ @110741717824031340056 - Social Media Strategist for Zephyr Adventures  @107720541281412618494 - Creator of @107175550805465406250  @108086887435909989445 - Fitness Guru and SEO expert  (200,000+ Google Plus followers) @104249817935941630977 - Marketing Solutions Expert with StrategicMarketingEDU.com  @105250836780181048166 - Physical Therapist and owner of Bauer Physical Therapy  @105775546175909363163 - Creator of FitnessHOA and founder of Plethora LLC. @115359388793696390635 - Co-Founder of Fitness & Nutrition Community Fitness: Online Marketing Master Class featuring Mark Traphagen2013-09-14 17:00:0021  
Google Plus Week TV Show473Hey, let us never say you don't get invited to all the cool parties! But in case you don't, you can join us every Friday night as we talk about the hottest happenings on the worlds coolest social network - Google+! This week, we'll be taking a look at new ways of getting your Blogger posts into Google+, getting your Google+ posts out onto your web page, and other new features. Secretary of State Kerry will be in a Hangout - we'll share your thoughts about it and anything else you've seen on Google+ as we take your comments via YouTube live and this Event! #gpw20130913  Google Plus WEEK!2013-09-14 02:30:0035  
Ronnie Bincer105,832*Learn how to make Google Drive Presentations for Google Plus* This live HOA Discussion will walk you through the process of making Google Drive Presentations that can be easily posted in Google Plus and be used as part of your Hangout On Air presentations. @107290419352782290509 is our featured guest. Those watching on Mobile use this YouTube Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a9puOREqyzU The live show will be visible just to the left... when you see a Play Arrow in a video player, Click on the Play Arrow to watch. Mobile viewers will be given a YouTube Link to use just before showtime. Feel free to invite others to this event. And leave questions/comments for us to address as part of the show. - - -  #HOAtips   #GoogleDrive   #PresentationTips   #GooglePlusTips  Making Google Drive Presentations for Google+2013-09-09 19:00:00147  
MasterChef1,694,091MASTERCHEF Fans! Want a chance to cook alongside your favorite finalists in a first-of-its-kind cooking series? Now you can! MasterChef will be streaming its live Cookalong via Google+ Hangouts. On each one-hour “Cookalong,” up to four fans will cook and interact with a Season Four MASTERCHEF finalist in real time as he/she prepares a favorite summer dish.  The next “Cookalong” takes place on Tuesday, September 3 at 7:00 PM ET with MASTERCHEF finalist Jessie Lysiak. Jessie will be making Shrimp and Grit Cakes with Sweet Tomato Relish and Spring Vegetable Salad. The cookalongs will stream live at 7:00 PM ET on the MASTERCHEF Google+ page (https://plus.google.com/+masterchef/posts), as well as on FOX’s YouTube Channel, (http://www.youtube.com/FOX), where the cookalongs will also be available for playback. The “Cookalong” series will be moderated by Laura Vitale, creator of “Laura in the Kitchen” (YouTube). You can watch all previous cookalongs here: http://fox.tv/MCcookalongs Don't miss all-new episodes of MASTERCHEF on Wednesdays at 9/8c, on FOX! MasterChef TM & © 2013 Reveille Independent, LLC. All Rights Reserved.MASTERCHEF COOKALONG w/ Jessie Lysiak2013-09-04 01:00:001520  
Dustin W. Stout48,699It's time again for a collective group of bloggers to come together, Hangout, and challenge each other to be better than ever at online publishing!  The last blogging challenge was a *huge* success - dustn.tv/blogging-challenge-001- and the general consensus was, _we need to do this again!_ So join us this Saturday for the second edition of the dustn.tv blogging challenge! We'll go live on the event page via Hangouts On Air and you'll be able to follow along with us even though you aren't in the video with us. If you show up late-- no problem! You can always rewind the video *in real time!* And feel free to ask questions in the comments section of the event page.  See you soon!Blogging Challenge2013-08-31 18:00:0017  
Google Australia182,187Join us for a special Doodle 4 Google explorer Hangout On Air and hear Project Loon engineer +Anton Staaf talk about exploring big ideas and a behind the scenes look at +Project Loon with students from Roydvale Primary School in Christchurch. #projectloon #loon #balloonpoweredinternetDoodle 4 Google Explorer Series: HOA with Project Loon's Anton Staaf2013-08-27 12:00:00423  
Google Plus Week TV Show473Back in April, we discussed if Google VP, and occasional special guest on Google Plus Week, +Vic Gundotra would make a good replacement for Microsoft CEO Steve Balmer. Tonight, with the official announcement from Balmer that he will retire within a year, we'll be revisiting that topic. We'll also be looking at the latest changes in our favorite social layer and across the Google product line, as well as take your questions and comments. All this, and more, as the sun sets on another Google Plus Week! #gpw20130823  Google Plus WEEK!2013-08-24 02:30:0037  
Ronnie Bincer105,832Join +Ronnie Bincer The Hangout Helper and 3 featured guests: @107022061436866576067 @114918475211209783081 & @107431520081154066675 for a Live Q & A session about Google Plus Hangouts and Hangouts on Air. Mobile Viewers can watch via this link on YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P493WsQm1mQ Those interested in the Hangout Mastery membership, click this link to learn more: www.TheHangoutHelper.com/members I've had many requests to do a Public Q & A session regarding how to best use Google Plus Hangouts and Hangouts on Air (HOA). Here is your chance to ask and get answers to your most pressing questions/concerns. Please leave your questions (make them short if possible) in the comments of this event. We'll try to get to as many as we can in our 45 min. time-frame. *Feel free to invite others here to the Event...* More Special Links and help info will be added after we go live... see you soon! - - -  #HOAtips   #HangoutsOnAir   #GooglePlusTips   #HVCtips   #HangoutsTips   #GooglePlusHangouts   #SocialMediaMarketing   #TheHangoutHelper   #EventsTips  Google+ Hangouts - Live Questions and Answers event2013-08-21 18:00:43185  
Google Plus Week TV Show473Lots of updates to Google+ this week, and we'll be exploring what they mean for this platform we love and loathe. A new Android app, photo integration with Google Drive, and a new API that lets programs write to your stream (with some caveats). Our panelists will be sharing their thoughts, and we welcome yours as well via YouTube or the comments on this event. This will be a great way to wrap your head around all the changes, not to mention wrapping up an awesome Google Plus Week! #gpw20130816  Google Plus WEEK!2013-08-17 02:30:0047  
Google Plus Week TV Show473We have an exciting show planned for this week. We will be joined by the dazzling +Natalie Villalobos - Google+ Community Manager. She'll be explaining what a CM does, fielding your questions live, and will reveal what cool features we can expect next! (Well... probably not the last one.) So join us via YouTube, Google+ comments, and Hangout Questions as we wrap up another awesome Google Plus Week! #gpw20130809Google Plus WEEK!2013-08-10 02:30:0070  
Ronnie Bincer105,832With the new availability of YouTube Live Events, many people want to know how they compare to Google+ Hangouts on Air. We'll tell you here! The video of the live show is visible on the left, click it to watch. MOBILE VIEWERS watch here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SRTsWhNhTW4 _Here is a Special Link I'll reference in the show: www.TheHangoutHelper.com/members ..._ We'll talk about how YouTube Live and HOA are similar and how they differ. My featured guest will be @113251903012045208366 the owner of the *YouTube Live Streaming Community* here on Google+ http://goo.gl/XDXYjP YouTube lowered the bar to only needing 100 subscribers to let us use YouTube Live Events... I bet you're curious so we'll do our best to let you know what's up. Leave questions in the comments before, during and after the live show. *Feel free to invite others to come*, and read up on Live Events here: *BONUS POST* -Recording Private Hangouts with YouTube (using YouTube Live Event tricks)-: http://goo.gl/Sb45My {{Edit: this no longer works}} YouTube Live Streaming Guide: https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/2474026?hl=en Video Help from YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/ytliveops Overview of YouTube Live offered by +Moritz Tolxdorff http://goo.gl/3628Et - - -  #YouTubeLive   #LiveEvents   #HOAtips   #HangoutsOnAir   #YouTubeLiveEvents   #LiveBroadcasting   #VideoMarketingTips   #YouTubeTips   #GooglePlusTips  YouTube Live Events vs. Hangouts on Air - similarities & differences2013-08-08 18:00:00516  
Google Plus Week TV Show473Another Google Plus WEEK! And what a week it has been! Were you one of the hundreds of thousands who rushed to get their Chromecast device? We'll swap stories and talk about Google's strategy with this new hardware - more than just another Q! We'll  be taking your thoughts on this, via Google+, YouTube, and the Questions app. So join us for another wild Google Plus Week! (Think you got this notice twice? Nah... just an illusion... trust us...) #gpw20130726Google Plus WEEK!2013-07-27 02:30:0035  
Scott Lewis308,185Have you ever wondered what it's like to give a TEDx talk? How about working at M.I.T.? What sort of excitement comes with working on a project that allows people from across the globe to map neurons through a video game? Come find out when +Buddhini Samarasinghe and +Scott Lewis interview +Amy Robinson! Buddhini and Scott will be together in San Diego hosting this special Google+ Hangout On Air interview with Amy from +Sebastian Seung's computational neuroscience lab at MIT.  This Hangout On Air will be broadcast live and recorded to YouTube. If you have any questions or comments for Amy or the hosts, please feel free to leave them here on the event page, through the live Google+ shares, via YouTube or on Twitter using the hashtag #ktcHangout .  Buddhini's Twitter:@DrHalfPintBuddy Scott's Twitter:@BaldAstronomer Amy's Twitter:@AmyLeeRobinson #HangoutsOnAir   #ScienceSunday   #ScienceEveryday   #CitizenScience   #TEDx   #OpenScience   #WomenInSTEM   #ktc20130616   #Science   #STEM   #Neuroscience   #MIT  Interview with Amy Robinson | ktc2013-06-16 23:00:0056  
Life at Google2,319,890Excited about Google I/O 2013 next week? Even if you weren't able to get tickets to the live event in San Francisco, you can still experience all of the proceedings via  *Google I/O Extended.* Hosted by our Google Developer Groups, Student Ambassadors, and local developers, I/O Extended lets you watch all of the sessions from a remote location. Part viewing experience and part community building, I/O Extended programming includes everything from live streaming of the event content to local developer demos, hackathons, and speaker sessions. RSVP here and visit the I/O Extended site to find a viewing session in your area, or set up your own: http://goo.gl/yG01oGoogle I/O Extended 20132013-05-15 18:00:00621  
Euro Maestro93,326Live Hangout on Air ShowExplore Google Glass with Euro Maestro - Live2013-05-09 21:00:0083  
After Earth361,275Join us Tuesday, April 23rd at 9am PST for a special Google+ Hangout for After Earth! The After Earth Day Google+ Hangout will be moderated by futurist +Ray Kurzweil, Google's director of engineering. Joining Kurzweil will be Elon Musk, the founder of SpaceX and the co-founder of Tesla Motors and PayPal; the environmental advocate, explorer and filmmaker +Alexandra Cousteau, granddaughter of Jacques-Yves Cousteau; NASA astronaut +Sunita Williams, an Indian American astronaut and a United States Navy officer who holds the record for longest space flight by a woman; and Jaden Smith and Will Smith, the stars of After Earth. On the literal day after Earth Day, they will discuss the future that awaits the human race on Planet Earth, in the context of the overall themes of the action-adventure. After Earth will inspire a conversation focusing on the important questions we face about the present state of the planet, the future, and the environment. The participants will also explore the interaction of technology development, space travel, and ecological preservation.Will and Jaden's After Earth Day Hangout2013-04-23 18:00:001857  
martin shervington1,056,883In this interview with the brightest chap on the subject, I ad going to be asking every question I've wanted to ask Mark for months! We should all get the most understanding on this whole subject area in a rapid fire, energetic and dense 30-40 minute session. Content will include... What is ‘authorship’? How do you set authorship up? (G+ account, website, publishers) What is the benefit of setting it up? Can a business Page have authorship? What is ‘rel publisher’ all about? What is PageRank? (simple version!) Is this all about ‘relevance’? How do the people you to whom you are connected matter now? What advice would you give to: a) an individual, and  b) a business to get it all set up! See you all there :DJust about everything you need to know about 'authorship', 'author rank' and 'social SEO', with Mark Traphagen2013-03-30 18:00:0094  
ARTISTS IN THE PLUS1,950,273"In The Spotlight!" is the Hangouts On Air interview series from @103083353388507768122 bringing you closer than ever before to your favorite Artists. This new series will introduce you not only to the Artist's work, but their journey in the music industry, and their lives outside of music. On Saturday February 9th we talk to @106041114769512924179! Join us as we discuss her journey in the music industry, and learn more about @115923573643670883559, and Rachel's solo experience. The On Air Event can be viewed here on the Event page or on YouTube at goo.gl/qS77Z also. "In The Spotlight!" Rachel Koller2013-02-09 22:00:0090  
Ronnie Bincer105,832*Watch the 6th in the series about Google Plus Communities (GPC)* _Google Plus Community Check-up_ Special Guest: +Fraser Cain - author of the GPC 30-day challenge. Listen and watch as Fraser, +Jesse Wojdylo +Nikol Murphy +Ronnie Bincer discuss the ups and downs of this 2 month-old Topic Based Community tool for Google Plus. *Feel Free to Share this Event with others to help them get up to speed!* Do you primarily post inside your GPC now? How do you like the interaction in your GPC? Do you have suggestions for changes? These and other topics will be quickly discussed... 30 min. show is the plan. *_Scroll Down for more info..._* *Leave Questions to Cover in the comments.* The video up top is the recording of the Live HOA Video. Fraser's 30-day Challenge: http://goo.gl/rDWHd & the 30-day wrap-up post: http://goo.gl/jKMDb Find all the previous discussions in this YouTube playlist: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLh2TCfgo3UtvWhn9rV0qox1Vj2KHykLl1 or if you prefer check them out here... To get ready, you can *watch part 1 here:* http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QIvlKooab-c *watch part 2* via this link here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P1PWWSrnzhA  *watch part 3* via this link here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ica-tWpmSnY *watch part 4* via this link here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wrQEgBE8Xcg *watch part 5* via this link here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fEkKTx0KgIo *watch part 6* via this link here (this one): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gUwocBZfs3o Tell your friends, come join in the discussion as we will try to bring in some of the comments from the stream into the live show. *Feel free to share this event and invite others to join in!* - - -  #communitytips   #googlepluscommunities   #communities   #onairdiscussions   #community   #GPC   #GPCtips   - - - Google+ Communities - What we know after 2 Months2013-02-06 21:00:25147  
Google TV381,202Join us at 3:30pm PST TODAY for a #GoogleTV  hangout to discuss Voice Search.  Send us your question ahead of time to see them answered live and on air. If you would like to attend, leave your name in the stream below.Voice Search Hangout2012-11-30 00:30:00266  
ARTISTS IN THE PLUS1,950,273"In The Spotlight!" is the new Hangouts On Air interview series from @103083353388507768122 bringing you closer than ever before to your favorite Artists. This new series will introduce you not only to the Artist's work, but their journey in the music industry, and their lives outside of music. On Monday October 15th we talk to @107158210554763556081! Max Lugavere is a founding host and producer of the Emmy-winning Current TV. He is a regular contributor to The Huffington Post and Psychology Today. Most recently, he completed a pilot for an HBO science and technology-themed docu-series entitled Talk Nerdy To Me with executive producer Bill Maher. Max is a singer-songwriter his first EP is titled "One Year Later".  This On Air Event can be viewed at this link goo.gl/Shml5 or on YouTube at goo.gl/qS77Z also. Future Shows goo.gl/j6cyI"In The Spotlight!" Max Lugavere2012-10-16 02:00:00115  
Fraser Cain953,175Join us for a weekly roundup of breaking space news from a dedicated team of space journalists. We may or may not talk about: - The space shuttle Endeavour's transfer to California - Curiosity's analysis of the rock "Jake" on Mars - NASA's plans to build a base beyond the Moon - The possibility that Comet ISON will be the brightest in living memory - A new stratospheric freefall attempt - The Milky Way's galactic halo - The new Hubble eXtreme deep field survey ... and other space stories as they develop. I've attached last week's episode so you'll see what this is all about.Weekly Space Hangout - Sep. 27, 20122012-09-27 19:00:00262  

Brad Acker has been shared in 860 public circles

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Irina “Adios” Sadokhina54,086Hello my dear friends!!!This is my weekly #mondaycircle. This #circle is very important for me because there are people who were with me last time, commented my funny pics, and just made me happy. Also, there are people who RE-shared my last #mondaycircle  . Thank you so much for this!!! And I would like to ask you Re-share this awesome circle  on your stream, please. If you wanna be included in my next #mondaycircle  just:1) plus2)re-share!!!Thank you. You all have a wonderful week.Make sure you share the original version!#круглим#обмен   #круги   #crazycircles   #hyperball  #circlescirclescircles   #circleoftheweek  #CircleSharing#Circle#SharedCircles#CircleOfTheDay#GooglePlusTips#SharedPublicCircles#Google+#Google#кругляши#EliteInnerCircle#PublicCircle#AddCircle#Marketing#teamelitecircle#SocialMedia#HearingAids#dontconfusethecircles#TeamElite#Engagers#SharedCircleOfTheDay#SocialMediaMarketing 2015-05-04 08:02:42469248
Ruta a la Patagonia30,340┊ ☆ ┊☆ ┊ ☆ ┊Patagonian Gems v29 CIRCLE  ┊ ☆ ┊☆ ┊☆┊_________________________________________________●❈●❈●❉●  Please Share From The Original Post! ●❈●❈●❉●▼▼▼▼ CLICK READ MORE FOR FULL CONTENT ▼▼▼▼*This is the Patagonian Gems v29 Google Plus CircleIf you want to participate please kindly frollow the following rules::-)1. Add me to your circles if you haven´t done it already2. Share this circle to Public3. Plus or coment this post so we know you wish to participate in upcoming circlesPlease note: ● You must be an active Google+ user and shares useful content.● Your posts must be family-friendly. No adult, gambling, controversial, politics, religion blogs.Have a nice day!Your blogging friends of: +Ruta a la Patagonia  De camino al Sur el mejor hotel  para alojarte sobre ruta 5, antes de Santa Rosa La Pampa, esta en Trenque Lauquen:+Hotel Howard Johnson Trenque Lauquen   Sobre ruta, con amplio parque, pileta climatizada, estacionamiento, wifi, restobar y mucho mas. Ya sea que vayas de camino a Bariloche, San Martin de los Andes, Villa la Angostura o cualquier otro destino de la cordillera o de la costa de la patagonia (por ruta 33).Consultanos en: www.hjtrenquelauquen.com.ar2015-05-03 17:49:39501131617
Daniel Mihai Popescu77,494Circle 0No beginning, no end...Enjoy, dear friends :) #danielmihaipopescusharedcircles   #maximumperformance  I hope this time you receive the notification :)(if not, it will appear anyway in +CircleCount )A "+1" will be perfect!2015-05-03 15:32:10465000
John Sean20,889This circle contains people who really are interesting and active people on Google PlusIf you would like to be included in the next #CircleShare, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the #circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!#becomcommonplacin #Greeks #anRomans #sex #BAlexander #Great #welcomeas #liberar #sex #PersianoccupieEgypt #HfoundeAlexandriin #Egypt #whicwoulbecom #prosperous #capita #Plemaidynasty #after #deathFollowin #conquest #NortMediterranean #coastlinby #Roman #Empir #arintegrateeconomically #anculturally #sex #Roman #system #Roman #settlement #occurrein #modern2015-05-01 06:34:07435367
Irina “Adios” Sadokhina53,530Hello my dear friends!!!This is my weekly #mondaycircle. This #circle is very important for me because there are people who were with me last time, commented my funny pics, and just made me happy. Also, there are people who RE-shared my last #mondaycircle. Thank you so much for this!!! And I would like to ask you Re-share this awesome circle  on your stream, please. If you wanna be included in my next #mondaycircle  just:1) plus2)re-share!!!Thank you. You all have a wonderful week.Make sure you share the original version!#кругляши #обмен   #круги   #crazycircles  #hyperball  #circlescirclescircles   #circleoftheweek  #CircleSharing#Circle#SharedCircles#CircleOfTheDay#круглим#GooglePlusTips#SharedPublicCircles#CircleOfTheDayGoogle+#Google#EliteInnerCircle#PublicCircle#AddCircle#Гугл#Marketing#teamelitecircle#SocialMedia#HearingAids#SocialMediaMarketing#dontconfusethecircles#TeamElite#Engagers#Shared#ГуглПлюс 2015-04-27 09:41:44468151220
Robert Connor38,077This is a shared circle of people that help G+ to growShare and be shared If you like this Circle, please share this post and Circle. If you want to be in the next #circle, share this circle and post a comment here!#Britadmintration #untiBerlin #Conference #Berlin #Conferenchelin #– #an #important #event #sex #politicafutur #n #ethnigroups #It #conveneby #KinLeopolI #Belgium #anattendeby #European #powers #that #laiclaim #n #terriries #It #sought #brinan #en #Scramblfor #by #European #powers #by #agreeinon #politicadivion #anspheres #influency #set #up #politicadivions2015-04-27 07:58:35379236
Irina “Adios” Sadokhina52,936Hello my dear friends!!!This is my weekly #mondaycircle. This #circle   is very important for me because there are people who were with me last time, commented my funny pics, and just made me happy. Also, there are people who RE-shared my last #mondaycircle. Thank you so much for this!!! And I would like to ask you Re-share this awesome circle  on your stream, please. If you wanna be included in my next#mondaycircle  just:1) plus2)re-share!!!Thank you. You all have a wonderful week.Make sure you share the original version!#кругляши #обмен   #круги   #crazycircles  #hyperball  #circlescirclescircles   #circleoftheweek  #CircleSharing#Circle#SharedCircles#CircleOfTheDay#круглим#GooglePlusTips#SharedPublicCircles#CircleOfTheDayGoogle+#Google#EliteInnerCircle#PublicCircle#AddCircle#Гугл#Marketing#teamelitecircle#SocialMedia#HearingAids#SocialMediaMarketing#dontconfusethecircles#TeamElite#Engagers#Shared#ГуглПлюс #Делюськругом 2015-04-20 14:57:224696613
Irina “Adios” Sadokhina52,361Hello my dear friends!!!This is my weekly #mondaycircle . This #circle is very important for me because there are people who were with me last time, commented my funny pics, and just made me happy. Also, there are people who RE-shared my last #mondaycircle . Thank you so much for this!!! And I would like to ask you Re-share this awesome circle  on your stream, please. If you wanna be included in my next #mondaycircle , just:1) plus2)re-share!!!Thank you. You all have a wonderful week.Make sure you share the original version!#кругляши #обмен   #круги   #crazycircles  #hyperball  #circlescirclescircles   #circleoftheweek  #CircleSharing#Circle#SharedCircles#CircleOfTheDay#круглим#GooglePlusTips#SharedPublicCircles#CircleOfTheDayGoogle+#Google#EliteInnerCircle#PublicCircle#AddCircle#Гугл#Marketing#teamelitecircle#SocialMedia#HearingAids#SocialMediaMarketing#dontconfusethecircles#TeamElite#Engagers#Shared#ГуглПлюс 2015-04-13 08:29:44468869
Bruno Bolognese16,471This circle contains people who are very active on Google+If you received a notification, please reshare to your circlesIf you’d like to be added to the next circle share: • +1 this circle • Share this circle to PUBLIC • Include me in your circles • Comment on this post #reshare   #supercirle   #circleshared   #cirles   #goodpeople   #circleoftheday  2015-04-10 22:02:37388002
Singularity Utopia5,944I've noticed some people doing #sharedcircles recently on G+, which was a handy thing when I first started using G+, thus for newcomers here is my contribution. This circle includes a mixture of people and pages. The general theme is science, technology, thinkers; people who may have a #Singularity interest.2015-04-09 10:20:04273000
SJR Gamer144SHARED CIRCLE 2shared circle,  add circle , +1 circle !!compartilhando circulo 2adicionar circulo (para ter mais amigos), compartilhar circuloVamos fazer amizades, ver bons posts!!   #sharedcircle #sharedcircleoftheday #circleshared #circleshapesmonday #circle  2015-04-09 07:47:27501827
Ruta a la Patagonia25,964┊ ☆ ┊☆ ┊ ☆ ┊Great Friends v41 CIRCLE  ┊ ☆ ┊☆ ┊☆┊_________________________________________________●❈●❈●❉●  Please Share From The Original Post! ●❈●❈●❉●▼▼▼▼ CLICK READ MORE FOR FULL CONTENT ▼▼▼▼*This is the Great Friends v41 Google Plus CircleIf you want to participate please kindly frollow the following rules::-)1. Add me to your circles if you haven´t done it already2. Share this circle to Public3. Plus or coment this post so we know you wish to participate in upcoming circlesPlease note: ● You must be an active Google+ user and shares useful content.● Your posts must be family-friendly. No adult, gambling, controversial, politics, religion blogs.Have a nice day!Your blogging friends of: +Ruta a la Patagonia  De camino al Sur el mejor hotel  para alojarte sobre ruta 5, antes de Santa Rosa La Pampa, esta en Trenque Lauquen: +Hotel Howard Johnson Trenque Lauquen Sobre ruta, con amplio parque, pileta climatizada, estacionamiento, wifi, restobar y mucho mas. Ya sea que vayas de camino a Bariloche, San Martin de los Andes, Villa la Angostura o cualquier otro destino de la cordillera o de la costa de la patagonia (por ruta 33).Consultanos en: www.hjtrenquelauquen.com.ar2015-04-06 11:57:57500172322
Ruta a la Patagonia25,046 ┊ ☆ ┊☆ ┊ ☆ ┊Patagonian Gems v20 CIRCLE  ┊ ☆ ┊☆ ┊☆┊_______________________________________________●❈●❈●❉●  Please Share From The Original Post! ●❈●❈●❉●▼▼▼▼ CLICK READ MORE FOR FULL CONTENT ▼▼▼▼*This is the Patagonian Gems v20 Google Plus CircleIf you want to participate please kindly frollow the following rules::-)1. Add me to your circles if you haven´t done it already2. Share this circle to Public3. Plus or coment this post so we know you wish to participate in upcoming circlesPlease note: ● You must be an active Google+ user and shares useful content.● Your posts must be family-friendly. No adult, gambling, controversial, politics, religion blogs.Have a nice day!Your blogging friends of: +Ruta a la Patagonia  De camino al Sur el mejor hotel  para alojarte sobre ruta 5, antes de Santa Rosa La Pampa, esta en Trenque Lauquen:+Hotel Howard Johnson Trenque Lauquen Sobre ruta, con amplio parque, pileta climatizada, estacionamiento, wifi, restobar y mucho mas. Ya sea que vayas de camino a Bariloche, San Martin de los Andes, Villa la Angostura o cualquier otro destino de la cordillera o de la costa de la patagonia (por ruta 33).Consultanos en: www.hjtrenquelauquen.com.ar2015-03-30 20:46:4849915922
Михаил Пушкарев973#ActiveUsers #Add #AddCircle #AddFriends #AddMeToYour #AddPeople #artcircles #artistcircle #AuthorCircle #AutoFollow #AutoFollowBack #Awesome #AwesomeArt #AwesomeCircle #awesomecircle #awesomecircles #AwesomeDay #AwesomeFace #AwesomePeople #AwesomePublick #AwesomePublickCircle #AwesomeSauce #beautiful #BeautifulPhotographs #BeautifulPictures #belarus #Best #bestcircle #bestengagers #bestgoogleplususers #bestofgoogleplus #bestofgoogleplus #BestShared #BestSharedCircle #BestSnowball #BlackSndwhitePhotography #blogger #bloggers 2015-03-30 16:22:50500457
Alessandro Folghera59,960#TopEngagers   #SocialFriends   #GooglePlusFriends   #SharedCircleThese are the most interesting and reactive #engagers  of Google Plus among my #circles. Include them if you want to boost your #googleauthorship  and net popularity. To be included in my weekly share, just:1 - Engage me2 - Do +1 t the post3 - Comment the post and give me the category you would prefer to belong (marketing, seo, photography, fashion ...)4 - Include the circle among your circles5 - Share the circle (include yourself)#sharedcircle #trustinme  #circlesharing   #circleshare        #circles        #circleoftheday   #sharedpubliccircles     #sharedcircles    #share  #vipsnowballcircle #sharedcircleoftheday   #folghera         #sharewithyou        #circlefriday   #circlethursday  #followme     #followers #followback #circle #googleplus    #coolpeople  #circleshare #sharedcircles     #sharedcircle  #sharedcircles       #sharedpubliccircles    2015-03-16 08:47:12501000
Irina Sadokhina49,862Hello my dear friends!!!This is my weekly #mondaycircle . This #circle  is very important for me because there are people who were with me last time, commented my funny pics, and just made me happy. Also, there are people who RE-shared my last #mondaycircle. Thank you so much for this!!! And I would like to ask you Re-share this awesome circle  on your stream, please. If you wanna be included in my next #mondaycircle:1) plus2)re-share!!!Thank you. You all have a wonderful week.Make sure you share the original version!#круглим #кругляши #обмен   #круги   #crazycircles  #hyperball  #circlescirclescircles   #circleoftheweek  #CircleSharing#Circle#SharedCircles#CircleOfTheDay#GooglePlusTips#SharedPublicCircles#CircleOfTheDayGoogle+#Google#EliteInnerCircle#PublicCircle#AddCircle#Гугл#Marketing#teamelitecircle#SocialMedia#HearingAids#SocialMediaMarketing#dontconfusethecircles#TeamElite#Engagers#Shared#ГуглПлюс 2015-03-16 08:20:004687813
Jayant Khoshiya18,343 +Jayant yadavhttps://plus.google.com/+JayantYadav #circle #circles #circleshare #circleshares #circleshared #circlesharing #circleoftheday #circleoftheweek #follow #followme #followers #following #authicle #authiclecircleshare #authiclecircle #authiclevol45  #public #publiccircle #sharedcircles   #sharedcircle #morefollowers #sharingcircles #sharedpubliccircles #sharedpublicircles #sharedcircle #photography #photographer #bestphotographer #topphotographer #AddCircle #FindCircles #awesome #AwesomePeople #AwesomeCircle #addmetoyourcircles #addcircle #addpeople 2015-03-13 11:18:23463000
Ercan Çakir8,539 EasyConnect Circle V.10If you receive this, you are in this Circle. To continue or wish to join, please complete 1-3 below.1. Add me ( +ercan çakır )  to your circles, if you haven't done so already.2. +1 this circle.3. Publicly share this circle to public.4. Comment to inform me that you have done the above three things. Please note that all the 3 steps are important to remain in the Circle.This circle contains people who are very active on Google+. These are people who will plus, share and comment on your posts. This is a good circle to connect with each other and make new friends. -----------------Always publicly share my original shared circle.LINK TO THE ORIGINAL SHARED CIRCLEhttps://plus.google.com/104413112404830717243/posts/JiKD1AU4qYJ-----------------IMPORTANTThere were some members who did not follow me back inspite of the fact that I included them in my Circle. I am sorry, I have excluded such members from the Circle.Note 1. Please write me, if you feel that you should have been included.2. Please send me a private note if you want to be removed from this Circle.-----------------#circle  #circleshare  #circlesharing  #circles  #sharedcircles  #sharedpubliccircles  #sharedcircleoftheday  #shared   #circle                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          #EasyConnectCircle#AddCircle                                                             2015-03-13 07:45:084623517
Share My Circle4,890A circle to be shared...2015-03-09 23:24:55344000
Harry Day15,304If You recieve this message You are included in circle !!!To get in, and to ensure you stay in #thebestfriends  circle you need to do the following:1. Include me in your circles...!!!2.  Add the circle if you can, if not try again later.3. Plus this post...!!4. Publicly share this circle...!!5. Leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above...!!!*#photography  #circlesharingforthepeopleplc #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #ireland #ireland #cork #ireland #dublin #italy #italy #florence #italy #milan #italy #naples #italy #rome #italy #venice #latvia #latvia #riga #lithuania #lithuania #vilnius #netherlands #netherlands #amsterdam #netherlands #rotterdam #norway #norway #bergen #norway #oslo 2015-03-05 07:34:58490333549
Robert Best2,685Google+ Relevance CircleWhat people of "relevance" do we have in common? Care to share?This big shared circle contains my most "relevant" circles according to G+. It also only contains people/profiles who post publicly (Either occasionally or prolifically).Do you recognize others in the list? (I think the probability is high)As far as I know, the visual beside the "Add people" button below shows you the 8 people from this circle who are most "relevant" to you. Also, if you click that add people button, the list inside is ordered by "relevance".Some people in this circle I know very well... others I haven't met at all (Besides interfacing with what they share publicly on G+) I'm curious, what circles do we share of high relevance? Give a few people shout outs! Let's have a random chat.You were likely notified of this post... I normally don't share to any of my specific circles, so as to avoid sending out unwanted notifications... But since I have you and your attention here... HELLO! Have we talked before? Why do you think I have you circled? What's of relevance for you? (Besides people on G+) If we do know each other... Have we been in touch lately? If not, let's please catch up!2015-03-03 01:03:39455111
Irina Sadokhina48,820Hello my dear friends!!!This is my weekly #mondaycircle. This #circle is very important for me because there are people who were with me last time, commented my funny pics, and just made me happy. Also, there are people who RE-shared my last #mondaycircle. Thank you so much for this!!! And I would like to ask you Re-share this awesome circle  on your stream, please. If you wanna be included in my next #mondaycircle  just:1) plus2)re-share!!!Thank you. You all have a wonderful week.Make sure you share the original version!#круглим #кругляши #обмен   #круги   #crazycircles  #hyperball  #circlescirclescircles   #circleoftheweek  #CircleSharing#Circle#SharedCircles#CircleOfTheDay#GooglePlusTips#SharedPublicCircles#CircleOfTheDayGoogle+#Google#EliteInnerCircle#PublicCircle#AddCircle#Гугл#Marketing#teamelitecircle#SocialMedia#HearingAids#SocialMediaMarketing#dontconfusethecircles#TeamElite#Engagers#Shared#ГуглПлюс 2015-03-02 09:48:444667356104
Bintri martanti316 Circle share with new friendsHi friends follow this circle1 - Include me in your circles2 - Share the circle (Publicly)3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.I will thankful if you plus and share this circle!2015-02-28 18:03:4042410712
Harry Day14,952If You recieve this message You are included in circle !!!To get in, and to ensure you stay in #thebestfriends  circle you need to do the following:1. Include me in your circles...!!!2.  Add the circle if you can, if not try again later.3. Plus this post...!!4. Publicly share this circle...!!5. Leave a comment on this circle so I know you have done the three steps above...!!!*#photography  #circlesharingforthepeopleplc #sharedcircles #sharedpubliccircles #ireland #ireland #cork #ireland #dublin #italy #italy #florence #italy #milan #italy #naples #italy #rome #italy #venice #latvia #latvia #riga #lithuania #lithuania #vilnius #netherlands #netherlands #amsterdam #netherlands #rotterdam #norway #norway #bergen #norway #oslo 2015-02-28 07:23:54423635667
motorcycleupdate0FOLLOW ME TO GET MORE CIRCLE AND FOLLOWER HERE http://goo.gl/3hNs5L    #HarleyDavidson    #Bike    #Motorbike    #BIKER    #Yamaha    #DirtBike    #Eyewear    #Goggles    #Black    #Motocross    #Sunglasses    #Size    #Diamond    #Jewelry    #Helmet    #Ring    #Necklace    #Cars    #Helmets    #Racing2015-02-24 03:46:41465234
Irina Sadokhina48,115Hello my dear friends!!!This is my weekly #mondaycircle. This #circle   is very important for me because there are people who were with me last time, commented my funny pics, and just made me happy. Also, there are people who RE-shared my last #mondaycircle . Thank you so much for this!!! And I would like to ask you Re-share this awesome circle  on your stream, please. If you wanna be included in my next#mondaycircle just:1) plus2)re-share!!!Thank you. You all have a wonderful week.Make sure you share the original version!#круглим #кругляши #обмен   #круги   #crazycircles  #hyperball  #circlescirclescircles   #circleoftheweek  #CircleSharing#Circle#SharedCircles#CircleOfTheDay#GooglePlusTips#SharedPublicCircles#CircleOfTheDayGoogle+#Google#EliteInnerCircle#PublicCircle#AddCircle#Гугл#Marketing#teamelitecircle#SocialMedia#HearingAids#SocialMediaMarketing#dontconfusethecircles#TeamElite#Engagers#Shared#ГуглПлюс 2015-02-23 15:32:56465697194
Circles and Photography37,553Builders 3  2.17.15Add this circle to Build-up your G+ network! Please ReShare.#circleoftheday #circleshare  #circlesharing     #circlesharingforthepeopleplc #sharedcircles     #sharedpubliccircles #sharedcircleoftheday #sharedcircleday   #publiccirclesproject #publiccircles #publicsharedcircles       #sharedpublicircles  #circle  2015-02-18 05:01:13318010
Max Spenser2,826Max Cool People Circle, by +Max Spenser You are in this circle if you got a notification. Here are some good people to follow on google plus! They are cool people. #circleshare #circle #sharedcircleoftheday 2015-02-17 15:25:13470317
Irina Sadokhina47,760Hello my dear friends!!!This is my weekly #mondaycircle. This #circle is very important for me because there are people who were with me last time, commented my funny pics, and just made me happy. Also, there are people who RE-shared my last #mondaycircle. Thank you so much for this!!! And I would like to ask you Re-share this awesome circle  on your stream, please. If you wanna be included in my next #mondaycircle, just:1) plus2)re-share!!!Thank you. You all have a wonderful week.Make sure you share the original version!#круглим #кругляши #обмен   #круги   #crazycircles  #hyperball  #circlescirclescircles   #circleoftheweek  #CircleSharing#Circle#SharedCircles#CircleOfTheDay#GooglePlusTips#SharedPublicCircles#CircleOfTheDayGoogle+#Google#EliteInnerCircle#PublicCircle#AddCircle#Гугл#Marketing#teamelitecircle#SocialMedia#HearingAids#SocialMediaMarketing#dontconfusethecircles#TeamElite#Engagers#Shared#ГуглПлюс 2015-02-16 10:52:04465655694
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:45:29474014
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:45:12474014
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:44:48474003
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:44:27474002
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:43:52474003
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:43:28474002
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:43:05474000
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:41:32474002
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:40:58474002
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:40:42474002
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:32:22474000
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:31:58474000
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:31:34474000
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:30:39474000
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:30:17474000
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:29:50474002
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:29:26474000
Đỏ Sen2,178Circle active share, follower, +, comment  strong.Vòng kết nối  - Vòng liên kết này là vòng tròn gồm những người chuyên kết bạn với nhau để tăng share, like, + và follower, comment cho nhau.#Circle #Circles #CircleShare #VòngKếtNối #VòngLiênKết #VòngTrònKếtNối #CircleSharing #SharedCircles #SharingCircles #SharedPublicCircles #SharedCircleOfTheDay #Share #Shared #Followers #Follower #AddCircles #PublicSharedCircles #AddPeople #AddCircle #AddFriends2015-02-04 09:26:19478315
Irina “Adios” Sadokhina47,148Hello my dear friends!!!This is my weekly #mondaycircle. This #circle is very important for me because there are people who were with me last time, commented my funny pics, and just made me happy. Also, there are people who RE-shared my last #mondaycircle. Thank you so much for this!!! And I would like to ask you Re-share this awesome circle  on your stream, please. If you wanna be included in my next#mondaycircle:1) plus2)re-share!!!Thank you. You all have a wonderful week.Make sure you share the original version!#круглим #кругляши #обмен   #круги   #crazycircles  #hyperball  #circlescirclescircles   #circleoftheweek  #CircleSharing#Circle#SharedCircles#CircleOfTheDay#GooglePlusTips#SharedPublicCircles#CircleOfTheDayGoogle+#Google#EliteInnerCircle#PublicCircle#AddCircle#Гугл#Marketing#teamelitecircle#SocialMedia#HearingAids#SocialMediaMarketing#dontconfusethecircles#TeamElite#Engagers#Shared#ГуглПлюс 2015-02-02 13:53:47466695496
Neil Bailey9,272If you received the notice you are in this circle, then well done.If you would like to be included in the next Circle Share, you only have to do these simple steps:1 - Include me in your circles (If you haven't already)2 - Share the circle (Publicly) - (cc) me in the comments on the share and I can add you to the next circle immediately. Otherwise I may not notice your activity!3 - Add +1 to the post.4 - Leave a comment if you like.5 - Add the circle or just check it out.Follow your dreams, Share and Be Shared.More you share more you get! :)Thanks!#circles #Botswana  #krabi #thailand #phuket #vietnam #vietnam #hanoi #vietnam #ho_chi_minh_city #ahrain #iran #iran #tehran #iraq #iraq #baghdad #iraq #basra #israel #israel #tel_aviv #jordan #jordan #amman #kuwait #lebanon #lebanon #beirut #oman #oman #muscat #qatar #qatar #doha #saudi_arabia 2015-02-02 10:24:37450654496
vivek vats0http://www.patialajokes.com/#growthcircle   #circleshare   #CircleSharing  #Circle#CircleOfTheDay #SharedCircles #SharedPublicCircles #Circles2015-01-30 11:35:32132526

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2015-04-01 06:06:46 (69 comments, 115 reshares, 360 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Apple Was Founded, 1976
On April 1, 1976 — 39 years ago today — Apple was founded as a personal computer manufacturer by Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs, and Ronald Wayne. Wozniak and Jobs had met 5 years earlier, and they both shared an interest in technology that empowered individuals (and a joy of playing pranks on people). Jobs recognized that Wozniak had the skills required to build a personal computer and persuaded Wozniak to partner in an effort to develop and market such computers. Showing early signs of business ingenuity, Jobs convinced a local computer store to place an order for 50 personal computers, payable upon delivery. Next, Jobs went to a national electronic parts supplier; and, using the purchase order as a form of verifiable credit, Jobs ordered the components needed for Wozniak to assemble the personal computers. Without any money, without any investors, Jobshad... altro »

Most reshares: 115

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2015-04-01 06:06:46 (69 comments, 115 reshares, 360 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Apple Was Founded, 1976
On April 1, 1976 — 39 years ago today — Apple was founded as a personal computer manufacturer by Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs, and Ronald Wayne. Wozniak and Jobs had met 5 years earlier, and they both shared an interest in technology that empowered individuals (and a joy of playing pranks on people). Jobs recognized that Wozniak had the skills required to build a personal computer and persuaded Wozniak to partner in an effort to develop and market such computers. Showing early signs of business ingenuity, Jobs convinced a local computer store to place an order for 50 personal computers, payable upon delivery. Next, Jobs went to a national electronic parts supplier; and, using the purchase order as a form of verifiable credit, Jobs ordered the components needed for Wozniak to assemble the personal computers. Without any money, without any investors, Jobshad... altro »

Most plusones: 364

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2015-04-24 12:59:53 (36 comments, 68 reshares, 364 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Hubble Space Telescope Launched, 1990
On April 24, 1990 — 25 years ago today — the Hubble Space Telescope was launched into space by the Space Shuttle Discovery. The telescope was secured in the shuttle’s cargo bay. On April 25, 1990, the Discovery crew, using the space shuttle arm, deployed the Hubble telescope into orbit. Hubble travels in a nearly circular orbit around the Earth every 97 minutes, about  343 miles (552 kilometers) above the Earth’s surface. In its 25 years in orbit, Hubble has orbited the Earth over 135,000 times!

Hubble is one of NASA’s Great Observatories, along with the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, the Chandra X-Ray Observatory, and the Spitzer Space Telescope. The Hubble Telescope was named after astronomer Edwin Hubble, who first confirmed by observations from an Earth-based optical telescope that the Universe was expanding. TheHubble Spa... altro »

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2015-05-04 04:19:33 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

Today in History: First Planetary Probe Launched from Space Shuttle, 1989
On May 4, 1989 — 26 years ago today — the Magellan spacecraft was launched from the cargo bay of the Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS-30) on a trajectory to a Venus orbit to conduct radar mapping of Venus. A spring mechanism in the cargo bay sent Magellan on a slow launch until it was about 400-500 feet (120-125 meters) from Atlantis, when the crew of Atlantis activated Magellan’s solid rocket motor and sent it on its way to Venus. 

Magellan was the first planetary probe to be launched by a space shuttle. It was built partially with back-up space parts from other spacecraft and weighed 7,612 pounds (3,460 kilograms) at launch. Magellan arrived at Venus and was inserted into an orbit of Venus on August 10, 1990. 

Although the surface temperature of Venus is about 900° F (about 480° C), Venus issimilar t... altro »

Today in History: First Planetary Probe Launched from Space Shuttle, 1989
On May 4, 1989 — 26 years ago today — the Magellan spacecraft was launched from the cargo bay of the Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS-30) on a trajectory to a Venus orbit to conduct radar mapping of Venus. A spring mechanism in the cargo bay sent Magellan on a slow launch until it was about 400-500 feet (120-125 meters) from Atlantis, when the crew of Atlantis activated Magellan’s solid rocket motor and sent it on its way to Venus. 

Magellan was the first planetary probe to be launched by a space shuttle. It was built partially with back-up space parts from other spacecraft and weighed 7,612 pounds (3,460 kilograms) at launch. Magellan arrived at Venus and was inserted into an orbit of Venus on August 10, 1990. 

Although the surface temperature of Venus is about 900° F (about 480° C), Venus is similar to Earth in size and scientists believe it can teach us about Earth’s history and inform us what we must do on Earth to avoid the temperature fate of Venus.

YouTube videos:
•Magellan Probe 1989 Deployment (length 00:57). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HBqEVCkEkoY
•Space Shuttle STS-30 Atlantis Magellan Venus Probe pt1-2 Post-flight Press Conference 1989 NASA (length 09:13). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=76zY-E2_jxg
•Space Shuttle STS-30 Atlantis Magellan Venus Probe pt2-2 Post-flight Press Conference 1989 NASA (length 07:40). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IM8gWxtD6Ao

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magellan_%28spacecraft%29
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/STS-30
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inertial_Upper_Stage
•http://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/magellan/
•http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/magellan.html
•http://astrosociety.org/edu/publications/tnl/18/18.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_missions_to_Venus

Book sources:
• Venus: Magellan Explores Our Twin Planet (A Voyage Into Space Book) by Franklyn M. Branley. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0060203846/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0060203846&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=6E4RIWNAZVUT36H4
• The Scientific Exploration of Venus by Fredric W. Taylor. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1107023483/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1107023483&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=3VSRSHQTCZIDVCRK
• The Space Shuttle: Celebrating Thirty Years of NASA’s First Space Plane by Piers Bizony. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0760339414/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0760339414&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=2CHQKZFWJ2CQ7GCR

Image credits:
•Top: Magellan deployment from Space Shuttle Atlantis cargo bay. NASA
•Bottom left to right: 
*Close up of the Magellan spacecraft in the Atlantis cargo bay. NASA
*Space Shuttle STS-30 Atlantis launch on May 4, 1989. NASA
*Crew of Space Shuttle STS-30 Atlantis that launched Magellan. From left to right: Ronald J. Grabe, pilot; David M. Walker, commander; and mission specialists Norman E. Thagard, Mary L. Cleave, and Mark C. Lee. 

#history #Magellan #Venus #Atlantis___

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2015-05-03 10:12:45 (1 comments, 3 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

Should businesses be paying Google a Customer Service fee?
To get an answer to your problem, try googling it. That usually works. Haha.

Take your time and press.
Greetz.
wim.___Should businesses be paying Google a Customer Service fee?
To get an answer to your problem, try googling it. That usually works. Haha.

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2015-05-03 02:02:08 (4 comments, 3 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Kentucky Derby First Televised Nationally
On May 3, 1952 — 63 years ago today — the Kentucky Derby horse race was televised for the first time. The Kentucky Derby is held each year on the first Saturday in May, and has become known as “the most exciting two minutes in sports.” The race takes place at Churchill Downs, named for John and Henry Churchill, who donated land for the racetrack in the early 1870’s. Money was raised for a jockey club and the racing facilities by Meriwether Lewis Clark, Jr., the grandson of William Clark of the famous Lewis and Clark expedition. This year’s running of the 1-¼ mile (2 kilometers) race is the 141st in history.

YouTube videos:
•Run for the Roses: History of the Kentucky Derby (length 55:42). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5AyP5_vqioE
•Churchill Downs: There’s no place like it (length 03:08).https://www.youtub... altro »

Today in History: Kentucky Derby First Televised Nationally
On May 3, 1952 — 63 years ago today — the Kentucky Derby horse race was televised for the first time. The Kentucky Derby is held each year on the first Saturday in May, and has become known as “the most exciting two minutes in sports.” The race takes place at Churchill Downs, named for John and Henry Churchill, who donated land for the racetrack in the early 1870’s. Money was raised for a jockey club and the racing facilities by Meriwether Lewis Clark, Jr., the grandson of William Clark of the famous Lewis and Clark expedition. This year’s running of the 1-¼ mile (2 kilometers) race is the 141st in history.

YouTube videos:
•Run for the Roses: History of the Kentucky Derby (length 55:42). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5AyP5_vqioE
•Churchill Downs: There’s no place like it (length 03:08). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xG7uxQ5FUr0
•The Kentucky Derby: Greatest Moments (length 51:02). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zieGI0jyOUU

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kentucky_Derby
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Kentucky_Derby_broadcasters
•http://www.cnn.com/2013/09/28/us/kentucky-derby-fast-facts/
•http://www.churchilldowns.com/about/history
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Churchill_Downs
•http://www.kentuckyderby.com/

Book sources:
• The Kentucky Derby: How the Run for the Roses Became America’s Premier Sporting Event by James C. Nicholson. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0813135761/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0813135761&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5CZ7AVTJVT6YDAVO
• Churchill Downs: America’s Most Historic Racetrack by Kimberly Gatto. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1596298871/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1596298871&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=Y4WRQLZVH26XRTTY
• History of Horse Racing: First Past the Post: Champion Thoroughbreds, Owners, Trainers and Jockeys (illustrated with 220 drawings, paintings, and photographs) by John Carter. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0754826570/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0754826570&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=7F3MAZF3KQPBEFWQ

Image credits:
•Top: Frame from “The Kentucky Derby: Greatest Moments (length 51:02)” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zieGI0jyOUU at 00:26
•Bottom: See Google Maps (Churchill Downs, KY)

#history   #horseracing  #television___

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2015-05-02 09:46:53 (1 comments, 7 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Microsoft Excel Introduced, 1985
On May 2, 1985 — 30 years ago today — a 10-year old Microsoft Corporation introduced a new spreadsheet application, Excel 1.0. Excel was primarily developed by Douglas Klunder (who is now a privacy activist for the American Civil Liberties Union in Washington state). Excel was a new Microsoft brand name for an enhanced “Multiplan,” the earlier Microsoft spreadsheet package built to compete with the first spreadsheet program, Visicalc, for personal computers. At the time of Excel’s introduction, Lotus 1-2-3 (made by Lotus Development Corporation, co-founded by Mitch Kapor and Jonathan Sachs) had become the dominant spreadsheet package on the market, replacing the original Visicalc as the most used personal computer “killer app.”

Over the 1985-1995 period, Excel continued to improve with new releases, as did Lotus 1-2-3.The Lotus Dev... altro »

Today in History: Microsoft Excel Introduced, 1985
On May 2, 1985 — 30 years ago today — a 10-year old Microsoft Corporation introduced a new spreadsheet application, Excel 1.0. Excel was primarily developed by Douglas Klunder (who is now a privacy activist for the American Civil Liberties Union in Washington state). Excel was a new Microsoft brand name for an enhanced “Multiplan,” the earlier Microsoft spreadsheet package built to compete with the first spreadsheet program, Visicalc, for personal computers. At the time of Excel’s introduction, Lotus 1-2-3 (made by Lotus Development Corporation, co-founded by Mitch Kapor and Jonathan Sachs) had become the dominant spreadsheet package on the market, replacing the original Visicalc as the most used personal computer “killer app.”

Over the 1985-1995 period, Excel continued to improve with new releases, as did Lotus 1-2-3. The Lotus Development Corporation also offered other productivity packages for business. But because Excel was made to work on MS-Windows and then became part of MS-Office, Excel was becoming the dominant spreadsheet package. In 1995, IBM acquired Lotus 1-2-3 by buying Lotus Development Corporation in order to compete in this market with Microsoft. As new versions of Microsoft Windows and Office emerged, Excel’s popularity grew while Lotus 1-2-3 slowly lost market share and eventually IBM ended its Lotus Software brand in 2013.

YouTube videos:
•The Computer Chronicles — Spreadsheet Wars (length 28:10). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eAiZBUYNUBA

Vimeo video:
•Protecting Civil Liberties in the Digital Age (length 44:45). https://vimeo.com/42900045 [Doug Klinder, prime developer of Multiplan/Excel at Microsoft, participates in a panel discussion—not about spreadsheets, but ramifications of data from spreadsheets on privacy]

Web sources:
•https://books.google.com/books?id=4y4EAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA28&lpg=PA28&dq=excel+Microsoft+%22may+2%22&source=bl&ots=WA_wad9XyZ&sig=sHbuRLbP--AbQS95K9Vx5jdEOes&hl=en&sa=X&ei=dZJDVaXCGMLwsAWRooCwBw&ved=0CFoQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=excel%20Microsoft%20%22may%202%22&f=false
•http://dssresources.com/history/sshistory.html
•http://jeanne-sewell.blogspot.com/2013/01/history-of-spreadsheet-software.html
•https://archive.org/details/CC606_spreadsheet_wars
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spreadsheet
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VisiCalc
•http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa010199.htm
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dan_Bricklin
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Frankston
•http://www.bricklin.com/visicalc.htm
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multiplan
•http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2010/12/27/microsoft-excel-the-programs-designer-reveals-the-secrets-behind-the-software-that-changed-the-world-25-years-ago.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lotus_1-2-3
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitch_Kapor
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonathan_Sachs
•http://news.cnet.com/IBM-Finalizes-Lotus-Acquisition/2100-1033_3-205502.html
•http://spreadsheetpage.com/index.php/resource/excel_version_history/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsoft_Excel

Book sources:
• Information Rules: A Strategic Guide to the Network Economy by Carl Shapiro and Hal R. Varian. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/087584863X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=087584863X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=AZCPT7TDJNZLKKON

Image credits:
•Bottom: Bob Frankston and Daniel Bricklin, cofounders of Software Arts Inc. and co-developers of first spreadsheet program for personal computers, Visicalc. http://www.thocp.net/biographies/bricklin_dan.html

#history #Excel #spreadsheets___

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2015-05-01 02:55:46 (0 comments, 2 reshares, 18 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Liberty Bell 7 Found on floor of Atlantic Ocean, 1999
On May 1, 1999 — 16 years ago today and 54 years after its original flight — the second Mercury spacecraft to successfully complete a suborbital mission, Liberty Bell 7, was located 3 miles down at the position on the floor of the Atlantic Ocean where it had accidentally sunk back on July 21, 1961. 

The Liberty Bell 7 flew on NASA’s second manned mission into space — a suborbital flight by astronaut Virgil I. (“Gus”) Grissom. The flight lasted but 15-½ minutes, reaching an altitude of more than 100 nautical miles (190 kilometers), and landed in the Atlantic Ocean. The mission went perfectly until just after “splashdown” — when the capsule’s hatch cover, which had been newly designed to release by a controlled explosion, accidently blew off and a torrent of water flooded the capsule. Grissomescaped into the ocea... altro »

Today in History: Liberty Bell 7 Found on floor of Atlantic Ocean, 1999
On May 1, 1999 — 16 years ago today and 54 years after its original flight — the second Mercury spacecraft to successfully complete a suborbital mission, Liberty Bell 7, was located 3 miles down at the position on the floor of the Atlantic Ocean where it had accidentally sunk back on July 21, 1961. 

The Liberty Bell 7 flew on NASA’s second manned mission into space — a suborbital flight by astronaut Virgil I. (“Gus”) Grissom. The flight lasted but 15-½ minutes, reaching an altitude of more than 100 nautical miles (190 kilometers), and landed in the Atlantic Ocean. The mission went perfectly until just after “splashdown” — when the capsule’s hatch cover, which had been newly designed to release by a controlled explosion, accidently blew off and a torrent of water flooded the capsule. Grissom escaped into the ocean, but his spacesuit began filling with water and making it very difficult for him to stay afloat. While the recovery helicopter tried in vain to prevent Grissom’s capsule from sinking, Grissom was frantically waving and trying to signal that he was also drowning. Finally, the first helicopter that was showing signs of motor strain let the capsule sink; and a second helicopter moved in to rescue Grissom.

The Liberty Bell 7 sank to a depth of about 3 miles and remained there for decades until a dedicated team of space historians made a concerted effort to locate the capsule and retrieve it in 1999. On this day, May 1 (1999), the capsule was spotted by underwater robot and its location was properly recorded; but it wasn’t until the anniversary of the Moon landing on July 20 that Liberty Bell 7 was finally recovered (and 38 years from the eve of the Liberty Bell’s mission).

YouTube videos:
•In Search of Liberty Bell 7 (1/10) (length: 08:23). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v4ZdZDvx4-o
•In Search of Liberty Bell 7 (2/10) (length 09:50). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KEScKHrqZ1Q
•In Search of Liberty Bell 7 (3/10) (length 09:26). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ra9McuRODlQ
•In Search of Liberty Bell 7 (4/10) (length 10:18). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=68SZGOiWqCo
•In Search of Liberty Bell 7 (5/10) (length 10:57). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qIvamlDwsRM
•In Search of Liberty Bell 7 (6/10) (length 09:36). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=78izAxpHSOI
•In Search of Liberty Bell 7 (7/10) (length 08:35). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LD0M4Op5_Q8
•In Search of Liberty Bell 7 (8/10) (length 09:57). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lmlAmDRNk40
•In Search of Liberty Bell 7 (9/10) (length 06:27). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pkzZ-3q1zAM
•In Search of Liberty Bell 7 (10/10) (length 09:47). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FI-Y3fpQ_30
•Launch of Liberty Bell 7—CBS (length 02:51). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VyeclM9T1sE

Web sources:
•http://www.cnn.com/TECH/space/9907/20/grissom.capsule.01/
•http://www.science20.com/science_20/gus_grissom_and_liberty_bell_7_50_years_ago_today-81075
•http://articles.latimes.com/1999/dec/12/news/mn-43115
•https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2202&dat=19990721&id=rBEmAAAAIBAJ&sjid=u_0FAAAAIBAJ&pg=6801,1790315&hl=en
•http://www.cnn.com/TECH/space/9907/20/grissom.capsule.01/
•http://www.space.com/26423-failed-attempt-to-recover-liberty-bell-7.html
•http://www.sfgate.com/news/article/Mystery-Unhatched-A-Kansas-museum-has-new-clues-3312238.php

Book sources:
• Liberty Bell 7: The Suborbital Mercury Flight of Virgil I. Grissom by Colin Burgess. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/3319043900/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=3319043900&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=TJAUHQAQUC2SWFPO
• Lost Spacecraft: The Search for Liberty Bell 7 by Curt Newport. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1896522882/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1896522882&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=RL6UMCJS7RQQMILO

Image credits:
•Top Left: Gus Grissom climbing into Liberty Bell 7 on the launch pad, July 21, 1961. NASA
•Top Right: Liberty Bell 7 — moment of lift-off, July 21, 1961. NASA
•Middle Left: Marine helicopter trying in vain to save Liberty Bell 7 as it fills with water. NASA
•Middle Right: Marine helicopter lifting a tired Gus Grissom to safety after his space suit had filled with water and he had almost drowned. NASA
•Bottom Left: Liberty Bell 7 first photographed on Atlantic Ocean floor on May 1, 1999 from the Magellan robot. [Frame from videos above.]
•Bottom Right: Liberty Bell 7 after $250,000 restoration at the Kansas Cosmosphere and Space Center.

#history #LibertyBell7 #MercuryProgram___

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2015-04-30 05:07:35 (0 comments, 4 reshares, 25 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Royalty-Free Web Was Officially Born
On April 30, 1993 — 22 years ago today — the World Wide Web Was officially born for all Internet users when CERN (the Center for European Nuclear Research) put the Web software in the public domain. On the very next release of the software, CERN made it available with an open license, because it wanted to maximize its dissemination and use. 

To be sure, other dates are frequently cited as the birth of the Web. And why not? Its birth is worth celebrating as often as possible, hey?

• March 12, 1989 — Tim Berners-Lee submits his distributed information proposal to management as CERN. [See: https://plus.google.com/+BradAcker/posts/aB7zmFrmDz7]
• December 20, 1989 — the world’s first website and web server go online at CERN.
• November 13, 1990 — the first web page was created and posted by TimBerners-Lee. [See:... altro »

Today in History: Royalty-Free Web Was Officially Born
On April 30, 1993 — 22 years ago today — the World Wide Web Was officially born for all Internet users when CERN (the Center for European Nuclear Research) put the Web software in the public domain. On the very next release of the software, CERN made it available with an open license, because it wanted to maximize its dissemination and use. 

To be sure, other dates are frequently cited as the birth of the Web. And why not? Its birth is worth celebrating as often as possible, hey?

• March 12, 1989 — Tim Berners-Lee submits his distributed information proposal to management as CERN. [See: https://plus.google.com/+BradAcker/posts/aB7zmFrmDz7]
• December 20, 1989 — the world’s first website and web server go online at CERN.
• November 13, 1990 — the first web page was created and posted by Tim Berners-Lee. [See: https://plus.google.com/+BradAcker/posts/aB7zmFrmDz7]
• January 10, 1991 — the web is extended to the high-energy physics community, and a wide range of research laboratories and universities began to use it.
• August 6, 1991 — Tim Berners-Lee posted a summary of the World Wide Web project on a number of Internet newsgroups. This moment is considered the public debut of the web. [See: https://plus.google.com/+BradAcker/posts/aB7zmFrmDz7]
• December 12, 1991 — the first web server outside of Europe was installed at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center in California.
• April 30, 1993 — CERN released the source code of Berners-Lee hypertext project, the World Wide Web, into the public domain.

And, yes, the Web is not the Internet. The Internet emerged in the late 1950s and 1960s. But the Web and the eventual development of browsers are what have led to the Internet’s phenomenal success as a platform for connecting billions of people instantaneously to one another, gathering and distributing knowledge, and empowering individuals. Billions of people now think of the Web as an inextricable part of modern existence!

YouTube videos:
•www.TheWorldWideWeb.com (length 02:28). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K1bE3OMoGFY
•The Web is not the Net (length 10:54). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=scWj1BMRHUA
•Brief History of the Internet: Ethan Zuckerman (length 06:51). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V2QdEj8UjBc
•How the World Wide Web just happened by Tim Berners-Lee (25:57). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yF5-6AcohQw
•Loic Le Meur interviews Tim Berners-Lee (51:13). https://plus.google.com/+BradAcker/posts/aB7zmFrmDz7

Web sources:
•http://home.web.cern.ch/topics/birth-web
•http://webfoundation.org/about/vision/history-of-the-web/

Book sources:
• Weaving the Web: The Original Design and Ultimate Destiny of the World Wide Web by Tim Berners-Lee. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/006251587X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=006251587X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=6QPXTXUGVXVO6R32

Image:
Bottom Left: Tim Berners-Lee, writer of the original web.

#history #Web #WorldWideWeb #Internet #openweb___

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2015-04-29 06:13:28 (31 comments, 26 reshares, 311 +1s)Open 

Weavesilk.com
Have you seen this online drawing tool? I didn’t know what to do, but the direction said: “Drawing something.” So i did what i do with my mouse to “draw something” and made 2 quick swiggly lines and this is the result! Imagine what you can do if you are an artist. 

Weavesilk.com
Have you seen this online drawing tool? I didn’t know what to do, but the direction said: “Drawing something.” So i did what i do with my mouse to “draw something” and made 2 quick swiggly lines and this is the result! Imagine what you can do if you are an artist. ___

posted image

2015-04-29 05:49:08 (11 comments, 48 reshares, 243 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Cosmonaut and Astronaut Walk Together in Space, 1997
On April 29, 1997 — 18 years ago today — Russian Cosmonaut Vasily Tsibliyev and U.S. Astronaut Jerry Linenger made the first joint Russian-American spacewalk. The major purpose of their walk was to deploy the Advanced Materials Exposure Experiment (AMEE) by installing the Optical Properties Monitor on the outside of the Mir space station and to retrieve the Particle Impact Experiment. Also, the walk marked the first time that an American astronaut wore the Russian-made “Orlan-M” spacesuit.

YouTube videos:
•1997 April 29—First Joint US-Russian Spacewalk (length 03:29). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0l0kSUpt3LA

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mir
•http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/shuttlemissions/archives/sts-84.html•http://www.a... altro »

Today in History: Cosmonaut and Astronaut Walk Together in Space, 1997
On April 29, 1997 — 18 years ago today — Russian Cosmonaut Vasily Tsibliyev and U.S. Astronaut Jerry Linenger made the first joint Russian-American spacewalk. The major purpose of their walk was to deploy the Advanced Materials Exposure Experiment (AMEE) by installing the Optical Properties Monitor on the outside of the Mir space station and to retrieve the Particle Impact Experiment. Also, the walk marked the first time that an American astronaut wore the Russian-made “Orlan-M” spacesuit.

YouTube videos:
•1997 April 29—First Joint US-Russian Spacewalk (length 03:29). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0l0kSUpt3LA

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mir
•http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/shuttlemissions/archives/sts-84.html
•http://www.americaspace.com/?p=75139
•http://www.aztechnology.com/spaceflight-opm.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Mir_spacewalks
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orlan_space_suit
•http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4225/mir/mir.htm
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerry_M._Linenger
•https://docs.google.com/document/d/1hAxS1sRDTmVKE-gDCG7LQ8Jhm_iPWFqO0O6AbwpdGCg/edit
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mir

Book sources:
• The Story of Space Station Mir by David M. Harland. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0387230114/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0387230114&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=7ZFUZ2OCLE67MSTZ 
• Off the Planet: Surviving Five Perilous Months Aboard the Space Station Mir by Jerry Linenger. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/007136112X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=007136112X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=LTHQZYU2K76W7WYP

Image credits:
•Top: Mir Space Station. By NASA [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AMir_Space_Station_viewed_from_Endeavour_during_STS-89.jpg
•Bottom Left: Cosmonaut Vasily Tsibliyev. By NASA Tomhannen at en.wikipedia [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ATsibliyev.jpg
•Bottom Middle: Astronaut Jerry Linenger. By NASA [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJerry_Linenger.jpg
•Bottom Right: Spacewalk of April 29, 1997. NASA.

#history #spacewalk #Mir___

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2015-04-28 05:50:28 (55 comments, 25 reshares, 96 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Apple Opened the iTunes Music Store, 2003
On April 28, 2003 — 12 years ago today — Apple announced “a revolutionary online music store” which could be easily accessed from any Apple device to quickly find, buy, and download music for just 99¢ per song, without any subscription fees. In addition, the iTunes Music Store offered users “groundbreaking” personal user rights — such as burning songs onto an unlimited number of personal use CDs, listening to tunes on an unlimited number of Apple iPods, and playing songs on up to 3 Macintosh computers. Moreover, the tunes could be used in any Mac Application, including iPhoto, iMovie, and iDVD.

Apple moved into the field of music in 2000 when it released its iTunes music management software for Macintoshes and its portable music product, the iPod. With an iPod, a user could download tunes from a Macintosh thathad been uploa... altro »

Today in History: Apple Opened the iTunes Music Store, 2003
On April 28, 2003 — 12 years ago today — Apple announced “a revolutionary online music store” which could be easily accessed from any Apple device to quickly find, buy, and download music for just 99¢ per song, without any subscription fees. In addition, the iTunes Music Store offered users “groundbreaking” personal user rights — such as burning songs onto an unlimited number of personal use CDs, listening to tunes on an unlimited number of Apple iPods, and playing songs on up to 3 Macintosh computers. Moreover, the tunes could be used in any Mac Application, including iPhoto, iMovie, and iDVD.

Apple moved into the field of music in 2000 when it released its iTunes music management software for Macintoshes and its portable music product, the iPod. With an iPod, a user could download tunes from a Macintosh that had been uploaded from previously purchased CDs; also, the user could select which tracks of an uploaded album would be downloaded to the iPod. However, up to this point, there was no way for the user to legally acquire new music online. The Apple iTunes Music Store changed that limitation.

Apple negotiated landmark contracts with the 5 top recording music companies to allow digital versions of their songs to be sold on the iTunes Music Store. The recording companies were reluctant to do so at first, because the Apple approach (pricing of 99¢ and unbundling of albums) was so new and appeared to be giving Apple too much control. However, Jobs was able to convince recording company executives of trying this approach because the new service was only going to be available on the Mactinosh, which made up only 5% of the computer market. If the store turned out to be destructive to the recording companies’ interests, it would only represent a small part of their business. Jobs later said, “I’ve never spent so much of my time trying to convince people to do the right thing for themselves.”

The iTunes Music Store began with 200,000 songs in its purchasable catalog. Today, it has well over 25 million tunes in its catalog and has sold over 40 billion tunes. [Please let me know if you have better data here (with link sources), thanks.]

YouTube videos:
•Steve Jobs introduces iTunes Music Store / Apple Special Event (2003). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S6DX5NaPvk4

Web sources:
•http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2003/04/28Apple-Launches-the-iTunes-Music-Store.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ITunes_Store
•http://www.macworld.com/article/1050112/30moments.html
•http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2015/01/buying-music-is-so-over/384790/
•http://techcrunch.com/2013/02/06/charting-the-itunes-stores-path-to-25-billion-songs-sold-40-billion-apps-downloaded-and-beyond/

Book sources:
• Steve Jobs by Walter Issacson. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B004W2UBYW/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B004W2UBYW&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=NFXTQ5XNQD277R6R
• Becoming Steve Jobs: The Evolution of a Reckless Upstart into a Visionary Leader by Brent Schlender and Rick Tetseli. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00N6PCWY8/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00N6PCWY8&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=GEATQK3VTY7C63TP
• The Digital Rights Movement: The Role of Technology in Subverting Digital Copyright by Hector Postigo. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0262017954/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0262017954&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=CGAUYNQUGDG4VW5K

Image credits:
•Frame from iTune Music Store European launch video.

#history #Apple #iTunes___

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2015-04-27 05:52:37 (2 comments, 4 reshares, 14 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Chernobyl Nuclear Plant Unit #4 Exploded, 1986
On April 26, 1986 — 29 years ago today — Nuclear Reactor #4 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Plant in the Ukraine (at the time under the control of the U.S.S.R.) exploded and released at least 5% of the radioactive core into the atmosphere. One person was killed immediately, and dozens more died in the weeks and months after the explosion from acute radiation syndrome (ARS). The accident was the worst nuclear catastrophe in the history of nuclear technology. 

The Soviet Union took many months to contain the contamination. Robots were required to do containment work, because radiation levels were too high for humans. When robots failed because radiation affected them, humans were used for periods of seconds only to move contaminated items and centralize them so they could be covered with an initial sarcophagus, built to lastappr... altro »

Today in History: Chernobyl Nuclear Plant Unit #4 Exploded, 1986
On April 26, 1986 — 29 years ago today — Nuclear Reactor #4 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Plant in the Ukraine (at the time under the control of the U.S.S.R.) exploded and released at least 5% of the radioactive core into the atmosphere. One person was killed immediately, and dozens more died in the weeks and months after the explosion from acute radiation syndrome (ARS). The accident was the worst nuclear catastrophe in the history of nuclear technology. 

The Soviet Union took many months to contain the contamination. Robots were required to do containment work, because radiation levels were too high for humans. When robots failed because radiation affected them, humans were used for periods of seconds only to move contaminated items and centralize them so they could be covered with an initial sarcophagus, built to last approximately 30 years. A “New Safe Confinement” (an new sarcophagus to cover the existing sarcophagus) arch-structure is being built now and is planned to be slid over the reactor #4 site (see Center Left image below) and last for at least 100 years.

Mikhail Gorbachev has stated flatly that the Chernobyl explosion was “perhaps the real cause of the collapse of the Soviet Union.”

YouTube videos:
•Zero Hour: Disaster at Chernobyl (depiction of reality; length 46:41). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ITEXGdht3y8
•Seconds from Disaster—Meltdown at Chernobyl (length 47:08). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5WGUbfzr31s
•Chernobyl Uncensored (documentary; length 01:32:58). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dS3WvKKSpKI
•The Battle of Chernobyl (National Geographic; length 44:36). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jh0KoOCYuuw
•Inside Chernobyl: Rare footage from ruins left by the world’s 1986 nuclear disaster (length 04:29). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VvH7BRubFIg

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chernobyl_disaster
•http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/04/27/science/chernobyl-capping-a-catastrophe.html?_r=1
•http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Safety-and-Security/Safety-of-Plants/Chernobyl-Accident/
•http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/fact-sheets/chernobyl-bg.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effects_of_the_Chernobyl_disaster
•http://www.businessinsider.com/drone-footage-shows-aftermath-of-ukraines-chernobyl-nuclear-disaster-2014-12
•http://www.theguardian.com/environment/gallery/2011/apr/26/chernobyl-nuclear-disaster-in-pictures
•http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/nuclear_power/2013/01/chernobyl_and_the_fall_of_the_soviet_union_gorbachev_s_glasnost_allowed.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chernobyl_Nuclear_Power_Plant_sarcophagus

Book sources:
• Voices from Chernobyl: The Oral History of a Nuclear Disaster by Svetlana Alexievich. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0312425848/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0312425848&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=AJA2YBRCDHDADLCC
• The Legacy of Chernobyl by Zhores Medvedev. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0393308146/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0393308146&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=OHWF6TDVKHUIUI4H
• The Truth about Chernobyl by Grigori Medvedev and Andrei Sakharov. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0465087752/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0465087752&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=Y24HYMYTCNJYKAYH
• Wormwood Forest: A Natural History of Chernobyl by Mary Mycio. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0309094305/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0309094305&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=LDYCOUMB3OFHP4IN

Image credits:
•Top Left: Frame from Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster at 01:26. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ADBZw3-y2Qo
•Top Right: Chernobyl Disaster Aftermath: very extensive damage to the main reactor hall (image center) and turbine building (image lower left). By Soviet Union authorities: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Chernobyl_Disaster.jpg#file
•Center Left: 32,000 ton arch, “New Safe Confinement” sarcophagus. http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/04/27/science/chernobyl-capping-a-catastrophe.html?_r=1
•Center Right: The Chernobyl reactor #4 building as of 2006, including the later-built sarcophagus and elements of the maximum-security perimeter. By Carl Montgomery (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AChernobylreactor_1.jpg
•Bottom: Google Maps: Chernobyl Nuclear Facility. https://www.google.com/maps/place/Chernobyl+Nuclear+Power+Plant/@51.3887679,30.1009129,735m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m2!3m1!1s0x472a7da0de25ddcf:0x6590333f52847059

 # history #Chernobyl #nuclearpower___

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2015-04-27 05:43:25 (2 comments, 13 reshares, 24 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Computer Mouse Commercially Debuted, 1981
On April 27, 1981 — 34 years ago today — the first mouse for use with a personal computer, the Xerox Star system (Xerox 8010), was officially introduced as a commercial product. The first mouse prototype was invented by Douglas Englebart at the Stanford Research Institute in the 1960s. Xerox subsequently launched its research and development facility, PARC (Palo Alto Research Center) in 1970, where it developed the first computer that included a mouse for navigation; however, it never intended for this product, called Alto, to be a commercial product. During the 1970s, Xerox manufactured about 1,500 Altos that were only in use on an experimental basis within Xerox and at another 500 collaborating universities and government offices. Finally, Xerox introduced a commercial product, the Xerox Star System (a.k.a. Xerox 8010), thatinc... altro »

Today in History: Computer Mouse Commercially Debuted, 1981
On April 27, 1981 — 34 years ago today — the first mouse for use with a personal computer, the Xerox Star system (Xerox 8010), was officially introduced as a commercial product. The first mouse prototype was invented by Douglas Englebart at the Stanford Research Institute in the 1960s. Xerox subsequently launched its research and development facility, PARC (Palo Alto Research Center) in 1970, where it developed the first computer that included a mouse for navigation; however, it never intended for this product, called Alto, to be a commercial product. During the 1970s, Xerox manufactured about 1,500 Altos that were only in use on an experimental basis within Xerox and at another 500 collaborating universities and government offices. Finally, Xerox introduced a commercial product, the Xerox Star System (a.k.a. Xerox 8010), that incorporated a number of technologies that have since become standard in personal computers —

• bitmapped display
• window-based graphical user interface (GUI)
• screen icons
• screen folders
• a mouse
• e-mail
• Ethernet networking
• file servers
• print servers

Apple and Steve Jobs incorporated many of PARC’s ideas in the Lisa and Macintosh products. The biggest difference between the Xerox Star system and the Apple products was cost. The Xerox Star system, when it was announced on this day in 1981, was a single station in an integrated document preparation system, centering around laser printing (then quite expensive) and designed for large corporations, law firms, and big organizations that produced massive quantities of paper documents. Each Star workstation cost about $16,000 (about $42,000 today), and the basic integrated system started at $75,000 (about $195,000 today).

YouTube videos:
•How Steve Jobs got the ideas of GUI from Xerox (length 09:40). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J33pVRdxWbw
•The Final Demonstration of the Xerox Stat computer (length 02:20:14). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_OwG_rQ_Hqw [Also, see https://plus.google.com/+WayneRadinsky/posts/fRBtdm1x7Z2 for extensive notes on this presentation by Wayne Radinsky]
•DigiBarn TV: Xerox Star 8010 GUI (length 24:17). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0_bgAryP380
•PARC scientist recalls Jobs’s famous Xerox visits (length 06:26). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZOF-j6Nxm04
•Steve Jobs on why Xerox failed (length 02:54). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_1rXqD6M614

Web sources:
•http://www.historychannel.com.au/classroom/day-in-history/574/computer-mouse-debuts
•http://www.wired.com/2011/04/0427first-computer-mouse/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mouse_%28computing%29
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_graphical_user_interface
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xerox_Star
•http://members.dcn.org/dwnelson/XeroxStarRetrospective.html
•http://www.historychannel.com.au/classroom/day-in-history/574/computer-mouse-debuts
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PARC_%28company%29
•http://xeroxstar.tripod.com/
•http://toastytech.com/guis/star.html
•http://www.digibarn.com/collections/systems/xerox-8010/
•http://www.usinflationcalculator.com/

Book sources:
• Fumbling the Future: How Xerox Invented, Then Ignored, the First Personal Computer by Douglas K. Smith and Robert C. Alexander. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1583482660/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1583482660&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5ZAWNCCDXI5WCCCT

Image credit:
• Single station Xerox Star. By Dave Curbow via DigiBarn Computer Museum: http://www.digibarn.com/collections/systems/xerox-8010/xerox-star-8010-large.jpg

#history   #computer  #mouse___

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2015-04-26 14:50:58 (9 comments, 11 reshares, 36 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Chernobyl Nuclear Plant Unit #4 Exploded, 1986 (image below is titled with incorrect year)
On April 26, 1986 — 29 years ago today — Nuclear Reactor #4 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Plant in the Ukraine (at the time under the control of the U.S.S.R.) exploded and released at least 5% of the radioactive core into the atmosphere. One person was killed immediately, and dozens more died in the weeks and months after the explosion from acute radiation syndrome (ARS). The accident was the worst nuclear catastrophe in the history of nuclear technology. 

The Soviet Union took many months to contain the contamination. Robots were required to do containment work, because radiation levels were too high for humans. When robots failed because radiation affected them, humans were used for periods of seconds only to move contaminated items and centralize them so they could becove... altro »

Today in History: Chernobyl Nuclear Plant Unit #4 Exploded, 1986 (image below is titled with incorrect year)
On April 26, 1986 — 29 years ago today — Nuclear Reactor #4 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Plant in the Ukraine (at the time under the control of the U.S.S.R.) exploded and released at least 5% of the radioactive core into the atmosphere. One person was killed immediately, and dozens more died in the weeks and months after the explosion from acute radiation syndrome (ARS). The accident was the worst nuclear catastrophe in the history of nuclear technology. 

The Soviet Union took many months to contain the contamination. Robots were required to do containment work, because radiation levels were too high for humans. When robots failed because radiation affected them, humans were used for periods of seconds only to move contaminated items and centralize them so they could be covered with an initial sarcophagus, built to last approximately 30 years. A “New Safe Confinement” (an new sarcophagus to cover the existing sarcophagus) arch-structure is being built now and is planned to be slid over the reactor #4 site (see Center Left image below) and last for at least 100 years.

Mikhail Gorbachev has stated flatly that the Chernobyl explosion was “perhaps the real cause of the collapse of the Soviet Union.”

YouTube videos:
•Zero Hour: Disaster at Chernobyl (depiction of reality; length 46:41). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ITEXGdht3y8
•Seconds from Disaster—Meltdown at Chernobyl (length 47:08). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5WGUbfzr31s
•Chernobyl Uncensored (documentary; length 01:32:58). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dS3WvKKSpKI
•The Battle of Chernobyl (National Geographic; length 44:36). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jh0KoOCYuuw
•Inside Chernobyl: Rare footage from ruins left by the world’s 1986 nuclear disaster (length 04:29). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VvH7BRubFIg

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chernobyl_disaster
•http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/04/27/science/chernobyl-capping-a-catastrophe.html?_r=1
•http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Safety-and-Security/Safety-of-Plants/Chernobyl-Accident/
•http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/fact-sheets/chernobyl-bg.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effects_of_the_Chernobyl_disaster
•http://www.businessinsider.com/drone-footage-shows-aftermath-of-ukraines-chernobyl-nuclear-disaster-2014-12
•http://www.theguardian.com/environment/gallery/2011/apr/26/chernobyl-nuclear-disaster-in-pictures
•http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/nuclear_power/2013/01/chernobyl_and_the_fall_of_the_soviet_union_gorbachev_s_glasnost_allowed.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chernobyl_Nuclear_Power_Plant_sarcophagus

Book sources:
• Voices from Chernobyl: The Oral History of a Nuclear Disaster by Svetlana Alexievich. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0312425848/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0312425848&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=AJA2YBRCDHDADLCC
• The Legacy of Chernobyl by Zhores Medvedev. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0393308146/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0393308146&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=OHWF6TDVKHUIUI4H
• The Truth about Chernobyl by Grigori Medvedev and Andrei Sakharov. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0465087752/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0465087752&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=Y24HYMYTCNJYKAYH
• Wormwood Forest: A Natural History of Chernobyl by Mary Mycio. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0309094305/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0309094305&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=LDYCOUMB3OFHP4IN

Image credits:
•Top Left: Frame from Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster at 01:26. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ADBZw3-y2Qo
•Top Right: Chernobyl Disaster Aftermath: very extensive damage to the main reactor hall (image center) and turbine building (image lower left). By Soviet Union authorities: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Chernobyl_Disaster.jpg#file
•Center Left: 32,000 ton arch, “New Safe Confinement” sarcophagus. http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/04/27/science/chernobyl-capping-a-catastrophe.html?_r=1
•Center Right: The Chernobyl reactor #4 building as of 2006, including the later-built sarcophagus and elements of the maximum-security perimeter. By Carl Montgomery (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AChernobylreactor_1.jpg
•Bottom: Google Maps: Chernobyl Nuclear Facility. https://www.google.com/maps/place/Chernobyl+Nuclear+Power+Plant/@51.3887679,30.1009129,735m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m2!3m1!1s0x472a7da0de25ddcf:0x6590333f52847059

#history   #Chernobyl   #nuclearpower___

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2015-04-26 05:12:35 (9 comments, 23 reshares, 39 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Bell Labs Announced Invention of First Practical Silicon Solar Cell, 1954
On April 26, 1954 — 61 years ago today — executives of Bell Labs introduced a silicon-based solar cell with a 15x increase in efficiency over previous models. These cells were developed by Daryl Chapin, Calvin Fuller, and Gerald Pearson in their work at Bell Labs, who found that silicon when combined with certain “impurities” became highly sensitive to light, and who were able to gain a 6% efficiency (sunlight converted to electricity). Theoretical findings indicated that this 6% efficiency figure could be increased to about 24% — about the efficiency of today’s cells.

At the time, the U.S. was embarking on an “Atoms for Peace” program to overcome its global image as the only government to have used an atomic bomb on innocent civilians (in order to end World War II with Japan).According to... altro »

Today in History: Bell Labs Announced Invention of First Practical Silicon Solar Cell, 1954
On April 26, 1954 — 61 years ago today — executives of Bell Labs introduced a silicon-based solar cell with a 15x increase in efficiency over previous models. These cells were developed by Daryl Chapin, Calvin Fuller, and Gerald Pearson in their work at Bell Labs, who found that silicon when combined with certain “impurities” became highly sensitive to light, and who were able to gain a 6% efficiency (sunlight converted to electricity). Theoretical findings indicated that this 6% efficiency figure could be increased to about 24% — about the efficiency of today’s cells.

At the time, the U.S. was embarking on an “Atoms for Peace” program to overcome its global image as the only government to have used an atomic bomb on innocent civilians (in order to end World War II with Japan). According to John Perlin, author of Let It Shine: the 6,000 Year Story of Solar Energy, the U.S. government allocated about $10 billion to nuclear power and “not a penny to solar.” Hans K. Ziegler, who came to the U.S. with rocket engineer Wernher Von Braun in a program designed to recruit German engineers and scientists immediately after World War II, examined the Bell Labs’ cells and wrote about them:Future development [of the silicon solar cell] may well render it into an important source of electrical power [as] the roofs of all our buildings in cities and towns equipped with solar [cells] would be sufficient to produce this country’s entire demand for electrical power.

More from the first link provided under Web sources:

One journalist thought it important for the public to know that “linked together electrically, the Bell solar cells deliver power from the sun at the rate of 50 watts per square yard, while the atomic cell announced recently by the RCA Corporation merely delivers a millionth of a watt” over the same area. An article in U.S. News & World Report speculated that one day such silicon strips “may provide more power than all the world’s coal, oil, and uranium.” The New York Times probably best summed up what Chapin, Fuller, and Pearson had accomplished. On page one of its April 26, 1954, issue, the Times stated that the construction of the first solar module to generate useful amounts of power marks “the beginning of a new era, leading eventually to the realization of one of mankind’s most cherished dreams—the harnessing of the almost limitless energy of the sun for the uses of civilization.”

YouTube sources:
•Energy 101: Solar Power (cartoon format; length 03:23). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NDZzAIcCQLQ
•Cost of Solar (length 00:58). http://gizmodo.com/60-years-ago-today-bell-labs-unveiled-the-solar-cell-1567543841
•The History of Solar Energy - Part 5 (length 07:59). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ez92w8ytZAM

Web sources:
•http://www.nrel.gov/education/pdfs/educational_resources/high_school/solar_cell_history.pdf
•http://www.aps.org/publications/apsnews/200904/physicshistory.cfm
•http://www.solareworld.com/2011/08/09/solar-history-bell-labs-and-the-first-modern-silicon-solar-cell/
•http://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/Happy-60th-Anniversary-to-the-Modern-Solar-Cell
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_solar_cells
•http://www.popsci.com/article/science/invention-solar-cell?src=SOC&dom=fb
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_K._Ziegler
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calvin_Souther_Fuller
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerald_Pearson
•http://inventors.about.com/od/sstartinventions/a/solar_cell.htm
•http://gizmodo.com/60-years-ago-today-bell-labs-unveiled-the-solar-cell-1567543841

Books:
• The Making of a Scientist: A Memoir by Calvin S. Fuller. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00KFXZQ9C/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00KFXZQ9C&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=ZX2LIS5MVV42ZZFA
• Let It Shine: The 6,000 Year Story of Solar Energy by John Perlin. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00E512102/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00E512102&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=PEBIRVNVPXVMAZ4E

Photo Credit:
•Top Left: Inventors of the Solar Cell (left to right): Gerald Pearson, Daryl Chapin, and Calvin Fuller (1954). Courtesy of AT&T Archives and History Center via John Perlin:http://www.nrel.gov/education/pdfs/educational_resources/high_school/solar_cell_history.pdf
•Top Right: Bell Labs Solar Battery. Courtesy of AT&T Archives and History Center.
•Bottom: Price history of crystalline silicon solar cells in $ per watt since 1977. By Hanjin, Rfassbind [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3APrice_history_of_silicon_PV_cells_since_1977.svg

#history #solarcell #solarenergy #solarpower

Additional April 26 events in history:
•A catastrophic nuclear explosion occurred at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine, 1986.___

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2015-04-25 09:03:57 (2 comments, 9 reshares, 27 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Robert Noyce granted patent for integrated circuit, 1961
On April 25, 1961 — 54 years ago today — Robert N. Noyce was granted patent #2981877 for his “semiconductor device-and-lead structure,” which would eventually be known as “the integrated circuit.” Integrated circuits have revolutionized the quality of human life — they have made possible all the amazing advances in personal computers, mobile communications, sophisticated spacecraft, cars, medical devices, home appliances, etc.

Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments applied for an integrated circuit patent earlier than Noyce. Kilby’s application was dated February 6, 1959 and Noyce’s application was dated July 30, 1959. Each of them was working independently. Noyce was granted a patent because he had solved a number of practical problems that Kilby had not. Noyce’s design caused for the use ofsilicon; Kilby’s ch... altro »

Today in History: Robert Noyce granted patent for integrated circuit, 1961
On April 25, 1961 — 54 years ago today — Robert N. Noyce was granted patent #2981877 for his “semiconductor device-and-lead structure,” which would eventually be known as “the integrated circuit.” Integrated circuits have revolutionized the quality of human life — they have made possible all the amazing advances in personal computers, mobile communications, sophisticated spacecraft, cars, medical devices, home appliances, etc.

Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments applied for an integrated circuit patent earlier than Noyce. Kilby’s application was dated February 6, 1959 and Noyce’s application was dated July 30, 1959. Each of them was working independently. Noyce was granted a patent because he had solved a number of practical problems that Kilby had not. Noyce’s design caused for the use of silicon; Kilby’s chip used germanium. (It’s not called Germanium Valley, haha.)

[More background text coming: in the meantime, if you want to know more about Noyce and his impact on the information revolution, please consult the sources below or feel free to add commentary as a comment to this post, and thank you. The lecture by Leslie Brin (the first YouTube source) at a Google Talk is informative, and a great starting place.]

YouTube sources:
•Robert Noyce: The Man Behind the Microchip, by Leslie Berlin, the Project Historian for the Silicon Valley Archives in a Google Talk (length 37:53). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kp4-5nYqBL8
•The Impact of Integrated Circuits, lecture by Robert Noyce (length 41:46). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AfxUq_QrpyY
•Podfather — Robert Noyce and the Rise of Silicon Valley (length 59:05). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GvGVGcWS3Pg

Web sources:
•http://www.google.com/patents/US2981877
•http://www.computerhistory.org/tdih/April/25/
•http://www.edn.com/electronics-blogs/edn-moments/4412805/Noyce-receives-1st-IC-patent--April-25--1961-
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Traitorous_eight
•http://www.pbs.org/transistor/album1/eight/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Noyce
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integrated_circuit
•http://www.computerhistory.org/semiconductor/timeline/1959-Noyce.html
•http://history-computer.com/ModernComputer/Basis/IC.html
•http://www.pbs.org/transistor/album1/addlbios/noyce.html
•http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2011/1212/Why-Robert-Noyce-should-have-won-two-Nobel-Prizes-but-didn-t
•http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/history/museum-robert-noyce.html
•https://books.google.com/books?id=z7738Wq-j-8C&pg=PA237&lpg=PA237&dq=patent+2981877&source=bl&ots=R-83phJjKR&sig=DF2oIK6LVtP2nxS0XJjwuQRJdt0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=unk6VfDNG8jGsAW_t4CAAg&ved=0CDgQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=patent%202981877&f=false

Books:
• The Man Behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley by Leslie Berlin. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/019531199X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=019531199X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=52PDER6HNDKE7G4Y
• Makers of the Microchip: A Documentary History of Fairchild Semiconductor by Christophe Lécuyer and David C. Brock. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0262014246/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0262014246&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=DTBRRYYG5ZLUFTBI
• Invention of Integrated Circuits: Untold Important Facts by Arjun N. Saxena. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/9812814450/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=9812814450&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=WNJSCWMGUMN6AWX3
• Crystal Fire: The Invention of the Transistor and the Birth of the Information Age by Michael Riordan and Lillian Hoddeson. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0393318516/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0393318516&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=LB26RPPNATQVOOXE

Amazon DVDs:
•Silicon Valley / American Experience 2013 (good background information; length 01:23:00). http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00BD7MR2S/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00BD7MR2S&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=S2T6D64VVWTBI2OG

Image credits:
•Photo includes what William Shockely of Shockley Semiconductory Laboratory, in 1957, called “the traitorous eight,” because they determined, after being hired for their extraordinary talent (6 were PhD graduates,including Noyce) by Shockley, they could not work with Shockley. Shockley, after winning a Nobel-Prize in 1956 for his co-invention of the transistor, became nearly impossible to work with. He did not trust the employees he had hired; he did not allow them to share their work results with each other. He recorded all phone calls and ordered all employees to take a lie dedector test. When the 8 employees asked the key investor, Arnold Beckman, to replace Shockley and Beckman refused, the 8 researchers decided to leave and start their own company, Fairchild Semiconductor. From left to right: Gordon Moore, C. Sheldon Roberts, Eugene Kleiner, Robert Noyce, Victor Grinich, Julius Blank, Jean Hoerni, and Jay Last (photo taken 1960).
•At Fairchild Semiconductor, Robert Noyce applied for this patent of the integrated circuit in 1959. Google Patent database images from the patent application by Noyce. http://www.google.com/patents/US2981877

#history #integratedcircuit #silicon #Noyce___

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2015-04-24 12:59:53 (36 comments, 68 reshares, 364 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Hubble Space Telescope Launched, 1990
On April 24, 1990 — 25 years ago today — the Hubble Space Telescope was launched into space by the Space Shuttle Discovery. The telescope was secured in the shuttle’s cargo bay. On April 25, 1990, the Discovery crew, using the space shuttle arm, deployed the Hubble telescope into orbit. Hubble travels in a nearly circular orbit around the Earth every 97 minutes, about  343 miles (552 kilometers) above the Earth’s surface. In its 25 years in orbit, Hubble has orbited the Earth over 135,000 times!

Hubble is one of NASA’s Great Observatories, along with the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, the Chandra X-Ray Observatory, and the Spitzer Space Telescope. The Hubble Telescope was named after astronomer Edwin Hubble, who first confirmed by observations from an Earth-based optical telescope that the Universe was expanding. TheHubble Spa... altro »

Today in History: Hubble Space Telescope Launched, 1990
On April 24, 1990 — 25 years ago today — the Hubble Space Telescope was launched into space by the Space Shuttle Discovery. The telescope was secured in the shuttle’s cargo bay. On April 25, 1990, the Discovery crew, using the space shuttle arm, deployed the Hubble telescope into orbit. Hubble travels in a nearly circular orbit around the Earth every 97 minutes, about  343 miles (552 kilometers) above the Earth’s surface. In its 25 years in orbit, Hubble has orbited the Earth over 135,000 times!

Hubble is one of NASA’s Great Observatories, along with the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, the Chandra X-Ray Observatory, and the Spitzer Space Telescope. The Hubble Telescope was named after astronomer Edwin Hubble, who first confirmed by observations from an Earth-based optical telescope that the Universe was expanding. The Hubble Space Telescope has recorded some of the most detailed visible-light images ever, especially probing deeply into space and time. A number of the Hubble observations have led to astrophysical breakthroughs, such as the determination of expansion rate of the universe. 

Interestingly, Hubble is the only telescope designed for service in space by astronauts. This design function allowed a near monumental error in its mirror grounding to be corrected. In 1993, the optics were corrected by astronauts who installed “spectacles” that compensated for the wrongly shaped mirror. In total, there have been 5 space shuttle servicing missions to Hubble to improve its usefulness. Hubble is now in the final phase of its life, as its vital systems are not expected to last much beyond this year and Earth’s gravity will eventually pull it back into the Earth’s atmosphere where it will burn up and disintegrate sometime after 2019.

YouTube videos:
•Hubble Space Telescope Deployment (length 01:13). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nPI28qRa4ng
•Full BBC Documentary — Hubble’s Space Telescope — Amazing Universe (length 01:15:13). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=amJtdCFoc5U
•National Geographic: Hubble’s Amazing Universe (length 45:48). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qcfN_HN4TVg
•Deep Universe: Hubble’s Universe Unfiltered (length 31:23). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W4GKf623Exk
•20 Years in 20 Images: Hubble’s Universe Unfiltered (length 28:15). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4jRplhKh9Bg

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hubble_Space_Telescope
•http://hubblesite.org/
•http://www.redorbit.com/news/space/1113127712/nasa-hubble-instruments-highlight-new-national-air-and-space-museum/
•http://www.nbcnews.com/science/space/hubble-space-telescope-turns-25-discoveries-drama-galore-n345911
•http://hubblesite.org/gallery/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_Telescope_Science_Institute
•http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/25-years-hubble-space-telescope-25-stunning-photos/
•http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/story/index.html
•http://hubble25th.org/

Book sources:
• Hubble’s Universe: Greatest Discoveries and Latest Images by Terence Dickinson. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1770851070/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1770851070&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=CODV4BDTDSKVW7TX
• Hubble: Imaging Space and Time by David H. Devorkin. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1426208944/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1426208944&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=C2OK6SZFTF2LVF7I

Image credits:
•Hubble Space Telescope as viewed from the departing Space Shuttle Atlantis, flying STS-125, Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 4. By Ruffnax (Crew of STS-125) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AHST-SM4.jpeg
•Exploded graphic of the Hubble Space Telescope. By HubbleExploded.svg: AndrewBuck derivative work: Julia\talk (HubbleExploded.svg) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AHubbleExploded_edit_1.svg
•Diagram showing the orbit of the Hubble Space Telescope. By NASA [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ADiagram_of_Hubble's_orbit.jpg
•The Hubble Control Center at Goddard Space Flight Center, 1999. By http://www.hubblesite.org/.Goodmanjoon at en.wikipedia [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AHubble_Control_Centre.jpg

#history #Hubble #Discovery___

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2015-04-23 06:14:28 (4 comments, 6 reshares, 18 +1s)Open 

Today in History: First YouTube Video Was Uploaded, 2005
On April 23, 2005 — just 10 years ago today (and a full year after Facebook began) — Jawed Karim, one of the co-founders of YouTube, uploaded the first video to YouTube. Since this first 18-second video user upload, YouTube has grown to more than 1 billion users and 300 hours of video are uploaded to YouTube every minute! In addition, more than a million user channels are earning revenue from the YouTube Partner Program, and thousands of channels are making 6-figure incomes per year.

YouTube videos:
•The first YouTube video uploaded: “Me at the Zoo” (length 00:18). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jNQXAC9IVRw

Web sources:
•http://mashable.com/2014/04/23/youtube-first-video/
•http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/06/magazine/06FOB-medium-t.html?_r=4&ref=magazine&•http://en.... altro »

Today in History: First YouTube Video Was Uploaded, 2005
On April 23, 2005 — just 10 years ago today (and a full year after Facebook began) — Jawed Karim, one of the co-founders of YouTube, uploaded the first video to YouTube. Since this first 18-second video user upload, YouTube has grown to more than 1 billion users and 300 hours of video are uploaded to YouTube every minute! In addition, more than a million user channels are earning revenue from the YouTube Partner Program, and thousands of channels are making 6-figure incomes per year.

YouTube videos:
•The first YouTube video uploaded: “Me at the Zoo” (length 00:18). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jNQXAC9IVRw

Web sources:
•http://mashable.com/2014/04/23/youtube-first-video/
•http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/06/magazine/06FOB-medium-t.html?_r=4&ref=magazine&
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jawed_Karim
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Me_at_the_zoo
•https://www.youtube.com/yt/press/en-GB/statistics.html

Book sources:
• YouTube: The Real YouTube Story by Eric Skaggs. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00U6E8ESU/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00U6E8ESU&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=BPRY47NFSC6FGF7H
• YouTube: Online Video and Participatory Culture by Jean Burgess, Joshua Green, Henry Jenkins, and John Hartley. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0745644791/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0745644791&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=XKO6RVEM6432QJDI
• YouTube Founders: Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, and Jawed Karim by Patricia Wooster. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1467725811/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1467725811&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=NVA2DA3KFTSXJCAC
• Watching YouTube: Extraordinary Videos by Ordinary People by Michael Strangelove. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1442610670/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1442610670&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=2ZBANE5XOG2SJ7NF

Image credit:
• Jawed Karim in a frame from his original YouTube video (length 00:18). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jNQXAC9IVRw

#history #YouTube___

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2015-04-23 05:57:26 (21 comments, 48 reshares, 156 +1s)Open 

Today in History: First human died during a spaceflight mission, 1967
On April 23, 1967 — 48 years ago today — Soyuz 1 crashed into the ground at about 600 mph when its parachute failed to open after re-entry and the first in-flight fatality, cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov, occurred in the history of spaceflight. According to a number of accounts, Cosmonaut Komarov expected to die in this first flight of the new Soyuz spacecraft, designed for taking cosmonauts to the Moon. The mission was being rushed because the head of the Communist Party — the leader of the U.S.S.R., Leonid Brezhnev — wanted the U.S.S.R. to beat the U.S. to the first manned landing on the Moon. In the U.S. haste to beat the Soviet Union to a manned landing on the Moon, about 3 months earlier, 3 U.S. astronauts had burned to death in a fire during a practice exercise of the new Apollo spacecraft. May 1, 1967 was to be the50th an... altro »

Today in History: First human died during a spaceflight mission, 1967
On April 23, 1967 — 48 years ago today — Soyuz 1 crashed into the ground at about 600 mph when its parachute failed to open after re-entry and the first in-flight fatality, cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov, occurred in the history of spaceflight. According to a number of accounts, Cosmonaut Komarov expected to die in this first flight of the new Soyuz spacecraft, designed for taking cosmonauts to the Moon. The mission was being rushed because the head of the Communist Party — the leader of the U.S.S.R., Leonid Brezhnev — wanted the U.S.S.R. to beat the U.S. to the first manned landing on the Moon. In the U.S. haste to beat the Soviet Union to a manned landing on the Moon, about 3 months earlier, 3 U.S. astronauts had burned to death in a fire during a practice exercise of the new Apollo spacecraft. May 1, 1967 was to be the 50th anniversary of the Communist revolution, and Brezhnev wanted a spectacular rendezvous and docking mission to occur just before the Anniversary — to highlight the technological lead in the race to the Moon with the new Soviet lunar manned spacecraft (while the U.S. was still fixing the problems that caused the Apollo 1 fire).

So political pressure was intense on Soviet scientists and cosmonauts to perform a space rendezvous and docking mission before the end of April, 1967. The plan called for one man, Cosmonaut Komarov, to be launched in Soyuz 1; the next day 2 cosmonauts were scheduled to be launched on Soyuz 2. The two spacecraft would then rendezvous, dock, and exchange crew members. However, as events transpired, Soyuz 1 began having numerous problems shortly after its launch; the Soyuz 2 mission was cancelled not only due to the problems aboard Soyuz 1, but also as a result of bad weather.

Prior to Soyuz 1’s launch, the first Soviet cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, had inspected the new Soyuz spacecraft and had documented over 200 structural problems that would make the spacecraft dangerous to navigate in space. Gagarin was urging that the Soyuz 1 and 2 missions be postponed. Gagarin’s protests were disregarded by the political machine of the U.S.S.R., and as a consequence, Gagarin’s friend, Cosmonaut Komarov faced an ongoing number of difficulties during his flight that eventually caused him to rage against the political machine that was sending him to his death — as he was unable to carefully position his spacecraft during re-entry, his capsule was heating up, his parachutes became tangled and could not deploy, and he became aware that he was plunging to his death.

YouTube videos:
•1967 Soyuz 1 (USSR) (length 02:14). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PnIE7DfCktE
•Vladimir Komarov’s Death Aboard Soyuz 1 (length 01:41). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=As0fzcCs7oY
•NASAFlix–Secret Space: Soyuz Cover-Up (length 51:49). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=60sYdhhFkmc

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soyuz_1
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir_Komarov
•http://amyshirateitel.com/2012/01/13/soyuz-1-falling-to-earth/
•http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/24/newsid_2523000/2523019.stm
•http://www.svengrahn.pp.se/histind/Soyuz1Land/Soyanaly.htm
•http://www.npr.org/blogs/krulwich/2011/05/02/134597833/cosmonaut-crashed-into-earth-crying-in-rage
•http://www.russianspaceweb.com/soyuz1.html
•http://www.americaspace.com/?p=17776

Book sources:
• Soyuz: A Universal Spacecraft by Rex Hall and David Shayler. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1852336579/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1852336579&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=MXGIYN6Z2SLL2BRG
• Histories of the Soviet / Russian Space Program by U.S. Government, NASA, World Spaceflight News, Dr. Charles Sheldon, U.S. Congress. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00CW1IP1Q/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00CW1IP1Q&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=XJWYY4JIVX6UOI5P
• The Soviet Space Race with Apollo by Asif A. Siddiqi. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0813026288/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0813026288&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=WOQBM4QHN7VOJIZE

Image credits:
•Top Left: Cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov. http://spacefeelings.com/outer-space-flight-critical-situations-2.shtml
•Top Right: Soyuz 1 spacecraft. http://spacefeelings.com/outer-space-flight-critical-situations-2.shtml
•Bottom Left: Soyuz 1 capsule crash in which Komarov died. http://www.astrocentral.co.uk/race7.html
•Bottom Right: Open casket of Cosmonaut Komarov with his burnt remains. http://www.npr.org/blogs/krulwich/2011/05/02/134597833/cosmonaut-crashed-into-earth-crying-in-rage

#history #Soyuz #space___

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2015-04-22 17:41:26 (7 comments, 7 reshares, 17 +1s)Open 

Google’s New Wireless Service
Please see: Fi.google.com — to request an invite. You’ll need a Nexus 6, the first (and right now only) smartphone to work with fi.

Google’s New Wireless Service
Please see: Fi.google.com — to request an invite. You’ll need a Nexus 6, the first (and right now only) smartphone to work with fi.___

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2015-04-22 06:06:01 (0 comments, 6 reshares, 26 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Apollo 16 Astronauts Rode Lunar Rover on Moon, 1972
On April 22, 1972 — 43 years ago today — for the second time in history, astronauts road the Lunar Rover across the lunar surface. Astronauts John Young and Charles Duke spent almost 3 full days on the lunar surface — collecting 95.8 kilograms (211 pounds) of rock samples for return to Earth — while Ken Mattingly remained in the lunar orbiting Command/Service Module. Their lunar samples helped to disprove a theory that the Descartes Formation and the Cayley Formation were of volcanic origin.

YouTube videos:
•Launch of Apollo 16 from Earth on April 16, 1972 (length 03:36). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KKbljFi0WBc
•Apollo 16 Mission Onboard Camera (length 02:32:23). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1YB3JZzSE3Y

Web sources:•http://a... altro »

Today in History: Apollo 16 Astronauts Rode Lunar Rover on Moon, 1972
On April 22, 1972 — 43 years ago today — for the second time in history, astronauts road the Lunar Rover across the lunar surface. Astronauts John Young and Charles Duke spent almost 3 full days on the lunar surface — collecting 95.8 kilograms (211 pounds) of rock samples for return to Earth — while Ken Mattingly remained in the lunar orbiting Command/Service Module. Their lunar samples helped to disprove a theory that the Descartes Formation and the Cayley Formation were of volcanic origin.

YouTube videos:
•Launch of Apollo 16 from Earth on April 16, 1972 (length 03:36). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KKbljFi0WBc
•Apollo 16 Mission Onboard Camera (length 02:32:23). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1YB3JZzSE3Y

Web sources:
•http://airandspace.si.edu/explore-and-learn/topics/apollo/apollo-program/spacecraft/lrv.cfm
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_16
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunar_rover

Book sources:
• Apollo 16: The NASA Mission Reports by Robert Godwin. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1896522580/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1896522580&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=MZH5ZQSOGBSHUS4N

DVD Sources:
•Apollo 16: The Men, Moon, and Memories (length 51 minutes). http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B0018ZYJXK/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B0018ZYJXK&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=EOWHQBEMZ6C5WMKJ

Image credits: 
•Top: Astronaut John Young riding the Lunar Rover across the Lunar Highlands, April 22, 1972. NASA photo.
•Bottom Left: Apollo 16 lift-off, April 16, 1972. NASA photo.
•Bottom Center: Apollo 16 Crew (from left to right): Command Module Pilot Thomas K. Mattingly II; Mission Commander John W. Young; Lunar Module Pilot Charles M. Duke Jr. NASA photo.
•Bottom Right: Apollo 16 splasd-down, April 27, 1972. NASA photo.

#history #Moon # Apollo16 #LunarRover___

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2015-04-21 06:08:08 (4 comments, 4 reshares, 26 +1s)Open 

Today in History: The Seattle World’s Fair Opened, 1962
On April 21, 1962 — 53 years ago today — President John F. Kennedy officially opened the 1962 Seattle World’s Fair from his Easter vacation location in Florida. To open the Fair, President Kennedy pressed a telegraph key that was the same key that President William Howard Taft had used to open the 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition in Seattle. However, for this ocassion, instead of the simple coast-to-coast telegraph signal initated by President Taft, when President Kennedy pressed the key, he triggered a radio telescope in Maine to pick up impulses from a star 10,000 miles away, and these impulses were directed to the fairgrounds to launch 2,000 balloons and open the Fair.

The most famous landmark from this 1962 Fair is the “Seattle Space Needle,” a towering 605-foot structure that was (at the time it was built)the tallest... altro »

Today in History: The Seattle World’s Fair Opened, 1962
On April 21, 1962 — 53 years ago today — President John F. Kennedy officially opened the 1962 Seattle World’s Fair from his Easter vacation location in Florida. To open the Fair, President Kennedy pressed a telegraph key that was the same key that President William Howard Taft had used to open the 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition in Seattle. However, for this ocassion, instead of the simple coast-to-coast telegraph signal initated by President Taft, when President Kennedy pressed the key, he triggered a radio telescope in Maine to pick up impulses from a star 10,000 miles away, and these impulses were directed to the fairgrounds to launch 2,000 balloons and open the Fair.

The most famous landmark from this 1962 Fair is the “Seattle Space Needle,” a towering 605-foot structure that was (at the time it was built) the tallest structure west of the Mississippi River. 

YouTube videos:
•April 21, 1962: President John F. Kennedy Opening the Seattle’s World Fair. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l1DViQQFTfk
•Seattle World’s Fair — Century 21 Calling — 1962 (length 13:54). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yKVEQzTkqt8
•1962 Seattle World’s Fair Preview (length 14:26). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qNi76A-F_o0
•1962 Seattle World’s Fair Service Scouts (length 19:42). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vB_7M679nzM

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Century_21_Exposition
•http://www.62worldsfair.com/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Seattle_since_1940
•http://kcts9.org/when-seattle-invented-future-1962-worlds-fair
•http://www.expomuseum.com/1962/
•http://www.seattlemonorail.com/about/history/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seattle_Center_Monorail
•http://www.historylink.org/index.cfm?DisplayPage=output.cfm&File_Id=2291

Book sources:
• The Future Remembered: The 1962 Seattle World’s Fair and Its Legacy by Paula Becker and Alan J. Stein. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/061546940X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=061546940X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=GUGYEQZ6DJT2MVGE
• Seattle’s 1962 World’s Fair (Images of America) by Bill Colter. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0738581259/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0738581259&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=TEJO6DCVEBJVBK6W
• The Seattle Space Needle (Building America) by Craig A. Doherty. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1567111149/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1567111149&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=FIQAJUNKBX235YSA

Image credits:
•Top Left: Artist’s conception of the 1962 Seattle World’s Fair.
•Top Right: Space Needle structure built for the 1962 Seattle World’s Fair. By Jordon Kalilich (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ASpace_Needle_2011-07-04.jpg
•Bottom (left to right):
*President John F. Kennedy opening the World’s Fair from his vacation spot in Palm Beach, Florida. http://archive1.jfklibrary.org/JFKWHP/1962/Month%2004/Day%2021/JFKWHP-1962-04-21-A/JFKWHP-ST-A-C18-1-62.jpg
*Alweg Monorail linking downtown Seattle with the World’s Fair site. https://farm9.staticflickr.com/8359/8339472551_aa78e44481_o.jpg
*Former Vice President Nixon [and future President] with his wife riding the Monoraill at the World’s Fair in Seattle in 1962. http://www.seattlemonorail.com/about/history/

#history   #Seattle #worldfair___

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2015-04-20 04:55:57 (6 comments, 7 reshares, 41 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Webcrawler Became First Search Engine to Examine Full Text of Web Pages, 1994
On April 20, 1994 — 21 years ago today — Webcrawler became the first search engine to crawl full pages of text on the Web. At first, the engine only had 4,000 websites in its database and it was initially designed only as a desktop program. The engine was developed by Brian Pinkerton, a computer science engineering student at the University of Washington, in his spare time. Brian’s fellow students encouraged Brian to build a web interface for his program, and so he did and released the online version on this day in 1994 (see his introduction message in attached image).

Before Webcrawler, the few search engines available only stored a URL, a site or page title, and possibly up to 100 words. Webcrawler was written to index every word on a web page, and its comprehensiveness led to itsuse c... altro »

Today in History: Webcrawler Became First Search Engine to Examine Full Text of Web Pages, 1994
On April 20, 1994 — 21 years ago today — Webcrawler became the first search engine to crawl full pages of text on the Web. At first, the engine only had 4,000 websites in its database and it was initially designed only as a desktop program. The engine was developed by Brian Pinkerton, a computer science engineering student at the University of Washington, in his spare time. Brian’s fellow students encouraged Brian to build a web interface for his program, and so he did and released the online version on this day in 1994 (see his introduction message in attached image).

Before Webcrawler, the few search engines available only stored a URL, a site or page title, and possibly up to 100 words. Webcrawler was written to index every word on a web page, and its comprehensiveness led to its use crashing the University of Washington’s computer network. American Online (AOL) bought Webcrawler about a year after Brian launched it. AOL sold it to Excite on April 1, 1997. After Excite went bankrupt, Infospace bought Webcrawler in 2001 and has owned it ever since. Over time, Webcrawler transitioned to a “metasearch engine” that provides a composite of search results from Google, Bing, and other less popular search engines.

YouTube videos:
•Brief presentation by Brian Pinkerton of LucidWorks Enterprise [nothing to do with Webcrawler but to get a sense of Brian] (length 03:47). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0XB4qX9fq4U

Web sources:
•http://www.thinkpink.com/bp/webcrawler/history.html
•https://bobbydotseo.wordpress.com/webcrawler-1994/
•http://www.searchenginejournal.com/webcrawler-search-engine-turns-10-years-old/468/
•https://www.linkedin.com/in/brianpinkerton
•http://www.thehistoryofseo.com/The-Industry/Short_History_of_Early_Search_Engines.aspx
•http://www.salientmarketing.com/seo-resources/search-engine-history/webcrawler.html
•http://www.searchenginehistory.com/
•https://plus.google.com/112402135306018173541/about [nothing much here]

Book sources:
• The Search: How Google and Its Rivals Rewrote the Rules of Business and Transformed Our Culture by John Battelle. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1591841410/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1591841410&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=KCBYL7JNZ3SPQF5G

Image credits:
•Top Left: Original Webcrawler logo.
•Top Right: Brian Pinkerton, Webcrawler creator. http://www.hortongroup.com/blog/history-of-seo
•Bottom: Text of Announcement of Webcrawler. http://www.thinkpink.com/bp/webcrawler/UWCSAnnouncement.txt

#history #searchengines #webcrawler___

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2015-04-19 04:57:49 (10 comments, 22 reshares, 36 +1s)Open 

Today in History: “Moore’s Law” First Described, 1965
On April 19, 1965 — 50 years ago today — Gordon Moore published an article in Electronics magazine in which he first described his observation, now known as “Moore’s Law” (coined by Dr. Carver Mead, an associate of Moore), perhaps the most important metric phenomenon of this epoch: The number of transistors on a silicon chip doubles every year (he observed that it did during the first 10 years of the technology). Moore predicted this trend would continue for at least another decade, but he thought there were barriers that would prevent his extrapolation from continuing after 1975 and amended his prediction to transistor density doubling every 2 years after 1975. Today, Gordon is amazed that his law has held for 4 full decades after its original positing and 1975 amending.

YouTube videos:
•What is Moore’sLaw (length 02:59).... altro »

Today in History: “Moore’s Law” First Described, 1965
On April 19, 1965 — 50 years ago today — Gordon Moore published an article in Electronics magazine in which he first described his observation, now known as “Moore’s Law” (coined by Dr. Carver Mead, an associate of Moore), perhaps the most important metric phenomenon of this epoch: The number of transistors on a silicon chip doubles every year (he observed that it did during the first 10 years of the technology). Moore predicted this trend would continue for at least another decade, but he thought there were barriers that would prevent his extrapolation from continuing after 1975 and amended his prediction to transistor density doubling every 2 years after 1975. Today, Gordon is amazed that his law has held for 4 full decades after its original positing and 1975 amending.

YouTube videos:
•What is Moore’s Law (length 02:59). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aWLBmapcJRU
•Our Stories — Gordon Moore about Moore’s Law (length 04:23). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EzyJxAP6AQo
•Moore’s Law 40th Anniversary with Gordon Moore (length 01:27:55). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MH6jUSjpr-Q
•Is it the End for Moore’s Law (length 09:38)? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X8v1BB0UaDs
•Moore’s Law in Perspective by Intel (length 30:44). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V-pk-A8IqE4

Web sources:
•http://www.forbes.com/sites/roberthof/2015/04/17/at-50-moores-law-has-only-started-to-disrupt-everything-we-do/
•http://www.kurzweilai.net/ask-ray-the-future-of-moores-law
•http://www.singularitysymposium.com/moores-law.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gordon_Moore
•http://www.techminded.co/2015/04/13/409-april-13-2015-happy-anniversary-moores-law/

Book sources:
• Moore’s Law: The Life of Gordon Moore, Silicon Valley’s Quiet Revolutionary by Arnold Thackray, David Brock, and Rachel Jones. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0465055648/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0465055648&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=XZLQVH2H4MMNOKSU
• Understanding Moore’s Law: Four Decades of Innovation edited by David Brock. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0941901416/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0941901416&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=SJVWOBJBECRUE62F

Image credits:
•Top: Kurzweil chart.
•Bottom (left to right; top to bottom)
*Young Gordon Moore (photo taken about the time he promulgated “Moore’s Law). http://www.techminded.co/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/GordonMoore_formal.jpg
*Gordon Moore, $6.6 billionaire. http://www.forbes.com/profile/gordon-moore/
*Jack Kilby’s first solid circuit. http://www.ti.com/corp/docs/kilbyctr/downloadphotos.shtml
*Pentium 4 bottom side. By Eric Gaba (Sting - fr:Sting) (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AIntel_CPU_Pentium_4_640_Prescott_bottom.jpg

#history #information #Moore___

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2015-04-18 11:36:34 (14 comments, 44 reshares, 225 +1s)Open 

Happy Saturday — Google+ secretly growing
The marketplace is dynamic! AOL once had a market valuation north of $150 billion; it is now valued at $3.13 billion. MySpace once dominated the social media space. Facebook now “dominates” the social media space. Or does it? Google can’t brag because it is under assault for “dominating search” — even though Bing is growing in usage (see http://searchengineland.com/bing-reaches-20-percent-search-milestone-in-us-market-218574). And while Bing is growing in search, look at what www.internetlivestats.com reports below.

I’m playing this tune right now.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uUmXXFbhokc

Happy Saturday — Google+ secretly growing
The marketplace is dynamic! AOL once had a market valuation north of $150 billion; it is now valued at $3.13 billion. MySpace once dominated the social media space. Facebook now “dominates” the social media space. Or does it? Google can’t brag because it is under assault for “dominating search” — even though Bing is growing in usage (see http://searchengineland.com/bing-reaches-20-percent-search-milestone-in-us-market-218574). And while Bing is growing in search, look at what www.internetlivestats.com reports below.

I’m playing this tune right now.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uUmXXFbhokc___

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2015-04-18 05:28:54 (63 comments, 114 reshares, 309 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Einstein Died—His body was cremated and his brain was “stolen,” 1955
On April 18, 1955 — 60 years ago today — the pioneering physicist Albert Einstein died. Einstein developed the general theory of relativity, a pillar of modern physics; published more than 300 scientific papers; and he received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics “for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect” — a pivotal development in establishing quantum theory.

Einstein’s mathematical abilities and his creative way of thinking were so revered even while he was alive that, almost immediately upon his death, pathologist Thomas Stoltz Harvey removed Einstein’s brain, weighed it, then dissected it into several pieces. Although Dr. Harvey acted independently without any authority from Einstein’s family, he later gotEinstein’s son’s perm... altro »

Today in History: Einstein Died—His body was cremated and his brain was “stolen,” 1955
On April 18, 1955 — 60 years ago today — the pioneering physicist Albert Einstein died. Einstein developed the general theory of relativity, a pillar of modern physics; published more than 300 scientific papers; and he received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics “for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect” — a pivotal development in establishing quantum theory.

Einstein’s mathematical abilities and his creative way of thinking were so revered even while he was alive that, almost immediately upon his death, pathologist Thomas Stoltz Harvey removed Einstein’s brain, weighed it, then dissected it into several pieces. Although Dr. Harvey acted independently without any authority from Einstein’s family, he later got Einstein’s son’s permission to use the brain for scientific purposes. In 2010, Dr. Harvey’s heirs transferred all the Einstein brain holdings to the National Museum of Health and Medicine. In addition, 46 small portions of Einstein’s brain were acquired and are on exhibit at Philadelphia’s Mutter Museum. 

YouTube videos:
•“My Search for Einstein’s Brain”: Steven Levy at TEDxBeacon Street (length 14:44). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v9_jWyHycIY

Web sources:
•https://medium.com/backchannel/yes-i-found-einstein-s-brain-c3834429e4d5
•http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/2014/04/21/the-tragic-story-of-how-einsteins-brain-was-stolen-and-wasnt-even-special/
•http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/why-albert-einstein-genius-theory-relativity-loved-pipe-180954991/?no-ist
•http://www.biography.com/people/albert-einstein-9285408
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Einstein
•http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0314.html

Book sources:
• Driving Mr. Albert: A Trip Across America with Einstein’s Brain by Michael Paterniti. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/038533303X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=038533303X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=KCNR7RFAZAL226MN
• Possessing Genius: The Bizarre Odyssey of Einstein’s Brain by Carolyn Abraham. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1840465492/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1840465492&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=PRNB26VCFZU7B5KN

Image credits:
•Top: A series of photos of Einstein at various ages. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Einstein
•Bottom: Einstein’s office the day he died. By Ralph Morse—Time and Life Pictures/Getty Images. http://time.com/3494553/the-day-albert-einstein-died-a-photographers-story/___

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2015-04-17 02:54:47 (61 comments, 71 reshares, 350 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Nearly “Lost in Space” Apollo 13 Mission Successfully Returned to Earth, 1970
On April 17, 1970 — 45 years ago today — Apollo 13 successfully returned from a near-fatal trip around the Moon for its 3 astronauts, 600-Space Hour Veteran Commander James A. Lovell, Command Module Pilot Jack Swigert, and Lunar Module Pilot Fred W. Haise. Apollo 13 was the third manned mission to the Moon; men going to the moon had become so routine to the public that the Apollo 13 launch was not even covered by the major television networks. The launch did begin in a routine way with the astronauts headed for the Moon. Oddly enough, on April 13, when the Apollo 13 spacecraft was about 200,000 miles from Earth, the service module’s oxygen tanks exploded (as a result of an electrical short-circut), blew off a panel on the service module (see photo below), and crippled theirspacecraf... altro »

Today in History: Nearly “Lost in Space” Apollo 13 Mission Successfully Returned to Earth, 1970
On April 17, 1970 — 45 years ago today — Apollo 13 successfully returned from a near-fatal trip around the Moon for its 3 astronauts, 600-Space Hour Veteran Commander James A. Lovell, Command Module Pilot Jack Swigert, and Lunar Module Pilot Fred W. Haise. Apollo 13 was the third manned mission to the Moon; men going to the moon had become so routine to the public that the Apollo 13 launch was not even covered by the major television networks. The launch did begin in a routine way with the astronauts headed for the Moon. Oddly enough, on April 13, when the Apollo 13 spacecraft was about 200,000 miles from Earth, the service module’s oxygen tanks exploded (as a result of an electrical short-circut), blew off a panel on the service module (see photo below), and crippled their spacecraft — perhaps so much so that the astronauts would be “lost in space.”

The explosion caused a loss of electrical power to the command module. When its battery power had dwindled to 15 minutes left, the command module was shut down to reserve this power for eventual re-entry maneuvering. A decision was quickly made to abort the moon landing and to focus on how to return the astronauts to Earth, if possible. The Lunar Module was powered up and the astronauts transferred to the module to use its air-supply resources. As the astronauts were now close to the Moon, another decision was made to use the “boomerang” gravity effect of the Moon to send Apollo 13 back to Earth as soon as possible. Careful positioning firing of rockets needed to be made in order to target the Pacific Ocean landing zone.

There were no seats in the Lunar Module, but a near gravity free environment made standing and resting easier than it would have been on Earth. But because overall power was being conserved as much as possible, the temperatures in the Lunar Module became quite cold (Lovell said that just before they transferred back into the Command Module prior to re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere, the temperature had gone down to 38° F). Moreover, the Apollo was not designed for this configuration: the Lunar Module was designed to descend to the Moon only and to return to the Command and Service Module. The Lunar Module was not designed to guide the entire spacecraft, so ground controllers had to make careful calculations about how to maneuver the spacecraft using the Lunar Module’s engines.

As the spacecraft approached Earth, the astronauts transferred back into the Command Module with little life-supply support time left — just enough to execute critical rocket-firing positioning. It was not known if the Service Module explosion had damaged the heat shield on the Command Module that was essential for re-entry. So the normal “black-out” time in radio communication (usually about 3-½ minutes) with the spacecraft as it enters the atmosphere and its parachutes deploy was harrowing, especially because it was almost 4-½ minutes until the astronauts’ voices were heard and spontaneous applause erupted in Mission Control. The astronauts were coming down within a few miles of the splashdown target zone in the Pacific Ocean! And by this time, people all over the world had learned about the danger of this flight and were glued to their televisions to watch the recovery!

YouTube videos:
•“Houston, We’ve Got a Problem” (length 28:20). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sJ3Q3kL7jcA
•Apollo 13 — The Real Story (length 40:05). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h3RSqdj_VnY
•Apollo 13 Re-entry (length 01:00:59). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wX8-Vmys-Fk
•Apollo 13 Post-Flight Press Conference (01:15:54). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lMMw2QIHBLs
•40th Anniversary of Apollo 13 — Annual John H. Glenn Lecture (length 01:26:56). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nDqkBccEcb0

Web sources:
•http://airandspace.si.edu/explore-and-learn/topics/apollo/apollo-program/landing-missions/apollo13.cfm
•http://spectrum.ieee.org/aerospace/space-flight/apollo-13-we-have-a-solution
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_13
•https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/missions/apollo13.html
•http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Apollo_13_passing_Moon.jpg
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Lovell
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Swigert
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fred_Haise

Book & Documentary Film sources:
• Apollo 13: The Untold Story. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00HNMMJKW/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00HNMMJKW&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=IUC4BVRAKRZIU2PT

Memorabilia 
• Apollo 13 by Ron Howard — a “dramatization” not a documentary. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B001JI72AI/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B001JI72AI&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=JIBNPZBQB6CJHGIF

Image credits:
•Top Left: Apollo 13 service module with damage from an oxygen tank explosion (external panel blown off exposing inside destruction).  By James Lovell, John Swigert, Fred Haise (The Apollo Image Gallery) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.
•Top Center: Apollo 13 headlines regarding oxygen tank explosion on April 13, 1970. http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0413.html
•Top Right: A photograph of the Moon taken by the Apollo 13 astronaut crew from the Lunar Module (command module is visible outside the Lunar Module’s rendezvous window). By James Lovell, John Swigert, Fred Haise (The Apollo Image Gallery) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AApollo_13_passing_Moon.jpg
•Bottom Left: Apollo 13 command capsule with parachutes deployed in preparation for a landing in the Pacific Ocean. Frame from Apollo 13: The Untold Story.
•Bottom Center: Apollo 13 command capsule at the moment of splashdown in the Pacific Ocean. NASA photograph.
•Bottom Right: Apollo 13 astronauts on the stairs of the rescue helicopter on the recovery U.S. Navy ship. Frame from Apollo 13: The Untold Story.

Please also see this document: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1se0Vn9t190Wi--7ripDYtnQt-8ucb4oIN4mqIh12oco/edit
Apollo 13 circumlunar trajectory; the oxygen tank exploxed about 5-½ hours from entry into the Moon’s gravity field. The Lunar Module had to execute a number of unplanned rocket firings to correct the course so that splashdown would occur in the Pacific Ocean. By AndrewBuck (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AApollo_13_timeline.svg___

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2015-04-16 05:02:24 (1 comments, 2 reshares, 7 +1s)Open 

On Demand Revolution
Jason’s “Shots of Awe” brief videos are often more stimulating than a good cup of coffee. This video is just under 3 minutes — and it amplifies on Kevin Kelly’s concept that “access is more important than ownership” in the new economy.


+Jason Silva ​ takes something I wrote and amplifies it, turning the dial to 11.  

THE ON DEMAND REVOLUTION-
"Access is more important than ownership" - Kevin Kelly
WATCH: http://youtu.be/rgTjKM4C9D___On Demand Revolution
Jason’s “Shots of Awe” brief videos are often more stimulating than a good cup of coffee. This video is just under 3 minutes — and it amplifies on Kevin Kelly’s concept that “access is more important than ownership” in the new economy.

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2015-04-16 04:48:45 (52 comments, 62 reshares, 243 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Apple II Computer Debuted at Computer Faire
On April 16, 1977 — 38 years ago today — the Apple II debuted at the first West Coast Computer Faire. The Faire was organized by Jim Warren of The Homebrew Computer Club, which was an early computer hobbyist group in Silicon Valley that included Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak (the founders of Apple). In order to launch the Apple II as a consumer product (rather than just a computer for hobbyists), Jobs understood that the product needed to look “simple and elegant,” enclosed in a sleek case made of light molded plastic  — not something that could be fabricated in a standard metal shop — and that such design would require significantly more capital than they could borrow, so Jobs attracted investor Mike Markkula (a 33 year old, retired millionaire who had made money on his stock at Fairchild). Markkula ended up playing acritical rol... altro »

Today in History: Apple II Computer Debuted at Computer Faire
On April 16, 1977 — 38 years ago today — the Apple II debuted at the first West Coast Computer Faire. The Faire was organized by Jim Warren of The Homebrew Computer Club, which was an early computer hobbyist group in Silicon Valley that included Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak (the founders of Apple). In order to launch the Apple II as a consumer product (rather than just a computer for hobbyists), Jobs understood that the product needed to look “simple and elegant,” enclosed in a sleek case made of light molded plastic  — not something that could be fabricated in a standard metal shop — and that such design would require significantly more capital than they could borrow, so Jobs attracted investor Mike Markkula (a 33 year old, retired millionaire who had made money on his stock at Fairchild). Markkula ended up playing a critical role at Apple for the next 20 years; he shared Jobs’s vision of Apple building a product to revolutionize the world and bring the power of computing to every individual. The Apple II was the first product offering in this direction.

YouTube videos:
•Apple II, 1977 (silent; length 5:00). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CxJwy8NsXFs
•Apple II Review (length 12:48). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mjd7pN57nU4
•Steve Wozniak on Apple Beginnings (length 05:21). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pJif4i9NRdI05:21)

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Coast_Computer_Faire
•http://techland.time.com/2012/04/16/apple-ii-forever-a-35th-anniversary-tribute-to-apples-first-iconic-product/
•http://apple2history.org/history/ah03/
•http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/personal-computers/17/300
•http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/personal-computers/17/312
•http://www.atariarchives.org/deli/homebrew_and_how_the_apple.php

Book sources:
• Sophistication and Simplicity: The Life and Times of the Apple II by Steven Weyhrich. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0986832278/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0986832278&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5XKYQXSMEGFH4T32
• Steve Jobs by Walter Isaacson (Chapter 6 on “The Apple II: Dawn of a New Age”). http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0986832278/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0986832278&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5XKYQXSMEGFH4T32

Image credits:
•Top: Apple II from frame of https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CxJwy8NsXFs
•Bottom Left: Apple II ad. http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/personal-computers/17/300
•Bottom Right: Steve Jobs (left) and Steve Wozniak (right) at the First West Coast Computer Faire. http://ww2.kqed.org/news/2011/10/06/steve-jobs-and-the-bay-area___

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2015-04-15 04:21:03 (3 comments, 14 reshares, 23 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Unsinkable “technology-marvel” Titanic sank, 1912
On April 15, 1912 — 103 years ago today — what was unimaginable to its captain and its owners became a real catastrophe: The Titanic sank at sea after hitting an iceberg just minutes before midnight on April 14. Of the 2,227 passengers on the Titanic, only 705 survived — over 1,500 people lost their lives. 

The captain was not running the Titanic at full speed, but — as was common practice at the time — at moderate speed to get through potential ice fields as quickly as possible. Most recent scientific analysis indicates that weak rivets were most likely responsible for the hull not being able to sustain a hit with an iceberg. Not enough life boats were carried to save all the passengers, as it had been assumed by the ship’s owners that the ship was unsinkable.

YouTube videos:•Titanic: Orig... altro »

Today in History: Unsinkable “technology-marvel” Titanic sank, 1912
On April 15, 1912 — 103 years ago today — what was unimaginable to its captain and its owners became a real catastrophe: The Titanic sank at sea after hitting an iceberg just minutes before midnight on April 14. Of the 2,227 passengers on the Titanic, only 705 survived — over 1,500 people lost their lives. 

The captain was not running the Titanic at full speed, but — as was common practice at the time — at moderate speed to get through potential ice fields as quickly as possible. Most recent scientific analysis indicates that weak rivets were most likely responsible for the hull not being able to sustain a hit with an iceberg. Not enough life boats were carried to save all the passengers, as it had been assumed by the ship’s owners that the ship was unsinkable.

YouTube videos:
•Titanic: Original 1912 photographs (length 04:31). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xD9-z6Nw2FM
•Titanic Real Story: Full Documentary (including virtual reconstruction of the ship from its 15 square mile graveyard; length 01:26:30). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GFhLpXq2cMk
•Titanic Survivors: What They Saw (part 1; length 04:14). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ez_iSh5JqVo
•Titanic Survivors: What They Saw (part 2; length 05:05). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sVEvbEE0pwc
•RMS Titanic Survivors True Accounts of the Sinking (length 01:35:08). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zfn1ZQFJcHw
•Titanic Disaster from the Disaster Channel (length 46:02). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s0aUiYXKWas
•Titanic Underwater (length 07:08). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=68oCMs3X1lU

Web sources:
•http://www.history.com/topics/titanic
•http://hf.ro/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RMS_Titanic
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Night_to_Remember_(book)
•http://thetitanicnhdproject.weebly.com/quotes-from-survivors.html
•http://www.titanicuniverse.com/titanic-the-unsinkable-ship/1443
•http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2012/04/16/unsinkable-3

Book sources:
• A Night to Remember: The Classic Account of the Final Hours of the Titanic by Walter Lord. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0805077642/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0805077642&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=IS7TIEERTOQAV7I3
• 882-½ Amazing Answers to Your Questions about the Titanic by Hugh Brewster, Laurie Coulter, and Ken Marschall. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0439042968/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0439042968&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=3L2JDNXDTMN4QV2B
• The Titanic: An Interactive History Adventure: 3 Story Paths, 35 Choices, 15 Endings by Bob Temple. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1429611820/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1429611820&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=SWYNINXYTJ6OP5Y2
• National Geographic Readers: Titanic by Melissa Stewart. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1426310595/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1426310595&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=UGREVDTF3LDAAKT6
• Inside the Titanic (A Giant Cutaway Book) by Hugh Brewster and Ken Marschall. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0316557161/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0316557161&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=2R7ZZMBIESUGCIHP
• Titanic: An Illustrated History by Donald Lynch, Ken Marschall, and Robert D. Ballard. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/078688147X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=078688147X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=GKV3WMDZHXHJQNDO

Image credits:
•Top: The Titanic on April 11, 1912 in Cork Harbour. By Unknown photographer, photo taken on April 11, 1912 [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ATitanic-Cobh-Harbour-1912.JPG
•Center Left: The Boston Globe Headline: “Titanic Sinks, 1500 Die.” http://www.titanicuniverse.com/where-did-the-titanic-sink/2428
•Center Right: Map of the Titanic voyage, indicating the approximate spot of its sinking. By Prioryman (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ATitanic_voyage_map.png
•Bottom Left: Titanic size comparison. By Wikisearcher, Phrood, Sonnenwind, Bruce89, Rogilbert (Image:Vergleich Titanic.png) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AVergleich_Titanic_(fr).png
•Bottom Right: According to Underwater Explorer Robert Ballard, shoes of mother and daughter (bodies are eaten by marine animals, decompose, and bones dissolve at the Titanic’s depth, although some skeletal remains may eventually be found deep inside the ship’s internal rooms). Frame from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l25QT9YFQFM___

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2015-04-14 05:16:03 (2 comments, 1 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

Today in History: First 10-Day East-West Mail Arrived, 1860
On April 14, 1860 — 155 years ago today — Pony Express mail arrived in San Francisco, California and proved that mail coming from the Eastern United States could be delivered to California within its 10-day guaranteed delivery time. Of course, unlike today’s nearly instant email delivery, the Pony Express required, as a Help Wanted poster described, “young skinny, wiry fellows not over 18 … willing to risk death daily … Orphans preferred.” The New York Times reported, the first day that Pony Express mail arrived in San Francisco, “...citizens paraded the streets with bands of music, fireworks were set off … the best feeling was manifested by everybody.”

The Pony Express — a news, mail, and small package delivery service — opened to enhance communications, especially between people who lived on bothcoasts of an expanding ... altro »

Today in History: First 10-Day East-West Mail Arrived, 1860
On April 14, 1860 — 155 years ago today — Pony Express mail arrived in San Francisco, California and proved that mail coming from the Eastern United States could be delivered to California within its 10-day guaranteed delivery time. Of course, unlike today’s nearly instant email delivery, the Pony Express required, as a Help Wanted poster described, “young skinny, wiry fellows not over 18 … willing to risk death daily … Orphans preferred.” The New York Times reported, the first day that Pony Express mail arrived in San Francisco, “...citizens paraded the streets with bands of music, fireworks were set off … the best feeling was manifested by everybody.”

The Pony Express — a news, mail, and small package delivery service — opened to enhance communications, especially between people who lived on both coasts of an expanding American continent. This new service debuted decades before radios and telephones were in wide use and relied upon horses and rider relay teams to complete a nearly 2,000-mile route that stretched from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California and onto San Francisco, California. 

At its peak, the Pony Express used more than 100 stations, 80 riders, and up to 500 horses. However, the service lasted only 19 months, as it was quickly obsoleted by newer technology — the Pacific Telegraph line made communications over the long route almost instantaneous, certainly much quicker than the 10 days it generally took horseback riders with saddlebags to cross the extremely hazardous route. Interestingly, despite the dangerous trail, only one mail delivery was ever lost.

YouTube videos:
•The Pony Express: Wells Fargo and the History of the American West (length 03:06). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y1R-GeEd95c

Web sources:
•http://ponyexpress.org/pony-express-historical-timeline/
•http://ponyexpress.org/history/
•http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/pony-express-debuts
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pony_Express
•http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/on-this-day/april-3/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Telegraph_Company
•http://www.nps.gov/poex/learn/historyculture/index.htm
•https://books.google.com/books?id=rwQXTcXs1EkC&pg=PA16&lpg=PA16&dq=Pony+Express+newspaper+headlines&source=bl&ots=ujhsrYBOda&sig=nTbdA0hV2FVCM-VJWtY-_--dNI4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=-1sqVZbiOInasATYr4CwCQ&ved=0CDUQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=Pony%20Express%20newspaper%20headlines&f=false

Book sources:
• The Saga of the Pony Express by Joseph J. Di Certo. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0878424520/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0878424520&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5UJMTEXOI6IU43S3
• The Pony Express: The History and Legacy of America’s Most Famous Mail Service by Charles River Editors. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00GMPHNDY/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00GMPHNDY&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=H2GZGPFHSPP7IP6V

Image credits:
•Top: Pony Express route, 1860, including “home” and “relay” stops.
•Bottom Left: Pony Express Advertisement.
•Bottom Middle: Pony Express Help Wanted poster.
•Bottom Right Top: Pony Express messenger badge.
•Bottom Right Middle: Pony Express mochila bag at the Smithsonian National Postal Museum. By Smithsonian National Postal Museum [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3APony_Express_mochila_exhibit.jpg
•Bottom Right Bottom: One of the first Pony Express riders.

#history #ponyexpress___

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2015-04-13 05:51:20 (1 comments, 3 reshares, 21 +1s)Open 

Today in History: First East-to-West Transatlantic Flight Completed, 1928
On April 13, 1928 — 87 years ago today — the first East-to-West non-stop transatlantic flight crash landed on Greenly Island, Canada after taking off about 36-½ to 37 hours earlier from Baldonnel, Ireland. The flight was piloted by Hermann Koehl, James Fitzmaurice, and Guenther von Huenefeld. Their plane was a single-engine, all metal “Junkersmonoplane” (a.k.a. “The Junkers W 33 Bremen”). The plane was damaged on landing and the pilots had to be rescued; it never made it to the final destination, Mitchell Field, New York, but it did complete a long stretch over the Atlantic from one continent to another.

Charles Lindberg had made the first solo West-to-East transatlantic flight a year earlier, in May, 1927. The East-to-West trip was considered by many aviators to be much more challenging, as aconsequence ... altro »

Today in History: First East-to-West Transatlantic Flight Completed, 1928
On April 13, 1928 — 87 years ago today — the first East-to-West non-stop transatlantic flight crash landed on Greenly Island, Canada after taking off about 36-½ to 37 hours earlier from Baldonnel, Ireland. The flight was piloted by Hermann Koehl, James Fitzmaurice, and Guenther von Huenefeld. Their plane was a single-engine, all metal “Junkersmonoplane” (a.k.a. “The Junkers W 33 Bremen”). The plane was damaged on landing and the pilots had to be rescued; it never made it to the final destination, Mitchell Field, New York, but it did complete a long stretch over the Atlantic from one continent to another.

Charles Lindberg had made the first solo West-to-East transatlantic flight a year earlier, in May, 1927. The East-to-West trip was considered by many aviators to be much more challenging, as a consequence of prevailing headwinds and unforeseen weather patterns.

YouTube videos:
•1928 Transatlantic Flight of the Bremen Aircraft mini-documentary (no sound, music; lenth 03:45). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7t2TsCYECpo 
•Original German film footage of the planning, take-off, crash landing, rescue of the crew, and post-flight celebrations of the first East-to-West transatlantic flight in April, 1928, beginning from Berlin (silent; length 12:16). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NU7Sa8QcLCw
•Slideshow of first plane to cross the Atlantic Ocean East-to-West (caution-loud music; length 01:04): Junkers W 33 Bremen. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zSyU55SPBCA

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bremen_(aircraft)
•http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0004537.html
•http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hermann_K%C3%B6hl
•http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ehrenfried_G%C3%BCnther_Freiherr_von_H%C3%BCnefeld
•http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Fitzmaurice
•http://www.edwardnjackson.com/Daily_News.html
•http://www.charleslindbergh.com/history/paris.asp
•http://www.charleslindbergh.com/history/timeline.asp

Book sources:
• Transatlantic Flight: A Picture History, 1873-1939 by Joshua Stoff. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0486407276/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0486407276&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=6OYDM6K4RYUVS5E2

Memorabilia:
•1928 Newspaper Headline of First East-to-West Transatlantic Flight. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00QL4IVUU/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00QL4IVUU&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=WOGRAQP3QRJV5XS2
•Junkers plane, similar to plane used in first East-to-West transatlantic flight. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B003IF9VFY/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B003IF9VFY&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=L4SHZJIWUWJJQMQC

Image credits:
•Top: “Junkers” plane at its crash landing spot. By Edward N. Jackson (Library and Archives Canada / PA-126212) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AJunkers_aircraft_Bremen.jpg
•Bottom Left: Google Map of origination and destination point of first East-West flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
•Bottom Right: (from left to right) Mrs. Hermann Koehl, Hermann Koel, James Fitzmaurice, German Chancellor Wilhelm Marx, Guenther von Huenefeld, and the Finance Minister of Germany. Bundesarchiv, Bild 102-06094 / CC-BY-SA [CC BY-SA 3.0 de (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/de/deed.en)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ABundesarchiv_Bild_102-06094%2C_Berlin%2C_Empfang_der_Ozeanflieger.jpg

#history #monoplane #transatlantic___

2015-04-13 01:48:17 (10 comments, 2 reshares, 16 +1s)Open 

Will SpaceX succeed in landing its first stage rocket on the “autonomous spaceport drone ship”?
Currently planned times on Monday, April 13, 2015, are as follows:
Launch time: 4:33 PM ET
Landing time: 4:42 PM ET

Will SpaceX succeed in landing its first stage rocket on the “autonomous spaceport drone ship”?
Currently planned times on Monday, April 13, 2015, are as follows:
Launch time: 4:33 PM ET
Landing time: 4:42 PM ET___

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2015-04-12 08:56:43 (17 comments, 32 reshares, 130 +1s)Open 

Today in History: First Man Traveled in Space, 1961
On April 12, 1961 — 54 years ago today — Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin performed the first manned-space flight in history. At this point in the Space Race between the 2 super-powers after World War II, the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., the U.S.S.R. was ahead in firsts: 

(1) First satellite launched into space, Sputnik 1, on October 4, 1957.
(2) First animal to enter Earth orbit, Laika (dog), on November 3, 1957.
(3) First firing of a rocket in Earth orbit, Luna 1, and first near pass at Moon, launched January 2, 1959.
(4) First data communications from space (telemetry) during the Luna 1 mission in January, 1959.
(5) First man-made object to reach the surface of the Moon or any other celestial body, on September 14, 1959.
(6) First photographs of the far side of the Moon in late 1959.
(7) First animalsretu... altro »

Today in History: First Man Traveled in Space, 1961
On April 12, 1961 — 54 years ago today — Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin performed the first manned-space flight in history. At this point in the Space Race between the 2 super-powers after World War II, the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., the U.S.S.R. was ahead in firsts: 

(1) First satellite launched into space, Sputnik 1, on October 4, 1957.
(2) First animal to enter Earth orbit, Laika (dog), on November 3, 1957.
(3) First firing of a rocket in Earth orbit, Luna 1, and first near pass at Moon, launched January 2, 1959.
(4) First data communications from space (telemetry) during the Luna 1 mission in January, 1959.
(5) First man-made object to reach the surface of the Moon or any other celestial body, on September 14, 1959.
(6) First photographs of the far side of the Moon in late 1959.
(7) First animals returned safely from orbit, on August 19, 1960.
(8) First man in space on April 11, 1961.

It was this amazing record of early achievements in space by the U.S.S.R. that may have caused U.S. President Kennedy to deliver his famous “Moon Shot” speech before a joint session of Congress the very next month, on May 15, 1961, in which he asked Congress for a funding commitment to land a man on the moon and return him safely.

YouTube videos:
•Yuri Gagarin: 108 minutes that changed the world (length: 03:24). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=umY92y25DrA
•Vostok-1 launch (humankind’s first spaceflight; length 00:56). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfhulSjjGXA&list=PL3C42BA0DE26A29AE&index=17
•Yuri Gagarin, 12 April 1961, First Human in Orbit (no audio narration; length 05:13). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uUDyO3u0QYs
•Yuri Gagarin on BBC TV on July 11, 191 (translator involved; length 06:58). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MzzBr65ZFwM
•Gagarin: Untold Story of First Man in Space (RT documentary; length 25:59). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G6H9zqKtb5w
•https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TUXuV7XbZvU

Web sources:
•http://sputniknews.com/science/20110330/163289008.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuri_Gagarin
•http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-man-in-space
•http://www.space.com/16159-first-man-in-space.html
•http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/sts1/gagarin_anniversary.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_space_exploration_milestones,_1957%E2%80%931969

Book sources:
• The Cosmonaut Who Couldn’t Stop Smiling: The Life and Legend of Yuri Gagarin by Andrew L. Jenks. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B0082D48PA/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B0082D48PA&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=HWEOH72KWCSBVOHI
• The Great Space Race by Don Dennis. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00A8A73IO/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00A8A73IO&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=O2CJBQ7MREK4EAQF

Image credits:
•Top Left: Launch of the Vostok 1, the first manned spaceflight with Yuri Gagarin on board. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/b/b6/Vostok1_big.gif
•Top Middle: Newspaper Headline reporting on the the first manned spaceflight by the U.S.S.R. http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/thedixieflatline/rants/07_pics/gagarin.jpg
•Top Right: Vostok-1 space capsule. http://www.iainclaridge.co.uk/blog/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/vostok1_1.jpg
•Bottom: Vostok-1 informational drawing. http://api.ning.com/files/mepC6MLwLKgWqai7Z4alGH7G5zt-h75*Lc3rx0mwNneMmEjuHWNoXm4Lx9MeegQ0DWOHcifDE4gucs0dwaf7UcraVCePT3-e/vostok1_1600px.jpg

#history #space___

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2015-04-11 08:17:30 (7 comments, 2 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Satellite First Rescued & Repaired in Space, 1984
On April 11, 1984 — 31 years ago today — the first malfunctioning satellite was rescued and repaired in space! Astronauts on board the Space Shuttle Challenger rendezvoused with the Solar Maximum Satellite, used tools and the Shuttle’s extension “arm” to bring the Solar Maximum satellite into the shuttle’s cargo bay where they made repairs to the satellite and then released it back into its observational orbit so it could provide valuable measurements of solar activity.

The U.S. had mastered the difficult procedures required to rendezvous and dock with orbiting spacecraft during its Gemini Program in the early 1960s. So it was relatively easy for the Space Shuttle to track down the Solar Maximum Satellite (SolarMax), which had been placed in an Earth orbit in early 1980 to study the Sun, particularlysolar flare... altro »

Today in History: Satellite First Rescued & Repaired in Space, 1984
On April 11, 1984 — 31 years ago today — the first malfunctioning satellite was rescued and repaired in space! Astronauts on board the Space Shuttle Challenger rendezvoused with the Solar Maximum Satellite, used tools and the Shuttle’s extension “arm” to bring the Solar Maximum satellite into the shuttle’s cargo bay where they made repairs to the satellite and then released it back into its observational orbit so it could provide valuable measurements of solar activity.

The U.S. had mastered the difficult procedures required to rendezvous and dock with orbiting spacecraft during its Gemini Program in the early 1960s. So it was relatively easy for the Space Shuttle to track down the Solar Maximum Satellite (SolarMax), which had been placed in an Earth orbit in early 1980 to study the Sun, particularly solar flares. About 9 months into its mission, the satellite’s attitude control system partially failed — 2 fuses (out of 4) failed. Mission controllers were forced to rely on a back-up system to maintain the proper attitude for observing the sun, and this back-up system caused the satellite to wobble around its sun-positioned orbit. SolarMax had been fitted with a “grapple fixture” in case such an emergency repair would ever be required; the fixture allowed the space shuttle’s arm to capture it, stabilize it, and bring it into the cargo bay if necessary for maintenance work.

Because Solar Max was in a wobble mode to begin with, astronauts first performed an EVA (extravehicular activity = space walk) in an attempt to manually stabilize the satellite. Their actions served only to exacerbate the wobble, so the space shuttle moved closer to the satellite. The first attempt to grab the satellite with the extended robotic arm (nicknamed “Canadarm” because it was primarily developed and manufactured in Canada) was successful, and Canadarm manipulated the satellite into the cargo bay where it was secured and then fixed on a further EVA, and released back into orbit. The space repair enabled SolarMax to provide another 5 years of robust solar data collection before its mission naturally ended in late 1989 when it disintegrated upon its re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere.

YouTube videos:
•Solar Maximum satellite repair: Space Shuttle STS-41-C Post Flight Press Conference Film 1984 (part 1; length 12:21). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eLZvnIEwkF4
•Solar Maximum satellite repair: Space Shuttle STS-41-C Post Flight Press Conference Film 1984 (part 2; length 08:00). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=419rX9-_zBQ

Web sources:
•http://www.csmonitor.com/1984/0411/041131.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_Maximum_Mission
•http://er.jsc.nasa.gov/seh/solmax.html
•http://www.americaspace.com/?p=56478
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/STS-41-C
•https://books.google.com/books?id=WN_CAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA291&lpg=PA291&dq=sts-41+solar+max+cargo+bay&source=bl&ots=9fRKKaf71N&sig=KlRi1-tHn1R3waV2VXkAYH0J5VQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=fAUoVaqzCLCasQS2kICYAg&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAzgK#v=onepage&q=sts-41%20solar%20max%20cargo%20bay&f=false
•http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/shuttle/missions/41-c/mission-41-c.html

Book sources:
• Repairing Solar Max: The Solar Maximum Repair Mission by T. McMahan and V. Neal. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/128727692X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=128727692X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=SMXTTLJTQ7HBWRMM

Image credits:
•Left: Astronauts James D. van Hoften (left) George D. Nelson (right) working together to repair Solar Maximum satellite secured in the cargo bay of Space Shuttle Challenger. By NASA (Great Images in NASA Description) [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ASMMS_repair_by_STS-41C_Astronauts.jpg 
•Right Top: Artist’s drawing of Solar Maximum satellite with labels showing its various components. http://lowres-picturecabinet.com.s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/43/main/9/88321.jpg
•Right Middle: Artist’s drawing of Solar Maximum Rendezvous and Retrieval into Shuttle’s Cargo Bay using its extension arm. http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19840020814.pdf
•Right Bottom: Solar Maximum satellite secured in the cargo bay of the space shuttle. http://www.americaspace.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/41c-solar-max.jpg

#history #space #spacerepair___

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2015-04-10 02:54:28 (4 comments, 8 reshares, 34 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Streaming-media industry launched, 1995
On April 10, 1995 — 20 years ago today — Robert Glaser debuted “RealAudio,” the first software to allow real-time, streaming for the web. And thus, the streaming industry was born! Before RealAudio, web users experienced long waits while audio files, which usually contained huge amounts of data, downloaded completely. With Glaser’s streaming technology, the user could begin listening immediately as a data stream began flowing as soon as the user clicked on an audio file. RealAudio caught on quickly with web users, especially because Glaser offered the RealAudio software for free and charged web-media companies for server software. 

[I need a paragraph here that describes what has happened in the streaming industry since Glaser’s launch of RealAudio.]

YouTube videos:
•Interview with Rob Glaser,Founder of Rea... altro »

Today in History: Streaming-media industry launched, 1995
On April 10, 1995 — 20 years ago today — Robert Glaser debuted “RealAudio,” the first software to allow real-time, streaming for the web. And thus, the streaming industry was born! Before RealAudio, web users experienced long waits while audio files, which usually contained huge amounts of data, downloaded completely. With Glaser’s streaming technology, the user could begin listening immediately as a data stream began flowing as soon as the user clicked on an audio file. RealAudio caught on quickly with web users, especially because Glaser offered the RealAudio software for free and charged web-media companies for server software. 

[I need a paragraph here that describes what has happened in the streaming industry since Glaser’s launch of RealAudio.]

YouTube videos:
•Interview with Rob Glaser, Founder of RealNetworks. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=INe7DaUe2BQ

Web sources:
•https://books.google.com/books?id=qi-ItIG6QLwC&pg=PA121&lpg=PA121&dq=robert+glaser+releases+realaudio+%22april+10%22&source=bl&ots=uyQNAzS4FH&sig=eMB2cVBYQ4zCdzgUg00fOUJbHR4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=qYgmVavgA9TIsAS1noC4Ag&ved=0CB4Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=robert%20glaser%20releases%20realaudio%20%22april%2010%22&f=false
•http://www.realnetworks.com/our-story/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RealAudio
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Audio_codec
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streaming_media

Book sources:
• Streaming Audio: The FezGuys Guide by Jon Luini and Allen Whitman. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0735712808/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0735712808&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=7YEOZFMMUHUAYUQV
• Awakening: The Music Industry in the Digital Age by Mark Mulligan. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00VUA29I0/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00VUA29I0&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=LSV2YPGGFIWBRXKH

Image credits:
•Right: Robert Glaser, inventor of RealAudio. http://www.quotessays.com/images/rob-glaser-6.jpg
•Left Bottom: 1995 RealAudio logo.

#streaming #streamingmusic #realaudio___

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2015-04-09 05:15:33 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 10 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Facebook acquired photo-sharing network, Instagram, 2012
On April 9, 2012 — 3 years ago today — Facebook acquired Instagram, the photo-sharing network that was just 1-½ years old, had only 13 employees, but had attracted 30 million iPhone users and was growing exponentially. Instagram was being courted by both Twitter and Facebook. Kara Swisher reported that Twitter was offering in the mid-$500 million for Instagram (all of the offered price in stock and no cash). Zuckerberg of Facebook quickly befriended the CEO of Instagram, Kevin Systrom, invited Systrom into his home for an intensive conversation about mutual goals, and offered Systrom $1 billion for Instagram, including $300 million in cash. The deal was accepted and announced on this day in 2012 (over a month before the Facebook IPO).

Instagram was co-founded by Kevin Systrom, a Stanford Universitygrad... altro »

Today in History: Facebook acquired photo-sharing network, Instagram, 2012
On April 9, 2012 — 3 years ago today — Facebook acquired Instagram, the photo-sharing network that was just 1-½ years old, had only 13 employees, but had attracted 30 million iPhone users and was growing exponentially. Instagram was being courted by both Twitter and Facebook. Kara Swisher reported that Twitter was offering in the mid-$500 million for Instagram (all of the offered price in stock and no cash). Zuckerberg of Facebook quickly befriended the CEO of Instagram, Kevin Systrom, invited Systrom into his home for an intensive conversation about mutual goals, and offered Systrom $1 billion for Instagram, including $300 million in cash. The deal was accepted and announced on this day in 2012 (over a month before the Facebook IPO).

Instagram was co-founded by Kevin Systrom, a Stanford University graduate with a B.S. in management science and engineering. While at Stanford, Systrom interned for Twitter (actually for Odeo, before it became Twitter). After graduating, Systrom worked for 2 years at Google in product marketing for Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Docs, Google Spreadsheets, and later in Corporate Development. He left Google to join “Nextstop,” a location/business recommendation startup founded by ex-Googlers.

When Nextstop was acquired by Facebook in 2010, Systrom started a company, “Burbn,” with Mike Krieger, a friend that Systrom had met through Stanford. Initially, Systrom and Krieger wrote Nextstop in HTML5 to be a check-in service, like Foursquare, including additional features, such as planning recurring visits, earning points for meeting friends, posting photos, commenting. As the product was slow in growing, Systrom and Krieger recalled a lesson they had learned at Stanford and through their brief work experiences: Users do not want a complicated product.

Inasmuch as Systrom had always been interested in photography, they decided to focus on one specific feature and make it an app for the iPhone — photo-sharing, and call it Instagram (a combination of “instant” and “telegram”). After focusing on this single app, Systrom and Krieger found themselves with a company worth $1 billion (at least to Mark Zuckerberg) within 18 months! .

YouTube videos:
•Interview by Kevin Rose of Instagram Founder, Kevin Systrom. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IPigMKugJhY
•Jason Silva on the Instagram Generation (02:31). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QEUnYah1aRw
•Mark Zuckerberg: Building the Facebook Empire. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5WiDIhIkPoM

Web sources:
•http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2012/04/09/facebook-buys-instagram-for-1-billion/?_r=0
•http://techcrunch.com/2012/04/09/facebook-to-acquire-instagram-for-1-billion/
•http://business.time.com/2013/04/09/a-year-later-instagram-hasnt-made-a-dime-was-it-worth-1-billion/
•http://fortune.com/2012/04/09/breaking-facebook-buying-instagram-for-1-billion/
•http://www.vanityfair.com/news/business/2013/06/kara-swisher-instagram
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instagram
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kevin_Systrom
•http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/facebook/9195380/Whos-getting-rich-from-Facebooks-1bn-Instagram-deal.html

Book sources:
• The Instagram Book by Steve Crist. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1623260353/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1623260353&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=VB3M7LEIL7EW3C5B
• Instagram Marketing on Fire by Anthony Joiner. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00JSJWYBM/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00JSJWYBM&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5FDFTM22O7PNYDTM
• Instagram: Insider Tips and Secrets on How to Gain Followers and Likes that Work Fast by Neo Monefa. http://www.amazon.com/Instagram-Followers-Marketing-Business-Professional-ebook/dp/B00TGHF8D2/ref=pd_sim_b_3?ie=UTF8&refRID=1051WGQVEN37SHFBKGRG

Image credits:
•Top: Instagram logo. http://zoompf.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/instagram-logo-side.jpg
•Middle Left: Kevin Systrom, Founder of Instagram. By TechCrunch [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AKevin_Systrom_2013_(cropped).jpg
•Middle Right: Mark Zuckerberg, the Happy Acquirer. Reuters/Rick Wilking via Business Insider. http://www.businessinsider.com/yc-funds-mark-zuckerberg-look-alike-2013-5
•Bottom: Facebook logo. http://www.osnc.net/facebook-logo.jpg

#history #instagram #facebook #systrom #zuckerbergmonth before the Facebook IPO).

Instagram was co-founded by Kevin Systrom, a Stanford University graduate with a B.S. in management science and engineering. While at Stanford, Systrom interned for Twitter (actually for Odeo, before it became Twitter). After graduating, Systrom worked for 2 years at Google in product marketing for Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Docs, Google Spreadsheets, and later in Corporate Development. He left Google to join “Nextstop,” a location/business recommendation startup founded by ex-Googlers. When Nextstop was acquired by Facebook in 2010, Systrom started a company, “Burbn,” with Mike Krieger, a friend that Systrom had met through Stanford. Initially, Systrom and Krieger wrote Nextstop in HTML5 to be a check-in service, like Foursquare, including additional features, such as planning recurring visits, earning points for meeting friends, posting photos, commenting. As the product was slow in growing, Systrom and Krieger recalled a lesson they had learned at Stanford and through their brief work experiences: Users do not want a complicated product. Inasmuch as Systrom had always been interested in photography, they decided to focus on one specific feature and make it an app for the iPhone — photo-sharing, and call it Instagram (a combination of “instant” and “telegram”). After focusing on this single app, Systrom and Krieger found themselves with a company worth $1 billion within 18 months! (at least to Mark Zuckerberg).

YouTube videos:
•Interview by Kevin Rose of Instagram Founder, Kevin Systrom. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IPigMKugJhY
•Jason Silva on the Instagram Generation (02:31). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QEUnYah1aRw
•Mark Zuckerberg: Building the Facebook Empire. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5WiDIhIkPoM

Web sources:
•http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2012/04/09/facebook-buys-instagram-for-1-billion/?_r=0
•http://techcrunch.com/2012/04/09/facebook-to-acquire-instagram-for-1-billion/
•http://business.time.com/2013/04/09/a-year-later-instagram-hasnt-made-a-dime-was-it-worth-1-billion/
•http://fortune.com/2012/04/09/breaking-facebook-buying-instagram-for-1-billion/
•http://www.vanityfair.com/news/business/2013/06/kara-swisher-instagram
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instagram
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kevin_Systrom
•http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/facebook/9195380/Whos-getting-rich-from-Facebooks-1bn-Instagram-deal.html

Book sources:
• The Instagram Book by Steve Crist. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1623260353/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1623260353&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=VB3M7LEIL7EW3C5B
• Instagram Marketing on Fire by Anthony Joiner. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00JSJWYBM/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00JSJWYBM&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=5FDFTM22O7PNYDTM
• Instagram: Insider Tips and Secrets on How to Gain Followers and Likes that Work Fast by Neo Monefa. http://www.amazon.com/Instagram-Followers-Marketing-Business-Professional-ebook/dp/B00TGHF8D2/ref=pd_sim_b_3?ie=UTF8&refRID=1051WGQVEN37SHFBKGRG

Image credits:
•Top: Instagram logo. http://zoompf.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/instagram-logo-side.jpg
•Middle Left: Kevin Systrom, Founder of Instagram. By TechCrunch [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AKevin_Systrom_2013_(cropped).jpg
•Middle Right: Mark Zuckerberg, the Happy Acquirer. Reuters/Rick Wilking via Business Insider. http://www.businessinsider.com/yc-funds-mark-zuckerberg-look-alike-2013-5
•Bottom: Facebook logo. http://www.osnc.net/facebook-logo.jpg

#history #instagram #facebook #systrom #zuckerberg___

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2015-04-08 05:35:28 (24 comments, 35 reshares, 266 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Unmanned Gemini 1 Launched, 1964
On April 8, 1964 — 51 years ago today — NASA launched an unmanned Gemini spacecraft, Gemini 1, the first Gemini launch in what was the second major step of NASA’s ambitious project to land a man on the Moon and return him safely to Earth. NASA’s ambitious moon project was announced by President John F. Kennedy on May 25, 1961 — just 3 weeks after NASA had launched the first astronaut into a suborbital space flight. President Kennedy announced the U.S. goal of sending astronauts to the Moon and returning them safely to Earth by the end of the decade. (President Kennedy was also quite aware of the “astronomical” costs of this mission; and, at one point before his death in a speech at the United Nations, Kennedy suggested that the U.S. and U.S.S.R. might want to cooperate on such a mission.) In response to President Kennedy’snational goal, ... altro »

Today in History: Unmanned Gemini 1 Launched, 1964
On April 8, 1964 — 51 years ago today — NASA launched an unmanned Gemini spacecraft, Gemini 1, the first Gemini launch in what was the second major step of NASA’s ambitious project to land a man on the Moon and return him safely to Earth. NASA’s ambitious moon project was announced by President John F. Kennedy on May 25, 1961 — just 3 weeks after NASA had launched the first astronaut into a suborbital space flight. President Kennedy announced the U.S. goal of sending astronauts to the Moon and returning them safely to Earth by the end of the decade. (President Kennedy was also quite aware of the “astronomical” costs of this mission; and, at one point before his death in a speech at the United Nations, Kennedy suggested that the U.S. and U.S.S.R. might want to cooperate on such a mission.) In response to President Kennedy’s national goal, NASA developed a 3-part program (some of it underway at the time of President Kennedy’s national goal speech) to complete the staggering goal:

1. The Mercury Program (already underway) — using a space vehicle for only 1 astronaut. The vehicle was not maneuverable by astronaut. There were 2 unmanned and 7 manned flights in the Mercury Program (November 21, 1960 to May 15, 1963). 

2. The Gemini Program — using a space vehicle for 2 astronauts. The launch of Gemini 1 on April 8, 1964 marked the beginning of the 2-manned space capsule, but this first mission was designed to test the new launch vehicle and the structural integrity of the system. In total, there were 2 unmanned missions, and 10 manned missions in the Gemini Program. (So much progress happened so quickly that it is hard to remember how much needed to be proven on this date in 1964.)

3. The Apollo Program — using a space vehicle for 3 astronauts. There were 17 Apollo flights from February 26, 1966 to December 19, 1972; the first 6 flights were unmanned. Apollo 11 is the flight that first landed men on the Moon in July, 1969 (meeting President Kennedy's goal); 12 men walked on the Moon. 

The first two flights of the Gemini Program (the anniversary of the first flight celebrated herein) were designed to test the structural integrity of the launch vehicle and spacecraft and to test its heat shield, needed for successful re-entry. The remaining 10 flights (March 23, 1965 to November 15, 1966) were manned and had 4 major goals: 

(1) to test how astronauts would perform in long duration flights, such as the 8-day mission requirement to send men to the Moon and return to Earth;
(2) to gain new information about how astronauts would handle weightlessness and understand the physiological ramifications on weightlessness for extended periods;
(3) to learn how to perfect re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere from farther distances and meeting landing targets;
(4) to develop methods for rendezvous and docking with 2 spacecraft — an essential skill to be learned in order to return astronauts to Earth who had landed on the Moon. (To do this, Gemini was equipped with an Orbit Attitude and Maneuvering System (OAMS), with 16 thrusters to enable movement in all directions — forward/backward, left/right, up/down; pitch, yaw, and roll angles.)

YouTube videos:
•Project Gemini — Bridge to the Moon length (51:00). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjM0UM-Mmhk
•Overview of all 3 NASA  manned space programs. “When We Left Earth — The NASA Missions” (length 01:27:32). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KDOLHClNTOI
•Inside Story of the Race to the Moon. “Moon Shot” (PBS 1994; length 03:07:30). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jia78xRMTEc

Web Sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gemini_1
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Mercury
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercury-Redstone_1
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Gemini
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Titan_II_GLV
•http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/gemini/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_program
•http://www.space.com/12771-nasa-apollo-missions-photo-countdown.html

Book Sources:
• Two into the Blue: The Story of the Gemini Launch Program Told by a Man who Participated in Every Launch by Robert L. Adcock. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1436350204/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1436350204&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=ZJIM3NTEFMS3OWQM
• Project Gemini Pocket Space Guide by Steve Whitfield. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/189495954X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=189495954X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=QVQZE6UXQXKZUTS5
• On the Shoulders of Titans: A History of Project Gemini by Barbara C. Hacker and James M. Grimwood. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B008SGT1P8/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B008SGT1P8&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=RMRDBVRVVC5NCGGW

Image Credits:
•Left: Gemini 1 launch on April 8, 1964 atop a Titan-II launch vehicle. By NASA [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AGemini_1.jpg
•Right: Comparison of various sized space rockets and capsules used in the Mercury, Gemini and Apollo programs. http://www.hq.nasa.gov/pao/History/SP-4205/ch5-1.html

#history #gemini #space___

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2015-04-07 05:40:21 (9 comments, 5 reshares, 43 +1s)Open 

Today in History: IBM Introduced the IBM/360 System, 1964
On April 7, 1964 — 51 years ago today — CEO of IBM, Thomas J. Watson, announced a revolutionary computer system, the IBM/360 System. Before the 360, there were a multitude of different business computers, none of which understood or talked to each other. With the 360 line of computers, all of that changed with a revolutionary architecture — programs written on a smaller 360 model computer could run on a larger 360 model computer. As a business expanded, the investment it made in software was leveraged rather than discarded.

Within a few years, IBM’s decision to bet its future on this new line of computers proved to be one of the best business decisions ever made. By 1969, IBM had become so dominant in the computer industry that the Justice Department of the Johnson Administration, on its last day in office, sued IBM foranti-co... altro »

Today in History: IBM Introduced the IBM/360 System, 1964
On April 7, 1964 — 51 years ago today — CEO of IBM, Thomas J. Watson, announced a revolutionary computer system, the IBM/360 System. Before the 360, there were a multitude of different business computers, none of which understood or talked to each other. With the 360 line of computers, all of that changed with a revolutionary architecture — programs written on a smaller 360 model computer could run on a larger 360 model computer. As a business expanded, the investment it made in software was leveraged rather than discarded.

Within a few years, IBM’s decision to bet its future on this new line of computers proved to be one of the best business decisions ever made. By 1969, IBM had become so dominant in the computer industry that the Justice Department of the Johnson Administration, on its last day in office, sued IBM for anti-competitive practices — not allowing other computer manufacturers to run its “360” “all-around” software. IBM spent over a decade defending itself from such charges and the Reagan Administration eventually dismissed the suit. But, in the meantime, Microsoft seized on an opportunity to take advantage of IBM’s best anti-competitive behavior.

Oddly enough, Nicholas Katzenbach, the former head (from 1964 to 1966) of the Johnson Justice Department that filed the suit against IBM in January of 1969 was elected vice president and general counsel of IBM almost simultaneously. To be sure, at the time the suit was filed, Katzenbach was not the U.S. Attorney General but the Undersecretary of State (1966 to 1969).

YouTube videos:
•The IBM System/360 Revolution (length 01:50:47). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8c0_Lzb1CJw

Web sources:
•http://archive.computerhistory.org/resources/text/IBM/IBM.360.1964.102646246.pdf
•http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/mainframe-computers/7/161
•https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/mainframe/mainframe_PR360.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_System/360
•http://alegion63.tripod.com/bob/id23.html
•http://www.historyofcomputercommunications.info/Book/5/5.2JusticeDept-IBM-ATT.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_Katzenbach

Book sources:
• IBM’s 360 and Early 370 Systems by Emerson W. Pugh, Lyle R. Johnson, and John H. Palmer. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0262517205/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0262517205&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=PB7QL2IMW33QIFEU
• Building IBM: Shaping an Industry and its Technology by Emerson W. Pugh. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0262512823/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0262512823&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=GA54ZAPKGUVFNQGE
• Computer Architecture: Concepts and Evolution (2 volume set) by Gerrit A. Blaauw and Frederick P. Brooks Jr. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0201105578/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0201105578&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=JPFTGMUWJMD7FWC6

Image credits:
•Left: IBM 360
•Right: Thomas J. Watson announcing the IBM System/360 on April 7, 1964. Courtesy of the Computer History Museum. http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/mainframe-computers/7/161/576

#history #IBM /360 #IBM___

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2015-04-06 05:36:57 (1 comments, 3 reshares, 28 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Pioneer 11 launched, 1973
On April 6, 1973 — 42 years ago today — Pioneer 11 blasted off its launchpad with a goal of flying by Jupiter and Saturn to study these planets on its eventual journey to the edges of our Solar System and beyond. The spacecraft (artist’s depiction, below left) carried a plaque that featured figures of a human male and female along with several symbols designed to provide information about Earth (the same plaque, designed by Carl Sagan and SETI founder Frank Drake, was first attached to Pioneer 10; for more plaque information, please see https://plus.google.com/+BradAcker/posts/Z8vwdG8etP2). NASA scientists made the last contact with Pioneer 11 on September 30, 1995, but it is heading outside our solar system and is traveling toward the constellation Sagittarius.

Pioneer 11’s twin, Pioneer 10, had launched a little over a year earlieron Marc... altro »

Today in History: Pioneer 11 launched, 1973
On April 6, 1973 — 42 years ago today — Pioneer 11 blasted off its launchpad with a goal of flying by Jupiter and Saturn to study these planets on its eventual journey to the edges of our Solar System and beyond. The spacecraft (artist’s depiction, below left) carried a plaque that featured figures of a human male and female along with several symbols designed to provide information about Earth (the same plaque, designed by Carl Sagan and SETI founder Frank Drake, was first attached to Pioneer 10; for more plaque information, please see https://plus.google.com/+BradAcker/posts/Z8vwdG8etP2). NASA scientists made the last contact with Pioneer 11 on September 30, 1995, but it is heading outside our solar system and is traveling toward the constellation Sagittarius.

Pioneer 11’s twin, Pioneer 10, had launched a little over a year earlier on March 3, 1972, and it, too, had been sent toward Jupiter. Pioneer 11 got 3x closer to Jupiter than Pioneer 10 and was able to use Jupiter’s gravity to propel it toward Saturn. The knowledge gained from both Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 was used in developing the subsequent planetary exploration Voyager missions in the late 1970s. It is expected Pioneer 11 will take about 4 million years to reach a Sagittarius star.

YouTube videos:
•Pioneer 11 Animation and Archive Footage (no sound; length 06:01). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8fjxcRMHGM
•Pioneer 11 Saturn Encounter as It Happened (length: 25:53). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2FkyIE1A8_8

Web sources:
•http://www.brainyhistory.com/days/april_5.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pioneer_11
•http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/profile.cfm?MCode=Pioneer_11
•http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/multimedia/gallery.cfm?Category=Spacecraft&Mission=Pioneer_11&ImageOf=0
•http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/multimedia/videos.cfm?&Mission=Pioneer_11
•http://www.space.com/17785-pioneer-11.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sagittarius
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pioneer_10

Book sources:
• The Depths of Space: The Story of the Pioneer Planetary Probes by Mark Wolverton.
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0309090504/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0309090504&linkCode=as2&tag=empoweringnews-20&linkId=BI3A3XGF2YVUBN2T

Image credits:
•Left: Artist’s depiction of Pioneer 10/11 in heading into interstellar space. By NASA Ames Research Center. http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/multimedia/display.cfm?IM_ID=2903
•Right Top: Pioneer 11 lift-off on April 5, 1973 atop an Atlas-Centaur rocket. By NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA-MSFC) (MIX 9139575, MSFC-75-SA-4105-2C) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pioneer_G_(Pioneer_11)_launch.jpg
•Right Bottom: Trajectory of Pioneer 11 between Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 and headed in the opposite direction of Pioneer 10. http://www.newscientist.com/data/images/ns/cms/dn11304/dn11304-1_600.jpg

#history #space-exploration #pioneer11___

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2015-04-05 22:03:55 (9 comments, 4 reshares, 37 +1s)Open 

More screen real-estate at reasonable cost
What do you think about this solution?

Am I absolutely loving my new curved ultra wide-screen 34 inch Samsung monitor at 3440X1440 resolution on my Asus i3 Chromebox? Well yes I am!___More screen real-estate at reasonable cost
What do you think about this solution?

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2015-04-05 07:36:42 (0 comments, 1 reshares, 27 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Compton Gamma Ray Observatory Launched, 1991
On April 5, 1991 — 24 years ago today — the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) was launched from the cargo bay of the Space Shuttle Atlantis and operated for over 9 years until its controlled demise on June 4, 2000 (when it re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere and disintegrated over the Pacific Ocean). The CGRO was the heaviest payload ever flown in space at the time of its launch — 37,000 lbs. (17,000 kilograms), and included (1) the Burst and Transient Source Experiment, (2) the Oriented Scintillation Spectrometer Experiment, (3) the Imaging Compton Telescope, and (4) the Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment. Each of these instruments improved measurements by a factor of 10 over previous space instruments.

The CGRO was the second to be deployed of NASA’s 4 Great observatory platforms:

1. Hubble Telescope— deploye... altro »

Today in History: Compton Gamma Ray Observatory Launched, 1991
On April 5, 1991 — 24 years ago today — the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) was launched from the cargo bay of the Space Shuttle Atlantis and operated for over 9 years until its controlled demise on June 4, 2000 (when it re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere and disintegrated over the Pacific Ocean). The CGRO was the heaviest payload ever flown in space at the time of its launch — 37,000 lbs. (17,000 kilograms), and included (1) the Burst and Transient Source Experiment, (2) the Oriented Scintillation Spectrometer Experiment, (3) the Imaging Compton Telescope, and (4) the Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment. Each of these instruments improved measurements by a factor of 10 over previous space instruments.

The CGRO was the second to be deployed of NASA’s 4 Great observatory platforms:

1. Hubble Telescope — deployed by Space Shuttle Discovery on April 25, 1990, repaired in 1993, and subsequently enhanced on a number of spacewalks — was the first observatory put in space. Designed to be a long-term mission, placed 380 miles above the Earth’s surface, Hubble continues to this day to observe the Universe at visual, infrared, and ultraviolet wavelengths.

2. Compton Gamma Ray Observatory — deployed on April 5, 1991 by Space Shuttle Atlantis — collected an enormous amount of data on the most violent physical processes going on in the Universe, for 9 years until it was destroyed.

3. Chandra X-Ray Observatory — deployed by Space Shuttle Columbia into an orbit 200x higher than Hubble (more than ⅓ of the way to the Moon) on July 23, 1999 — was designed to measure X-ray sources 100x fainter than those that were detected by any previous X-ray telescope. Although Chandra continues to provide data to Earth, NASA does not expect its components to last much longer (as it was originally designed for only a 5-year mission). 

4. Spitzer Space Telescope — launched from Cape Canaveral on a Delta II rocket on August 25, 1993 — was the 4th and final telescope of NASA’s Great Observatories program. It was designed to observe infrared sources in the Universe.

YouTube videos:
•Hubble, Compton Gamma Ray, Chandra X-Ray, Spitzer: “The Four Great Observatories” (length 5:25). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JT5qriudnRk
•STS-37 Space Shuttle Atlantis Space Launch (of Compton Gamma Ray Observatory) and Landing. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SDd4JZlBpiM
•Supernovas / Massive Gamma Ray Bursts: Facts (length 44:28). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SbTGru7s_ks

Web sources:
•http://www.spacetoday.org/DeepSpace/Telescopes/GreatObservatories/Compton/Compton.html
•http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/cgro/index.html
•http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/cgro/cgro/compton.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compton_Gamma_Ray_Observatory
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamma_ray
•http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1927/compton-bio.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Compton
•http://amazing-space.stsci.edu/resources/explorations/groundup/lesson/scopes/cgro/index.php
•http://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/postsecondary/features/F_NASA_Great_Observatories_PS.html
•http://chandra.harvard.edu/
•http://chandra.harvard.edu/about/top_ten.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chandra_X-ray_Observatory
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spitzer_Space_Telescope
•http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_space_telescopes

Book sources:
• What are Gamma-Ray Bursts? by Joshua S. Bloom. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0691145571/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0691145571&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=RBXQUMWQCHXO7SKN
• Exploding Superstars: Understanding Supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts by Alain Mazure. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0387095470/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0387095470&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=KTJY7QY4C7H4QDPV
• Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (AIP Conference Proceedings) by Neil Gehreils. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1563961040/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1563961040&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=MGUXDFMQAJKWHBEQ

Image credits:
•Top: Compton Gamma Ray Observatory being launched from the Space Shuttle Atlantis. http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/space/universe/exploration/compton_gamma_ray_observatory
•Bottom: Electromagnetic Spectrum. http://www.schome.ac.uk/wiki/images/3/36/EM_spectrum.jpg

#history #telescopes #NASA #Compton #gamma-rays #spaceshuttle___

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2015-04-04 04:33:33 (8 comments, 36 reshares, 82 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Microsoft founded, 1975
On April 4, 1975 — 40 years ago today — Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen. 

In the late 1960’s in their private and elite Lakeside high school in Seattle (the only high school in the nation at the time to have access to an IBM/360), Gates and Allen formed a friendship around their passion for computing and their dream of writing commercial software for the impending personal computer revolution. With another “friend-of-a-friend” who could build computers, they started a company (“Traf-O-Data”) that built a computer with accompanying software to analyze traffic data. This company’s product failed to gain much traction, so the two friends next focused on college — Allen first attended Washington State University (Allen was a couple of years older than Gates) while Gates then headed to Harvard University inCambridge, MA. ... altro »

Today in History: Microsoft founded, 1975
On April 4, 1975 — 40 years ago today — Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen. 

In the late 1960’s in their private and elite Lakeside high school in Seattle (the only high school in the nation at the time to have access to an IBM/360), Gates and Allen formed a friendship around their passion for computing and their dream of writing commercial software for the impending personal computer revolution. With another “friend-of-a-friend” who could build computers, they started a company (“Traf-O-Data”) that built a computer with accompanying software to analyze traffic data. This company’s product failed to gain much traction, so the two friends next focused on college — Allen first attended Washington State University (Allen was a couple of years older than Gates) while Gates then headed to Harvard University in Cambridge, MA. 

Before graduating from Washington State University, Allen found a job at Honeywell in Boston — close to Gates at Harvard. After getting excited about seeing a Popular Electronics magazine reporting on the first personal computer kit — the Altair 8800 from MITS (Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems) — Gates and Allen knew they could write BASIC for the computer and greatly enhance its usefulness. Gates called the makers of the Altair 8800 and offered to demonstrate BASIC running on the system in about 8 weeks, and then Gates and Allen worked almost non-stop to develop the promised BASIC programming language interpreter. They finished the job the night before Allen flew from Boston to Albuquerque, NM, where the maker of the Altair (MITS) was located to demo their software. Upon successfully demonstrating the product, Allen accepted a job offer to become the Associate Director of Software for MITS in January of 1975. Gates dropped out of Harvard, disappointing his parents at first, and joined Allen in Albuquerque. Once Gates’s parents understood how passionate Bill was about starting a company with his friend, his parents were supportive of Bill’s decision. As soon as Gates had joined Allen in New Mexico, Gates and Allen formed a partnership that they named “Micro-soft” and commemorate April 4, 1975 as the founding date.

The early Microsoft created BASIC for the Altair, for the Apple II, and for Radio Shack’s TRS-80. On January 1, 1979, Gates and Allen moved the company back to their original home area, to Bellevue, WA (and then eventually to its current location in Redmond, WA). They formally incorporated the company as “Microsoft” on June 25, 1981 — just a few weeks before IBM introduced its PC with the operating system (MS-DOS 1.0) that Gates and Allen had “developed” for it. [Please also see: https://plus.google.com/+BradAcker/posts/RwWjmPW8TMk] The company was reincorporated in Delaware on September 19,1986, and then reincorporated in the state of Washington on November 1, 1993. Microsoft’s IPO (initial public offering) was held on March 13, 1986. 

YouTube videos:
•Paul Allen on Gates, Microsoft / 60 Minutes / CBS News. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4IM0SvIiMI4
•History of Microsoft—1975. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BLaMbaVT22E

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Microsoft
•http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/5085630.stm
•http://archive.wired.com/science/discoveries/news/2008/04/dayintech_0404
•http://www.wired.com/2011/04/0404bill-gates-paul-allen-form-microsoft/
•http://fundersandfounders.com/how-bill-gates-started/
•http://www.biography.com/people/bill-gates-9307520
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Gates
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Allen
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Traf-O-Data
•http://startup.nmnaturalhistory.org/gallery/story.php?ii=45
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Microsoft
•http://news.dice.com/2011/03/31/microsoft-co-founder-paul-allen-takes-a-swipe-at-bill-gates/
•http://dingeengoete.blogspot.com/2013/04/this-day-in-history-apr-04-1975.html
http://www.microsoft.com/investor/InvestorServices/FAQ/default.aspx

Book sources:
• Hard Drive: Bill Gates and the Making of the Microsoft Empire by James Wallace and Jim Erickson. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0887306292/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0887306292&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=J5K2UPRYOFIXOIFL
• Paul Allen: Idea Man / A Memoir by the Cofounder of Microsoft by Paul Allen. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1591845378/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1591845378&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=MQLUIQ4SYE6YZBJG

Image credits:
•Left: Bill Gates (left) and Paul Allen (right), 1975. http://www.wired.com/2011/04/0404bill-gates-paul-allen-form-microsoft/
•Right Top: Paul Allen (left) and Bill Gates (right), standing back to back with computer in the middle. 
•Bottom: Popular Electronics, published on November 29,1974. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/c/cb/Popular_Electronics_Cover_Jan_1975.jpg

#history #Microsoft___

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2015-04-03 03:07:09 (18 comments, 26 reshares, 134 +1s)Open 

Today in History: First spacecraft in history orbited the Moon, 1966
On April 3, 1966 — 49 years ago today — Soviet Union’s Luna 10 (a.k.a. Lunik 10) became the 1st spacecraft to orbit the Moon (or any celestial object). The Luna 10 spacecraft was launched from an Earth orbiting platform on March 31, 1966 and first entered lunar orbit on April 3, 1966. Among the instruments, it carried were (1) a magnetometer, (2) gamma-ray spectrometer, (3) gas discharge counters, (4) ion traps and charged-particle trap, (5) piezoelectric micrometer detector, (6) infrared detector, (7) low-energy x-ray photon counters. This instrument package, contained within a 1.5 meter tall by 75 cm diameter base (about 5 feet tall by 2-½ feet diameter base), collected useful information about the weakness of the Moon’s magnetic field, radiation belts around the Moon, the Moon’s atmosphere and surface composition,and the lu... altro »

Today in History: First spacecraft in history orbited the Moon, 1966
On April 3, 1966 — 49 years ago today — Soviet Union’s Luna 10 (a.k.a. Lunik 10) became the 1st spacecraft to orbit the Moon (or any celestial object). The Luna 10 spacecraft was launched from an Earth orbiting platform on March 31, 1966 and first entered lunar orbit on April 3, 1966. Among the instruments, it carried were (1) a magnetometer, (2) gamma-ray spectrometer, (3) gas discharge counters, (4) ion traps and charged-particle trap, (5) piezoelectric micrometer detector, (6) infrared detector, (7) low-energy x-ray photon counters. This instrument package, contained within a 1.5 meter tall by 75 cm diameter base (about 5 feet tall by 2-½ feet diameter base), collected useful information about the weakness of the Moon’s magnetic field, radiation belts around the Moon, the Moon’s atmosphere and surface composition, and the lunar region’s cosmic radiation and micrometeoroid density. 

Luna 10 orbited the Moon 460 times and made 219 data transmissions to Earth, before its battery died. Radio signal communications with the spacecraft were discontinued on May 30, 1966.

As the following list shows, the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. were truly involved in a race to explore the Moon; at this particular point, the U.S.S.R. was arguably ahead, as the U.S.S.R.’s lunar missions were the first to successfully impact the Moon and orbit the Moon:

(1) USA - Pioneer - failed lunar orbiter (August 1958)
(2) USSR - Luna 1958A - failed lunar impactor (September 1958)
(3) USA - Pioneer 1 - failed lunar orbiter (October 1958)
(4) USSR - Luna 1958B - failed lunar impactor (October 1958)
(5) USA - Pioneer 2 - failed lunar orbiter (November 1958)
(6) USSR - Luna 1958C - failed lunar impactor (December 1958)
(7) USA - Pioneer 3 - failed lunar flyby (December 1958)
(8) USSR - Luna 1 - failed lunar impactor (January 1959)
(9) USSR - Luna 1959A - failed lunar impactor (June 1959)
(10) USA - Pioneer 4 - FIRST successful lunar flyby * (March 1959)
(11) USSR - Luna 2 - FIRST successful lunar impactor (September 1959)
(12) USSR - Luna 3 - successful lunar flyby (October 1959)
(13) USA - Pioneer P-3 - failed lunar flyby (November 1959)
(14) USA - Ranger 1 - failed earth-orbit test vehicle (August 1961)
(15) USA - Ranger 2 - failed earth-orbit test vehicle (November 1961)
(16) USA - Ranger 3 - failed lunar lander (January 1962)
(17) USA - Ranger 4 - failed lunar lander (April 1962)
(18) USA - Ranger 5 - failed lunar lander (October 1962)
(19) USSR - Sputnik 25 - failed lunar lander (January 1963)
(20) USSR - Luna 4 - failed lunar orbiter (April 1963)
(21) USA - Ranger 6 - failed lunar impactor (January 1964)
(22) USA - Ranger 7 - successful lunar impactor (July 1964)
(23) USA - Ranger 8 - successful lunar impactor (February 1965)
(24) USA - Ranger 9 - successful lunar impactor (March 1965)
(25) USSR - Luna 5 - failed lunar lander (May 1965)
(26) USSR - Luna 6 - failed lunar lander (June 1965)
(27) USSR - Zond 3 - successful lunar flyby (July 1965)
(28) USSR - Luna 7 - failed lunar lander (October 1965)
(29) USSR - Luna 8 - failed lunar lander (December 1965)
(30) USSR - Luna 9 - FIRST successful lunar lander (February 1966)
(31) USSR - Cosmos 111 - failed moon flyby (March 1966)
(32) USSR - Luna 10 - FIRST successful lunar orbiter (April 1966)

YouTube videos:
•1966: Luna 10 (in Russian; length: 01:53). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xuZOzwHbNVA

Web sources:
•http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1966-027A
•https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/profile.cfm?MCode=Luna_10
•http://www.zarya.info/Diaries/Luna/Luna10.php
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luna_10
•http://www.lunarland.com/luna-moon-missions

Book sources:
• The Soviet Space Race with Apollo by Asif A. Siddiqi. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0813026288/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0813026288&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=X4A5W4T3IRDHNVDP
• Space Race: The Epic Battle Between America and the Soviet Union for Dominion of Space by Deborah Cadbury. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0061176281/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0061176281&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=3SGEZUJESUTGUUF3

Image credits:
•Luna 10. http://spacecraft.pagesperso-orange.fr/soyouz.htm

#history #USSR #SovietUnion #moon___

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2015-04-02 05:05:01 (2 comments, 7 reshares, 19 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Microsoft Announced Its First Hardware Product, 1980
On April 2, 1980 — 35 years ago today — Microsoft announced its first hardware product, the “Z80 softcard” (eventually renamed the “Microsoft Softcard”). The primary use for this card was to give Apple computers CP/M functionality. With CP/M capability, Apple computers became a viable business platform that could run a wide-range of pre-existing business applications.

Microsoft is a company that is primarily known for its software products. However, long before the dominance of Windows software, Steve Ballmer (later CEO of Microsoft) indicated that this Z80 card and similar pieces of hardware extensions for personal computers were the primary source of revenues for Microsoft in 1980.

YouTube videos:
•History of Microsoft—1980. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CQktl8qtwfE
Web sources:<... altro »

Today in History: Microsoft Announced Its First Hardware Product, 1980
On April 2, 1980 — 35 years ago today — Microsoft announced its first hardware product, the “Z80 softcard” (eventually renamed the “Microsoft Softcard”). The primary use for this card was to give Apple computers CP/M functionality. With CP/M capability, Apple computers became a viable business platform that could run a wide-range of pre-existing business applications.

Microsoft is a company that is primarily known for its software products. However, long before the dominance of Windows software, Steve Ballmer (later CEO of Microsoft) indicated that this Z80 card and similar pieces of hardware extensions for personal computers were the primary source of revenues for Microsoft in 1980.

YouTube videos:
•History of Microsoft—1980. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CQktl8qtwfE

Web sources:
•http://www.thocp.net/companies/microsoft/microsoft_company.htm
•http://www.pcmag.com/slideshow/story/300240/the-secret-history-of-microsoft-hardware
•http://www.thewindowsclub.com/microsoft-hardware-history
•http://books.google.com/books?id=jT4EAAAAMBAJ&pg=PT14#v=onepage&q&f=false
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z-80_SoftCard
•http://apple2history.org/history/ah13/

Book sources:
• Hard Drive: Bill Gates and the Making of the Microsoft Empire by James Wallace and Jim Erickson. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0887306292/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0887306292&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=J5K2UPRYOFIXOIFL
• Paul Allen: Idea Man / A Memoir by the Cofounder of Microsoft by Paul Allen. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1591845378/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1591845378&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=MQLUIQ4SYE6YZBJG

Image credits:
•Apple Logo (1980) with Microsoft Softcard in the foreground. http://apple2history.org/history/ah13/

#history #Microsoft___

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2015-04-01 12:12:44 (3 comments, 3 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

Snuggable Google Panda Announcement
You may want to check the date on the calendar first, but what a product!

Haven’t we all yearned for a friend who could answer any question, while always being there for a snuggle? Today, the wait is over — Google Panda is here → goo.gl/p696Cn___Snuggable Google Panda Announcement
You may want to check the date on the calendar first, but what a product!

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2015-04-01 06:06:46 (69 comments, 115 reshares, 360 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Apple Was Founded, 1976
On April 1, 1976 — 39 years ago today — Apple was founded as a personal computer manufacturer by Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs, and Ronald Wayne. Wozniak and Jobs had met 5 years earlier, and they both shared an interest in technology that empowered individuals (and a joy of playing pranks on people). Jobs recognized that Wozniak had the skills required to build a personal computer and persuaded Wozniak to partner in an effort to develop and market such computers. Showing early signs of business ingenuity, Jobs convinced a local computer store to place an order for 50 personal computers, payable upon delivery. Next, Jobs went to a national electronic parts supplier; and, using the purchase order as a form of verifiable credit, Jobs ordered the components needed for Wozniak to assemble the personal computers. Without any money, without any investors, Jobshad... altro »

Today in History: Apple Was Founded, 1976
On April 1, 1976 — 39 years ago today — Apple was founded as a personal computer manufacturer by Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs, and Ronald Wayne. Wozniak and Jobs had met 5 years earlier, and they both shared an interest in technology that empowered individuals (and a joy of playing pranks on people). Jobs recognized that Wozniak had the skills required to build a personal computer and persuaded Wozniak to partner in an effort to develop and market such computers. Showing early signs of business ingenuity, Jobs convinced a local computer store to place an order for 50 personal computers, payable upon delivery. Next, Jobs went to a national electronic parts supplier; and, using the purchase order as a form of verifiable credit, Jobs ordered the components needed for Wozniak to assemble the personal computers. Without any money, without any investors, Jobs had effectively launched Apple. However, Jobs was only 21; Wozniak was 25. So Jobs asked Ronald Wayne, an older, more experienced, business friend (with whom Jobs had worked at Atari while Jobs was in high school), to help them set up a partnership agreement and operate a business. 

After helping with the initial start-up materials — writing the manual for the personal computer, the partnership agreement (Wayne set up ownership as Wozniak 45%-Jobs 45%-Wayne 10%), and drawing the original logo, Wayne decided to leave the team. Wayne was the chief draftsman and product development engineer at Atari, and he also understood that all members of a partnership were legally responsible for any debts incurred by any partner. Because Wayne had substantially more assets than the young Jobs and Wozniak, Wayne exited the partnership; he says that he never regretted his decision, because his aim was only to help two young entrepreneurs get their business off the ground. 

YouTube videos:
•Apple Founders Steve Wozniak and Ron Wayne talk about Apple’s early years (length: xx:xx). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kVmq25UUoIk
•The History of Apple in under 10 minutes (length: 09:06). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DZyKlZcqrjk
•Steve Jobs: How Apple got its name (bad quality but informative; length: 02:56). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qzzOwRx3D1E
•Steve Wozniak: How Apple got its name (length: 01:28). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OfFsjEtiV_A
•Steve Wozniak from 1984 talking about computing, joining Apple, and the Mac. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a5F5BwF1q4w
•Steve Wozniak on the Early Days of Apple—Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley (length 01:06:55). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a5F5BwF1q4w

Web sources:
•http://www.loc.gov/rr/business/businesshistory/April/apple.html
•http://www.bloomberg.com/bw/articles/2014-12-04/apple-steve-wozniak-on-the-early-years-with-steve-jobs
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Inc.
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Apple_Inc.
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ronald_Wayne

Book sources:
• Steve Jobs by Walter Isaacson. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B004W2UBYW/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B004W2UBYW&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=CG6HTMZXSQBGQTMM
• iWoz, Computer Geek to Cult Icon: How I invented the personal computer, co-founded Apple, and had fun doing it by Steve Wozniak with Gina Smith. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B000VUCIZO/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B000VUCIZO&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=ZFRBSS2TEHZ5S5Z4
• Adventures of an Apple Founder by Ronald G. Wayne. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0615517420/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0615517420&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=3D25Q2YP6J5IPM4G
• Founders at Work: Stories of Startups’ Early Days by Jessica Livingston. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B009IXMK4O/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B009IXMK4O&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=ANBMLG26VW3OJQHJ

Image credits:
•Left: Steve Jobs (left) and Steve Wozniak (right). http://www.pcadvisor.co.uk/features/apple/3240934/apple-z-everything-you-need-know-about-apple/
•Right Top: Apple “Spaceship” Campus (currently under construction). http://www.bandwidthblog.com/2014/09/09/aerial-shots-of-first-stages-of-apples-spaceship-campus/
•Right Middle: Steve Jobs’s house in Los Altos, CA, and the garage where Apple began. http://stumptownblogger.typepad.com/.a/6a010536b86d36970c0147e36f18ff970b-pi
•Right Bottom: Ronald Wayne, the 10% partner of the original Apple team. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2388674/The-unluckiest-man-world-Meet-Ron-Wayne-Apple-Incs-forgotten-founder.html ___

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2015-03-31 05:06:51 (10 comments, 49 reshares, 249 +1s)Open 

Today in History: The Eiffel Tower Officially Opened, 1889
On March 31, 1889 — 126 years ago today — the Eiffel Tower was officially opened to the public. The Tower was designed by Gustave Eiffel’s company for the 1889 World’s Fair that was to be held in Paris, to mark the 100-year anniversary of the French Revolution. From among over 100 artists, Gustave Eiffel, who was a prominent French engineer, and his team’s design beat out competitive designs — as Eiffel’s structure was the most audacious. The tower was constructed of 7,000 tons of iron and rose to a height of 300 meters (almost 1,000 feet), the tallest structure in the world for this period (and for 4 decades after its construction, until the Chrysler Building was built in New York City in 1930). Initially, it was built to serve only as the elaborate entrance to the 1889 World’s Fair and only intended to last for 20years, but its ... altro »

Today in History: The Eiffel Tower Officially Opened, 1889
On March 31, 1889 — 126 years ago today — the Eiffel Tower was officially opened to the public. The Tower was designed by Gustave Eiffel’s company for the 1889 World’s Fair that was to be held in Paris, to mark the 100-year anniversary of the French Revolution. From among over 100 artists, Gustave Eiffel, who was a prominent French engineer, and his team’s design beat out competitive designs — as Eiffel’s structure was the most audacious. The tower was constructed of 7,000 tons of iron and rose to a height of 300 meters (almost 1,000 feet), the tallest structure in the world for this period (and for 4 decades after its construction, until the Chrysler Building was built in New York City in 1930). Initially, it was built to serve only as the elaborate entrance to the 1889 World’s Fair and only intended to last for 20 years, but its soaring height, delicate lines, and airy volume grew on Parisians as well as tourists from around the world. Eiffel had been using his apartment in the Tower to conduct radio and wind experiments, and the Tower subsequently became an important communications and experimental hub. The growing French consensus was that the structure should be maintained as a tourist attraction (over 1,000 people visit the Tower every hour) and communications tower as long as possible. So although initially destined for demolition in 1909, the Eiffel Tower has become one of the most enduring symbols of architectural design and structure in the world today.

YouTube videos:
•Eiffel Tower, Paris: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uL3vavzHlqw
•The History of the Eiffel Tower: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dRnUlBhNirQ

Web sources:
•http://www.history.com/topics/eiffel-tower
•http://www.history.com/news/10-things-you-may-not-know-about-the-eiffel-tower
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eiffel_Tower

Book sources:
• The Eiffel Tower by Bertrand Lemoine. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/3836509032/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=3836509032&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=46376CSNE3LPRP6Z
• Eiffel’s Tower: The Thrilling Story Behind Paris’s Beloved Monument and the Extraordinary World’s Fair That Introduced It by Jill Jonnes. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0143117297/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0143117297&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=L3SKHPDYOGAY2JAJ
• The Tallest Tower: Eiffel and the Belle Epoque by Joseph Harriss. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1588321029/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1588321029&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=7FFC7KLMXS3JMKDR

Memorabilia (fyi):
•Eiffel Tower Beaded Bookmark. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1593593090/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1593593090&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=XVC3FIUBK77OC7IO
•Lego Architecture: The Eiffel Tower. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00AW08UN2/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00AW08UN2&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=GEDAXHT367O7PKMO

Image credits:
Left:  Eiffel Tower, as seen from the Champ de Mars, Paris, France. By Benh LIEU SONG (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ATour_Eiffel_Wikimedia_Commons.jpg 
Right Top to Bottom:
•Eiffel Tower at night with lights: http://wallpaperciv.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Awesome-Eiffel-Tower-at-Night.jpg
•Eiffel Tower by the Seine River, Paris, May 2014. By Nicolas Halftermeyer (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AEiffel_Tower_by_the_Seine_river%2C_Paris%2C_2_March_2014.jpg
•View from the center of the bottom of the Tower looking directly toward the top of the structure. By Alec Smith (Image Mundi) posted on Google+: https://plus.google.com/+AlecSmith-ImageMundi/posts/e5JhGeKb7vs

#history  ___

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2015-03-30 05:24:47 (1 comments, 1 reshares, 13 +1s)Open 

Today in History: The Queensboro Bridge Opened, 1909
On March 30, 1909 — 106 years ago today — the Queensboro Bridge, linking Manhattan to Queensboro, first opened to public traffic. Originally, the Bridge was known as the Blackwell’s Island Bridge (Blackwell’s Island = Roosevelt Island); it was constructed by a company organized by wealthy landowners in Queens to bridge the East River at Blackwell’s (later Roosevelt’s) Island. But it took over 40 years from the first design to the final design for the bridge to be built.

YouTube videos:
•Simon and Garfunkel song about the Queensboro Bridge, “The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin’ Groovy).” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VqU9PqIhuIY

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queensboro_Bridge
•http://queensborobridge.org/•http://www.nyc-archi... altro »

Today in History: The Queensboro Bridge Opened, 1909
On March 30, 1909 — 106 years ago today — the Queensboro Bridge, linking Manhattan to Queensboro, first opened to public traffic. Originally, the Bridge was known as the Blackwell’s Island Bridge (Blackwell’s Island = Roosevelt Island); it was constructed by a company organized by wealthy landowners in Queens to bridge the East River at Blackwell’s (later Roosevelt’s) Island. But it took over 40 years from the first design to the final design for the bridge to be built.

YouTube videos:
•Simon and Garfunkel song about the Queensboro Bridge, “The 59th Street Bridge Song (Feelin’ Groovy).” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VqU9PqIhuIY

Web sources:
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queensboro_Bridge
•http://queensborobridge.org/
•http://www.nyc-architecture.com/BRI/BRI006-QueensboroBridge.htm
•http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/html/infrastructure/queensboro-bridge.shtml

Book sources:
• The Queensboro Bridge by The Greater Astoria Historical Society and The Roosevelt Island Historical Society. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/073855488X/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=073855488X&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=O3PJHZ75QQF7VYBH
• The Bridges of New York by Sharon Reier. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00A73BMIO/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B00A73BMIO&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=ITEGW6LUGUD5VXJE

Image credits:
Top: Queensboro Bridge, New York City at night, view from Manhattan looking toward Roosevelt Island in the East River and Queensboro across the River. http://fineartamerica.com/featured/queensboro-bridge-nyc-jumper.html
Bottom Left and Center: Queensboro Bridge location made by Google Maps.
Bottom Right: Queensboro Bridge crossing East River and Manhattan from above Queensboro. By Sfoskett (Own work) [GFDL (www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AQueensborough_Bridge_and_Midtown_Manhattan.jpg___

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2015-03-29 04:09:52 (7 comments, 12 reshares, 50 +1s)Open 

Today in History: China’s First Imperial Emperor’s Mausoleum Complex Uncovered, 1974
On March 29, 1974 — 41 years ago today — farmers digging a water well on barren land discovered what archaeologists would later determine to be the most massive mausoleum complex ever discovered. When the farmers uncovered fragments of terracotta (clay-based ceramic) warriors and bronze weapons, the Chinese State Administration of Cultural Heritage sent a team of archaeologists to conduct a full-scale excavation of the site, which still has not been fully uncovered but is clearly a “necropolis” — literally meaning in Greek a “city of the dead.” What the archaeologists have found so far are thousands of terracotta warriors and horses (in the range of 6,000 to 7,000), configured to protect the the tomb of the Emperor Qin, the first unifier (victorious warrior) of mainland China. 

Theoriginal mausoleum... altro »

Today in History: China’s First Imperial Emperor’s Mausoleum Complex Uncovered, 1974
On March 29, 1974 — 41 years ago today — farmers digging a water well on barren land discovered what archaeologists would later determine to be the most massive mausoleum complex ever discovered. When the farmers uncovered fragments of terracotta (clay-based ceramic) warriors and bronze weapons, the Chinese State Administration of Cultural Heritage sent a team of archaeologists to conduct a full-scale excavation of the site, which still has not been fully uncovered but is clearly a “necropolis” — literally meaning in Greek a “city of the dead.” What the archaeologists have found so far are thousands of terracotta warriors and horses (in the range of 6,000 to 7,000), configured to protect the the tomb of the Emperor Qin, the first unifier (victorious warrior) of mainland China. 

The original mausoleum complex was built from 221-207 B.C. during the reign of Qin Shi Huang, the founder of the Qin dynasty in China. Qin apparently knew that the new gigantic territory that he unified (conquered) was to last a long time, as he ordered 700,000 people to build the mausoleum in his honor as the founder of “Qin,” now known as “China.” In 1976, the Chinese State Administration of Cultural Heritage built a large arched hall with a steel frame above the huge pit where the mausoleum was discovered. Inside the hall, there have been about 1,000 terra cotta warriors unearthed and restored as closely as possible to their original condition. Of course, tourists are welcome! [See: http://www.travelchinaguide.com/cityguides/xian/terracotta.htm.]

YouTube videos:
•Secrets of China’s Terracotta Warriors Documentary (Length 50:10). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kKJkQS_Ivaw
•Documentary: China’s Terracotta Army (Length: 53:06). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ag2P_CoQiMQ
•Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor (Length 27:42). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zrmxpnSvaoo
•World Heritage China: The Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shihaung (Length 01:33:43). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FQnXsJ7Taw8
•The First Emperor of China by DocumFeed (Length 01:42:26). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LBjLiKNot_w

Web sources:
•http://www.history.com/news/5-things-you-may-not-know-about-the-terra-cotta-army?cmpid=Social_Google_Hith_03282014_1
•http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/terra-cotta-soldiers-on-the-march-30942673/?no-ist
•http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/exploreorg/china-terra-cotta-warriors-eorg
•http://history1900s.about.com/od/1970s/qt/terracottaarmy.htm
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terracotta
•http://www.bmy.com.cn/
•http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/441
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_dynasty
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mausoleum_of_the_First_Qin_Emperor
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Necropolis
•http://www.chinahighlights.com/xian/terracotta-army/
•http://www.discoverchinatours.com/discovery_emperor_qinshihuang_mausoleum_construction.html
•http://www.history.com/images/media/pdf/ChinasFirstEmperorSG.pdf

Book sources:
• The Eternal Army: The Terracotta Soldiers of the First Emperor by Roberto Ciarla and Araldo De Luca. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/8854406279/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=8854406279&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=ST2YOMET3T3CUW3Z
• Hidden Army: Clay Soldiers of Ancient China by Jane O’Connor. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0448455803/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0448455803&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=S7CNNNJ76XAM4R4V

Image credits:
•The Terracotta Army, excavated and returned to original configurations. http://www.thousandwonders.net/Terracotta+Army___

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2015-03-28 10:03:32 (13 comments, 13 reshares, 33 +1s)Open 

Today in History: Worst Nuclear Accident in U.S. History Began, 1979
On March 28, 1979 — 36 years ago today — a sudden cascade of unexpected events caused a near total meltdown of a nuclear reactor at the Three Mile Island (TMI) Nuclear Plant on an island in the Susquehanna River about 11 miles south of Harrisburg, the Pennsylvania state capitol, and within 100 miles of Philadelphia to its East. At 4:00 A.M. on March 28, water-coolant pumps failed at TMI’s reactor 2 as it was running at 97% power. The reactor automatically shut down as it should have done when not receiving adequate coolant from the system. But then a valve stuck open and a relatively small amount of radiation was released into the atmosphere. Human operators reacted to this release by shutting down the entire cooling system as their instructions called for. Meters then indicated correctly that the reactor was overheatingand i... altro »

Today in History: Worst Nuclear Accident in U.S. History Began, 1979
On March 28, 1979 — 36 years ago today — a sudden cascade of unexpected events caused a near total meltdown of a nuclear reactor at the Three Mile Island (TMI) Nuclear Plant on an island in the Susquehanna River about 11 miles south of Harrisburg, the Pennsylvania state capitol, and within 100 miles of Philadelphia to its East. At 4:00 A.M. on March 28, water-coolant pumps failed at TMI’s reactor 2 as it was running at 97% power. The reactor automatically shut down as it should have done when not receiving adequate coolant from the system. But then a valve stuck open and a relatively small amount of radiation was released into the atmosphere. Human operators reacted to this release by shutting down the entire cooling system as their instructions called for. Meters then indicated correctly that the reactor was overheating and in a dangerous state. Operators resumed the coolant flow; but the reactor core had become so hot that when water hit it again, the core shattered and began to meltdown. Fortunately, most of the released radiation was contained in the building and engineers struggled to regain control of the meltdown. After 5 agonizing days, they were successful. The reactor was permanently rendered useless, of course, and this accident marked a turning point in the heretofore growing nuclear energy industry in the U.S. 

YouTube videos:
•Three Mile Island Accident from The Engineering Channel (Length 01:49). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Qwg4oERhvw
•Three Mile Island Documentary: Nuclear Power’s Promise and Peril by Retro Report / The New York Times (Length:12:59). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_0P9S4F4KpQ
•Meltdown at Three Mile Island (Nothing Compared to Fukushima). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4vNDlVDVqes
•Fukushima, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island: Up Close and Personal. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cPJ9hvjqvqc
•Wasteland: The nuclear graveyard under New Mexico (Length: 12:45). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zDgBUwhUAVE
•The Nuclear Waste Destruction 2014 New Documentary (Length 01:07:29). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HMoaK_2DlLQ

Web sources:
•http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/29/us/three-mile-island-and-nuclear-hopes-and-fears.html?_r=0
•http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/fact-sheets/3mile-isle.html
•http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_Mile_Island_accident
•http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Safety-and-Security/Safety-of-Plants/Safety-of-Nuclear-Power-Reactors/
•http://www.ucsusa.org/our-work/nuclear-power/nuclear-power-accidents#.VRWxMjvF_T1
•http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/energy/stories/political-habitat-the-lie-of-three-mile-island
•http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nuclear-accident-at-three-mile-island
•http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/three/filmmore/transcript/index.html

Book sources:
• TMI 25 Years Later: The Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Plant Accident and Its Impact by Bonnie Anne Osif, Anthony J. Baratta, and Thomas W. Conkling. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0271027436/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0271027436&linkCode=as2&tag=historyknowledge-20&linkId=XU6N2CYOZ2IJ6XPN

Image credits:
•Top: Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Plant from bird’s eye view. https://radioactivemonticello.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/pic_three_mile_island_jf2009_1000px.jpg
•Across Bottom from Left to Right:
*New York Times Front Page, March 29, 1979. http://whyfiles.org/130nukes/
*Time Magazine Cover Story, “Nuclear Nightmare,” April 9, 1979. http://takemeback.to/media/cover/cover-Time-19790409-75339.jpg
*Photo of President Jimmy Carter touring Three Mile Island Nuclear Plant on April 1, 1979. By John G. Kemeny et al [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Carter_TMI-2.jpg
*Sign from the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission to memorialize the Three Mile Island Nuclear Accident. http://eccentricroadside.blogspot.com/2011/11/i-saw-nukes-today-oh-boy-pennsylvanias.html___

2015-03-27 12:12:09 (2 comments, 0 reshares, 6 +1s)Open 

Do you know who is the person responsible for updating views and followers on our profile pages? Do you know why the timing of the updates varies from day to day? I wasn’t following these numbers as closely in the past as I am now, but weren’t these numbers updated more regularly than they are now? (I was wondering if the laxness now is an indication that G+ plans to drop these figures.) Any information would be helpful regarding this issue. Thanks.

Do you know who is the person responsible for updating views and followers on our profile pages? Do you know why the timing of the updates varies from day to day? I wasn’t following these numbers as closely in the past as I am now, but weren’t these numbers updated more regularly than they are now? (I was wondering if the laxness now is an indication that G+ plans to drop these figures.) Any information would be helpful regarding this issue. Thanks.___

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